Proverbs 31 NAS

The Words of Lemuel

1 The words of King Lemuel, the oracle which his mother taught him:

References for Proverbs 31:1

    • a 31:1 - Or "burden"
      2 What, O my son? And what, O 1son of my womb? And what, O son of my 2vows?

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      3 3Do not give your strength to women, Or your ways to that which 4destroys kings.

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      4 It is not for 5kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to 6drink wine, Or for rulers to desire strong drink,

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      5 For they will drink and forget what is decreed, And 7pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

      References for Proverbs 31:5

        • b 31:5 - Lit "judgment"
        • c 31:5 - Lit "sons of affliction"
          6 Give strong drink to him who is 8perishing, And wine to him 9whose life is bitter.

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            • d 31:6 - Lit "bitter of soul"
              7 Let him drink and forget his poverty And remember his trouble no more.
              8 10Open your mouth for the mute, For the rights of all the unfortunate *.

              References for Proverbs 31:8

                • e 31:8 - Lit "judgment"
                • f 31:8 - Lit "sons of passing away"
                  9 Open your mouth, 11judge righteously, And defend the 12rights of the afflicted and needy.

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                    • g 31:9 - Lit "judge the afflicted"

                      Description of a Worthy Woman

                      10 An 13excellent wife, who can find? For her worth is far 14above jewels.

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                      11 The heart of her husband trusts in her, And he will have no lack of gain.
                      12 She does him good and not evil All the days of her life.
                      13 She looks for wool and flax And works with her hands in delight.

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                          14 She is like 15merchant ships; She brings her food from afar.

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                          15 She 16rises also while it is still night And 17gives food to her household And portions to her maidens.

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                            • j 31:15 - Or "prescribed tasks"
                              16 She considers a field and buys it; From her earnings * she plants a vineyard.

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                                • k 31:16 - Lit "the fruit of her palms"
                                  17 She 18girds herself with strength And makes her arms strong.

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                                  18 She senses that her gain is good; Her lamp does not go out at night.
                                  19 She stretches out her hands to the distaff, And her hands grasp the spindle.

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                                      20 She 19extends her hand to the poor, And she stretches out her hands to the needy.

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                                        • n 31:20 - Lit "spreads out her palm"
                                          21 She is not afraid of the snow for her household, For all her household are 20clothed with scarlet.

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                                          22 She makes 21coverings for herself; Her clothing is 22fine linen and 23purple.

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                                          23 Her husband is known 24in the gates, When he sits among the elders of the land.

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                                          24 She makes 25linen garments and sells them, And supplies belts to the tradesmen.

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                                              25 Strength and 26dignity are her clothing, And she smiles at the future *.

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                                                • q 31:25 - Lit "latter days"
                                                  26 She 27opens her mouth in wisdom, And the teaching of kindness is on her tongue.

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                                                  27 She looks well to the ways of her household, And does not eat the 28bread of idleness.

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                                                  28 Her children rise up and bless her; Her husband also, and he praises her, saying:
                                                  29 "Many daughters have done nobly, But you excel them all."
                                                  30 Charm is deceitful and beauty is vain, But a woman who 29fears the LORD, she shall be praised.

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                                                    • s 31:30 - Or "reverences"
                                                      31 Give her the product of her hands, And let her works praise her in the gates.

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