Praise is the business of the sabbath. (1-6) The wicked shall perish, but God's people shall be exalted. (7-15)
Verses 1-6 It is a privilege that we are admitted to praise the Lord, and hope to be accepted in the morning, and every night; not only on sabbath days, but every day; not only in public, but in private, and in our families. Let us give thanks every morning for the mercies of the night, and every night for the mercies of the day; going out, and coming in, let us bless God. As He makes us glad, through the works of his providence for us, and of his grace in us, and both through the great work of redemption, let us hence be encouraged. As there are many who know not the designs of Providence, nor care to know them, those who through grace do so, have the more reason to be thankful. And if distant views of the great Deliverer so animated believers of old, how should we abound in love and praise!
Verses 7-15 God sometimes grants prosperity to wicked men in displeasure; yet they flourish but for a moment. Let us seek for ourselves the salvation and grace of the gospel, that being daily anointed by the Holy Spirit, we may behold and share the Redeemer's glory. It is from his grace, by his word and Spirit, that believers receive all the virtue that keeps them alive, and makes them fruitful. Other trees, when old, leave off bearing, but in God's trees the strength of grace does not fail with the strength of nature. The last days of the saints are sometimes their best days, and their last work their best work: perseverance is sure evidence of sincerity. And may every sabbath, while it shows forth the Divine faithfulness, find our souls resting more and more upon the Lord our righteousness.
Psalms 92:1-15 . should be praised for His righteous judgments on the wicked and His care and defense of His people. Such a topic, at all times proper, is specially so for the reflections of the Sabbath day.
1. sing . . . name--celebrate Thy perfections.
2. in the morning, . . . every night--diligently and constantly ( Psalms 42:8 ).
loving kindness--literally, "mercy."
faithfulness--in fulfilling promises ( Psalms 89:14 ).
3. In such a work all proper aid must be used.
with a . . . sound--or, on Higgaion perhaps an instrument of that name, from its sound resembling the muttered sound of meditation, as expressed also by the word. This is joined with the harp.
4. thy work--that is of providence ( Psalms 90:16 Psalms 90:17 ).
5. great . . . works--correspond to deep or vast thoughts ( Psalms 40:5 , Romans 11:23 ).
6. A brutish man knoweth not--that is, God's works, so the Psalmist describes himself ( Psalms 73:22 ) when amazed by the prosperity of the wicked, now understood and explained.
8. This he does in part, by contrasting their ruin with God's exaltation and eternity.
most high--as occupying the highest place in heaven ( Psalms 7:7 , 18:16 ).
9, 10. A further contrast with the wicked, in the lot of the righteous, safety and triumph.
10. horn . . . exalt--is to increase power ( Psalms 75:5 ).
anointed . . . fresh--or, "new"
oil--( Psalms 23:5 ) a figure for refreshment (compare Luke 7:46 ). Such use of oil is still common in the East.
11. see . . . [and] . . . hear my desire--or, literally, "look on" my enemies and hear of the wicked (compare Psalms 27:11 , 54:7 )--that is, I shall be gratified by their fall.
12-14. The vigorous growth, longevity, utility, fragrance, and beauty of these noble trees, set forth the life, character, and destiny of the pious;
15. and they thus declare God's glory as their strong and righteous ruler.