Genesis 31 TNIV

Jacob Flees From Laban

1 Jacob heard that Laban's sons1 were saying, "Jacob has taken everything our father owned and has gained all this wealth from what belonged to our father."2

References for Genesis 31:1

2 And Jacob noticed that Laban's attitude toward him was not what it had been.3

References for Genesis 31:2

3 Then the LORD said to Jacob, "Go back4 to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I will be with you."5

References for Genesis 31:3

4 So Jacob sent word to Rachel and Leah to come out to the fields where his flocks were.
5 He said to them, "I see that your father's6 attitude toward me is not what it was before,7 but the God of my father has been with me.8

References for Genesis 31:5

      6 You know that I've worked for your father with all my strength,9

      References for Genesis 31:6

      7 yet your father has cheated10 me by changing my wages11 ten times.12 However, God has not allowed him to harm me.13

      References for Genesis 31:7

          8 If he said, 'The speckled ones will be your wages,' then all the flocks gave birth to speckled young; and if he said, 'The streaked ones will be your wages,'14 then all the flocks bore streaked young.

          References for Genesis 31:8

          9 So God has taken away your father's livestock15 and has given them to me.16

          References for Genesis 31:9

          10 "In breeding season I once had a dream17 in which I looked up and saw that the male goats mating with the flock were streaked, speckled or spotted.

          References for Genesis 31:10

          11 The angel of God18 said to me in the dream,19 'Jacob.' I answered, 'Here I am.'20

          References for Genesis 31:11

          12 And he said, 'Look up and see that all the male goats mating with the flock are streaked, speckled or spotted,21 for I have seen all that Laban has been doing to you.22

          References for Genesis 31:12

          13 I am the God of Bethel,23 where you anointed a pillar24 and where you made a vow25 to me. Now leave this land at once and go back to your native land.26' "

          References for Genesis 31:13

          14 Then Rachel and Leah replied, "Do we still have any share27 in the inheritance of our father's estate?

          References for Genesis 31:14

          15 Does he not regard us as foreigners?28 Not only has he sold us, but he has used up what was paid for us.29

          References for Genesis 31:15

          16 Surely all the wealth that God took away from our father belongs to us and our children.30 So do whatever God has told you."

          References for Genesis 31:16

          17 Then Jacob put his children and his wives31 on camels,32

          References for Genesis 31:17

          18 and he drove all his livestock ahead of him, along with all the goods he had accumulated33 in Paddan Aram,a34 to go to his father Isaac35 in the land of Canaan.36

          References for Genesis 31:18

            • a 31:18 - That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
              19 When Laban had gone to shear his sheep,37 Rachel stole her father's household gods.38

              References for Genesis 31:19

              20 Moreover, Jacob deceived39 Laban the Aramean40 by not telling him he was running away.41

              References for Genesis 31:20

                  21 So he fled42 with all he had, crossed the Euphrates River,43 and headed for the hill country of Gilead.44

                  References for Genesis 31:21

                  Laban Pursues Jacob

                  22 On the third day45 Laban was told that Jacob had fled.46

                  References for Genesis 31:22

                      23 Taking his relatives47 with him48, he pursued Jacob for seven days and caught up with him in the hill country of Gilead.49

                      References for Genesis 31:23

                          24 Then God came to Laban the Aramean50 in a dream at night and said to him,51 "Be careful not to say anything to Jacob, either good or bad."52

                          References for Genesis 31:24

                          25 Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead53 when Laban overtook him, and Laban and his relatives camped there too.

                          References for Genesis 31:25

                              26 Then Laban said to Jacob, "What have you done?54 You've deceived me,55 and you've carried off my daughters like captives in war.56

                              References for Genesis 31:26

                              27 Why did you run off secretly and deceive me? Why didn't you tell me,57 so I could send you away with joy and singing to the music of timbrels58 and harps?59

                              References for Genesis 31:27

                              28 You didn't even let me kiss my grandchildren and my daughters good-by.60 You have done a foolish thing.

                              References for Genesis 31:28

                              29 I have the power to harm you;61 but last night the God of your father62 said to me, 'Be careful not to say anything to Jacob, either good or bad.'63

                              References for Genesis 31:29

                                  30 Now you have gone off because you longed to return to your father's household.64 But why did you steal65 my gods?66"

                                  References for Genesis 31:30

                                  31 Jacob answered Laban, "I was afraid, because I thought you would take your daughters away from me by force.67

                                  References for Genesis 31:31

                                  32 But if you find anyone who has your gods, that one shall not live.68 In the presence of our relatives, see for yourself whether there is anything of yours here with me; and if so, take it." Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen the gods.69

                                  References for Genesis 31:32

                                      33 So Laban went into Jacob's tent and into Leah's tent70 and into the tent of the two female servants,71 but he found nothing.72 After he came out of Leah's tent, he entered Rachel's tent.

                                      References for Genesis 31:33

                                          34 Now Rachel had taken the household gods73 and put them inside her camel's saddle74 and was sitting on them. Laban searched75 through everything in the tent but found nothing.

                                          References for Genesis 31:34

                                              35 Rachel said to her father, "Don't be angry, my lord, that I cannot stand up in your presence;76 I'm having my period.77" So he searched but could not find the household gods.78

                                              References for Genesis 31:35

                                              36 Jacob was angry and took Laban to task. "What is my crime?" he asked Laban. "How have I wronged79 you that you hunt me down?80

                                              References for Genesis 31:36

                                              37 Now that you have searched through all my goods, what have you found that belongs to your household?81 Put it here in front of your relatives82 and mine, and let them judge between the two of us.83

                                              References for Genesis 31:37

                                                  38 "I have been with you for twenty years now.84 Your sheep and goats have not miscarried,85 nor have I eaten rams from your flocks.

                                                  References for Genesis 31:38

                                                  39 I did not bring you animals torn by wild beasts; I bore the loss myself. And you demanded payment from me for whatever was stolen86 by day or night.87

                                                  References for Genesis 31:39

                                                  40 This was my situation: The heat consumed me in the daytime and the cold at night, and sleep fled from my eyes.88

                                                  References for Genesis 31:40

                                                  41 It was like this for the twenty years89 I was in your household. I worked for you fourteen years for your two daughters90 and six years for your flocks,91 and you changed my wages92 ten times.93

                                                  References for Genesis 31:41

                                                      42 If the God of my father,94 the God of Abraham95 and the Fear of Isaac,96 had not been with me,97 you would surely have sent me away empty-handed. But God has seen my hardship and the toil of my hands,98 and last night he rebuked you.99"

                                                      References for Genesis 31:42

                                                      43 Laban answered Jacob, "The women are my daughters, the children are my children, and the flocks are my flocks.100 All you see is mine. Yet what can I do today about these daughters of mine, or about the children they have borne?

                                                      References for Genesis 31:43

                                                      44 Come now, let's make a covenant,101 you and I, and let it serve as a witness between us."102

                                                      References for Genesis 31:44

                                                      45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a pillar.103

                                                      References for Genesis 31:45

                                                      46 He said to his relatives, "Gather some stones." So they took stones and piled them in a heap,104 and they ate there by the heap.

                                                      References for Genesis 31:46

                                                        • 104 31:46 - ver 48,51,52
                                                          47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, and Jacob called it Galeed.b105

                                                          References for Genesis 31:47

                                                            • b 31:47 - The Aramaic "Jegar Sahadutha" and the Hebrew "Galeed" both mean "witness heap."
                                                              48 Laban said, "This heap106 is a witness between you and me today."107 That is why it was called Galeed.

                                                              References for Genesis 31:48

                                                                  49 It was also called Mizpah,c108 because he said, "May the LORD keep watch between you and me when we are away from each other.

                                                                  References for Genesis 31:49

                                                                    • c 31:49 - "Mizpah" means "watchtower."
                                                                      50 If you mistreat109 my daughters or if you take any wives besides my daughters, even though no one is with us, remember that God is a witness110 between you and me."111

                                                                      References for Genesis 31:50

                                                                      51 Laban also said to Jacob, "Here is this heap,112 and here is this pillar113 I have set up between you and me.

                                                                      References for Genesis 31:51

                                                                          52 This heap is a witness, and this pillar is a witness,114 that I will not go past this heap to your side to harm you and that you will not go past this heap115 and pillar to my side to harm me.116

                                                                          References for Genesis 31:52

                                                                              53 May the God of Abraham117 and the God of Nahor,118 the God of their father, judge between us."119 So Jacob took an oath120 in the name of the Fear of his father Isaac.121

                                                                              References for Genesis 31:53

                                                                                  54 He offered a sacrifice122 there in the hill country and invited his relatives to a meal.123 After they had eaten, they spent the night there.

                                                                                  References for Genesis 31:54

                                                                                  55 Early the next morning Laban kissed his grandchildren and his daughters124 and blessed125 them. Then he left and returned home.126

                                                                                  References for Genesis 31:55