The next day Holofernes commanded all his army, and all his people who had come to take his part, that they should move their camp against Bethulia to take beforehand the ascents of the hill country, and to make war against the children of Israel.
Then their strong men moved their camps in that day, and the army of the men of war was a hundred and seventy thousand footmen and twelve thousand horsemen, besides the baggage and other men who were on foot among them, a very great multitude.
And they camped in the valley near unto Bethulia, by the fountain, and they spread themselves in breadth over Dothan even to Belmaim, and in length from Bethulia unto Cyamon, which is over against Esdraelon.
Now the children of Israel, when they saw the multitude of them, were greatly troubled, and said every one to his neighbor, "Now will these men lick up the face of the earth; for neither the high mountains, nor the valleys, nor the hills are able to bear their weight."
Then every man took up his weapons of war and, when they had kindled fires upon their towers, they remained and watched all that night.
But on the second day Holofernes brought forth all his horsemen in the sight of the children of Israel who were in Bethulia,
and viewed the passages up to the city, and came to the fountain of their waters, and took them and set garrisons of men of war over them; and he himself removed toward his people.
Then came unto him all the chief of the children of Esau, and all the governors of the people of Moab, and the captains of the seacoast, and said,
"Let our lord now hear a word, that there be not an overthrow in thine army.
For this people of the children of Israel do not trust in their spears but in the height of the mountains wherein they dwell, because it is not easy to come up to the tops of their mountains.
Now therefore, my lord, fight not against them in battle array, and there shall not so much as one man of thy people perish.
Remain in thy camp, and keep all the men of thine army, and let thy servants get into their hands the fountain of water which issueth forth from the foot of the mountain;
for all the inhabitants of Bethulia have their water from thence. So shall thirst kill them, and they shall give up their city; and we and our people shall go up to the tops of the mountains that are near, and will camp upon them to watch that none go out of the city.
So they and their wives and their children shall be consumed with famine and, before the sword come against them, they shall be overthrown in the streets where they dwell.
Thus shalt thou render them an evil reward, because they rebelled and met not thy person peaceably."
And these words pleased Holofernes and all his servants, and he appointed to do as they had spoken.
So the camp of the children of Ammon departed, and with them five thousand of the Assyrians; and they pitched camp in the valley, and took the waters and the fountains of the waters of the children of Israel.
Then the children of Esau went up with the children of Ammon and camped in the hill country opposite Dothan; and they sent some of them toward the south and toward the east opposite Ekrebel, which is near unto Chusi, that is upon the Brook Mochmur. And the rest of the army of the Assyrians camped in the plain and covered the face of the whole land, and their tents and baggage were set in order for a very great multitude.
Then the children of Israel cried unto the Lord their God, because their heart failed; for all their enemies had compassed them round about, and there was no way to escape out from among them.
Thus all the company of Assyria remained about them, both their footmen, chariots and horsemen, four and thirty days, so that all their vessels of water failed all the inhabitants of Bethulia.
And the cisterns were emptied, and they had not water to drink their fill for one day, for they gave them drink by measure.
Therefore their young children were disheartened, and their women and young men fainted for thirst and fell down in the streets of the city and by the passages of the gates, and there was no longer any strength in them.
Then all the people assembled to Uzziah and to the chief of the city, both young men and women and children, and cried with a loud voice and said before all the elders,
"God be judge between us and you! For ye have done us great injury, in that ye have not required peace with the children of Assyria.
For now we have no helper; but God hath sold us into their hands, that we should be thrown down before them with thirst and great destruction.
Now therefore call them unto you, and deliver the whole city as a spoil to the people of Holofernes and to all his army.
For it is better for us to be made a spoil unto them than to die of thirst; for we will be his servants, that our souls may live, and not see the death of our infants before our eyes, nor our wives nor our children to die.
We take as witness against you the heaven and the earth, and our God and Lord of our fathers, who punisheth us according to our sins and the sins of our fathers, that Holofernes do not according as we have said this day."
Then there was great weeping with one consent in the midst of the assembly; and they cried unto the Lord God with a loud voice.
Then said Uzziah to them, "Brethren, be of good courage. Let us yet endure five days, in which space the Lord our God may turn His mercy toward us; for He will not forsake us utterly.
And if these days pass and there come no help unto us, I will do according to your word."
And he dispersed the people, every one to their own charge; and they went unto the walls and towers of their city, and sent the women and children into their houses. And they were brought very low in the city.