2 Chronicles 36:9-21

Jehoiachin King of Judah

9 Jehoiachin was eighteen[a] years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months and ten days. He did evil in the eyes of the LORD.
10 In the spring, King Nebuchadnezzar sent for him and brought him to Babylon, together with articles of value from the temple of the LORD, and he made Jehoiachin’s uncle,[b] Zedekiah, king over Judah and Jerusalem.

Zedekiah King of Judah

11 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years.
12 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD his God and did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke the word of the LORD.
13 He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him take an oath in God’s name. He became stiff-necked and hardened his heart and would not turn to the LORD, the God of Israel.
14 Furthermore, all the leaders of the priests and the people became more and more unfaithful, following all the detestable practices of the nations and defiling the temple of the LORD, which he had consecrated in Jerusalem.

The Fall of Jerusalem

15 The LORD, the God of their ancestors, sent word to them through his messengers again and again, because he had pity on his people and on his dwelling place.
16 But they mocked God’s messengers, despised his words and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of the LORD was aroused against his people and there was no remedy.
17 He brought up against them the king of the Babylonians,[c] who killed their young men with the sword in the sanctuary, and did not spare young men or young women, the elderly or the infirm. God gave them all into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar.
18 He carried to Babylon all the articles from the temple of God, both large and small, and the treasures of the LORD’s temple and the treasures of the king and his officials.
19 They set fire to God’s temple and broke down the wall of Jerusalem; they burned all the palaces and destroyed everything of value there.
20 He carried into exile to Babylon the remnant, who escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and his successors until the kingdom of Persia came to power.
21 The land enjoyed its sabbath rests; all the time of its desolation it rested, until the seventy years were completed in fulfillment of the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah.

2 Chronicles 36:9-21 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 36

This chapter records the reigns of the four kings of Judah, and the captivity of the Jews, the short reign of Jehoahaz, deposed by the king of Egypt, and his brother Eliakim or Jehoiakim set up in his room, 2Ch 36:1-4, the reign of Jehoiakim, who was bound and carried away by Nebuchadnezzar, 2Ch 36:5-8, the reign of Jehoiachin his son, who also in a short time was taken and carried to Babylon by the same king, 2Ch 36:9,10, the reign of Zedekiah, who also rebelled against the king of Babylon, and he and his people were taken and carried captive by him for his sins, which are here mentioned, according to the prophecy of Jeremiah, and where the Jews continued until the reign of the kingdom of Persia, 2Ch 36:11-21 and the chapter is concluded with the proclamation of Cyrus king of Persia, and with which also the next book begins, 2Ch 36:22,23.

\\Josiah\\ Of whose reign, and of the three following, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah, and the account of them, from hence to the end of 2Ch 36:13, what needs explanation or reconciliation, \\See Gill on "2Ki 23:31"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 23:32"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 23:33"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 23:34"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 23:35"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 23:36"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 23:37"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 24:5"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 24:6"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 24:8"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 24:10"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 24:17"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 24:18"\\ 19953-950201-1301-2Ch36.2

2 Chronicles 36:9-21 In-Context

7 Nebuchadnezzar also took to Babylon articles from the temple of the LORD and put them in his temple there.
8 The other events of Jehoiakim’s reign, the detestable things he did and all that was found against him, are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. And Jehoiachin his son succeeded him as king.
9 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months and ten days. He did evil in the eyes of the LORD.
10 In the spring, King Nebuchadnezzar sent for him and brought him to Babylon, together with articles of value from the temple of the LORD, and he made Jehoiachin’s uncle, Zedekiah, king over Judah and Jerusalem.
11 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years.
12 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD his God and did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke the word of the LORD.
13 He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him take an oath in God’s name. He became stiff-necked and hardened his heart and would not turn to the LORD, the God of Israel.
14 Furthermore, all the leaders of the priests and the people became more and more unfaithful, following all the detestable practices of the nations and defiling the temple of the LORD, which he had consecrated in Jerusalem.
15 The LORD, the God of their ancestors, sent word to them through his messengers again and again, because he had pity on his people and on his dwelling place.
16 But they mocked God’s messengers, despised his words and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of the LORD was aroused against his people and there was no remedy.
17 He brought up against them the king of the Babylonians, who killed their young men with the sword in the sanctuary, and did not spare young men or young women, the elderly or the infirm. God gave them all into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar.
18 He carried to Babylon all the articles from the temple of God, both large and small, and the treasures of the LORD’s temple and the treasures of the king and his officials.
19 They set fire to God’s temple and broke down the wall of Jerusalem; they burned all the palaces and destroyed everything of value there.
20 He carried into exile to Babylon the remnant, who escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and his successors until the kingdom of Persia came to power.
21 The land enjoyed its sabbath rests; all the time of its desolation it rested, until the seventy years were completed in fulfillment of the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah.
22 In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah, the LORD moved the heart of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and also to put it in writing:
23 “This is what Cyrus king of Persia says: “ ‘The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and he has appointed me to build a temple for him at Jerusalem in Judah. Any of his people among you may go up, and may the LORD their God be with them.’ ”

Cross References 28

  • 1. Jeremiah 22:24-28; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 27:20; Jeremiah 29:21; Jeremiah 52:31
  • 2. ver 18; S 2 Kings 20:17; Ezra 1:7; Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 14:18; Jeremiah 21:7; Jeremiah 22:25; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 27:16,20,22; Jeremiah 29:1; Jeremiah 34:21; Jeremiah 40:1; Jeremiah 37:1; Ezekiel 17:12; Daniel 5:2
  • 3. S 2 Kings 24:17; Jeremiah 27:1; Jeremiah 28:1; Jeremiah 34:2; Jeremiah 37:1; Jeremiah 39:1
  • 4. Jer 37:1-39:18
  • 5. S Deuteronomy 8:3; 2 Chronicles 7:14; 2 Chronicles 33:23; Jeremiah 44:10; Jeremiah 21:3-7
  • 6. Ezekiel 17:13
  • 7. S Exodus 32:9; S Deuteronomy 9:27; 2 Kings 17:14; 2 Chronicles 30:8
  • 8. S 1 Chronicles 5:25
  • 9. Isaiah 5:4; Isaiah 44:26; Jeremiah 7:25; Haggai 1:13; Zechariah 1:4; Malachi 2:7; Malachi 3:1; S Matthew 5:12
  • 10. Jeremiah 7:13,25; Jeremiah 11:7; Jeremiah 25:3-4; Jeremiah 35:14,15; Jeremiah 44:4-6
  • 11. S 2 Kings 2:23; Job 8:2; Proverbs 1:25; Isaiah 28:14,22; Isaiah 29:20; Isaiah 57:4; Jeremiah 5:13; Jeremiah 43:2; Micah 2:11
  • 12. Ezra 5:12; Proverbs 1:30-31; Jeremiah 44:3
  • 13. 2 Chronicles 30:10; Nehemiah 9:30; Proverbs 29:1; Jeremiah 7:26; Jeremiah 20:8; Jeremiah 25:4; Jeremiah 30:12; Daniel 9:6; Zechariah 1:2
  • 14. S Genesis 10:10
  • 15. Jeremiah 6:11; Jeremiah 9:21; Jeremiah 18:21; Jeremiah 44:7
  • 16. S Deuteronomy 32:25; Jeremiah 51:22
  • 17. Ezra 5:12; Jeremiah 32:28; Lamentations 2:21; Ezekiel 9:6; Ezekiel 23:47
  • 18. S ver 7; S ver 10; ver 7,10; Jeremiah 27:20
  • 19. Jeremiah 11:16; Jeremiah 17:27; Jeremiah 21:10,14; Jeremiah 22:7; Jeremiah 32:29; Jeremiah 39:8; Lamentations 4:11; Ezekiel 20:47; Amos 2:5; Zechariah 11:1
  • 20. 1 Kings 9:8-9
  • 21. S 2 Kings 14:13
  • 22. Lamentations 2:6
  • 23. Psalms 79:1-3
  • 24. S Leviticus 26:44; S 2 Kings 24:14; Ezra 2:1; Nehemiah 7:6
  • 25. Jeremiah 27:7
  • 26. S Leviticus 25:4; Leviticus 26:34
  • 27. S 1 Chronicles 22:9
  • 28. Jeremiah 1:1; Jeremiah 25:11; Jeremiah 27:22; Jeremiah 29:10; Jeremiah 40:1; Daniel 9:2; Zechariah 1:12; Zechariah 7:5

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. One Hebrew manuscript, some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also 2 Kings 24:8); most Hebrew manuscripts "eight"
  • [b]. Hebrew "brother," that is, relative (see 2 Kings 24:17)
  • [c]. Or "Chaldeans"