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Proverbs 31 NAS

The Words of Lemuel

1 The words of King Lemuel, the oracle which his mother taught him:

References for Proverbs 31:1

    • a 31:1 - Or "burden"
      2 What, O my son? And what, O 1son of my womb? And what, O son of my 2vows?

      References for Proverbs 31:2

      3 3Do not give your strength to women, Or your ways to that which 4destroys kings.

      References for Proverbs 31:3

      4 It is not for 5kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to 6drink wine, Or for rulers to desire strong drink,

      References for Proverbs 31:4

      5 For they will drink and forget what is decreed, And 7pervert the rights of all the afflicted.

      References for Proverbs 31:5

        • b 31:5 - Lit "judgment"
        • c 31:5 - Lit "sons of affliction"
          6 Give strong drink to him who is 8perishing, And wine to him 9whose life is bitter.

          References for Proverbs 31:6

            • d 31:6 - Lit "bitter of soul"
              7 Let him drink and forget his poverty And remember his trouble no more.
              8 10Open your mouth for the mute, For the rights of all the unfortunate *.

              References for Proverbs 31:8

                • e 31:8 - Lit "judgment"
                • f 31:8 - Lit "sons of passing away"
                  9 Open your mouth, 11judge righteously, And defend the 12rights of the afflicted and needy.

                  References for Proverbs 31:9

                    • g 31:9 - Lit "judge the afflicted"

                      Description of a Worthy Woman

                      10 An 13excellent wife, who can find? For her worth is far 14above jewels.

                      References for Proverbs 31:10

                      11 The heart of her husband trusts in her, And he will have no lack of gain.
                      12 She does him good and not evil All the days of her life.
                      13 She looks for wool and flax And works with her hands in delight.

                      References for Proverbs 31:13

                          14 She is like 15merchant ships; She brings her food from afar.

                          References for Proverbs 31:14

                          15 She 16rises also while it is still night And 17gives food to her household And portions to her maidens.

                          References for Proverbs 31:15

                            • j 31:15 - Or "prescribed tasks"
                              16 She considers a field and buys it; From her earnings * she plants a vineyard.

                              References for Proverbs 31:16

                                • k 31:16 - Lit "the fruit of her palms"
                                  17 She 18girds herself with strength And makes her arms strong.

                                  References for Proverbs 31:17

                                  18 She senses that her gain is good; Her lamp does not go out at night.
                                  19 She stretches out her hands to the distaff, And her hands grasp the spindle.

                                  References for Proverbs 31:19

                                      20 She 19extends her hand to the poor, And she stretches out her hands to the needy.

                                      References for Proverbs 31:20

                                        • n 31:20 - Lit "spreads out her palm"
                                          21 She is not afraid of the snow for her household, For all her household are 20clothed with scarlet.

                                          References for Proverbs 31:21

                                          22 She makes 21coverings for herself; Her clothing is 22fine linen and 23purple.

                                          References for Proverbs 31:22

                                          23 Her husband is known 24in the gates, When he sits among the elders of the land.

                                          References for Proverbs 31:23

                                          24 She makes 25linen garments and sells them, And supplies belts to the tradesmen.

                                          References for Proverbs 31:24

                                              25 Strength and 26dignity are her clothing, And she smiles at the future *.

                                              References for Proverbs 31:25

                                                • q 31:25 - Lit "latter days"
                                                  26 She 27opens her mouth in wisdom, And the teaching of kindness is on her tongue.

                                                  References for Proverbs 31:26

                                                  27 She looks well to the ways of her household, And does not eat the 28bread of idleness.

                                                  References for Proverbs 31:27

                                                  28 Her children rise up and bless her; Her husband also, and he praises her, saying:
                                                  29 "Many daughters have done nobly, But you excel them all."
                                                  30 Charm is deceitful and beauty is vain, But a woman who 29fears the LORD, she shall be praised.

                                                  References for Proverbs 31:30

                                                    • s 31:30 - Or "reverences"
                                                      31 Give her the product of her hands, And let her works praise her in the gates.

                                                      References for Proverbs 31:31

                                                          Study tools for Proverbs 31

                                                          • a 31:1 - Or "burden"
                                                          • b 31:5 - Lit "judgment"
                                                          • c 31:5 - Lit "sons of affliction"
                                                          • d 31:6 - Lit "bitter of soul"
                                                          • e 31:8 - Lit "judgment"
                                                          • f 31:8 - Lit "sons of passing away"
                                                          • g 31:9 - Lit "judge the afflicted"
                                                          • h 31:13 - Lit "palms"
                                                          • i 31:13 - Or "willingly"
                                                          • j 31:15 - Or "prescribed tasks"
                                                          • k 31:16 - Lit "the fruit of her palms"
                                                          • l 31:17 - Lit "her loins"
                                                          • m 31:19 - Lit "palms"
                                                          • n 31:20 - Lit "spreads out her palm"
                                                          • o 31:24 - Lit "gives"
                                                          • p 31:24 - Lit "Canaanite"
                                                          • q 31:25 - Lit "latter days"
                                                          • r 31:26 - Or "law"
                                                          • s 31:30 - Or "reverences"
                                                          • t 31:31 - Lit "fruit"