1Now the first covenant had regulations for worship and also an earthly sanctuary.2A tabernacle was set up. In its first room were the lampstand and the table with its consecrated bread; this was called the Holy Place.3Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place,4which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron’s staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant.5Above the ark were the cherubim of the Glory, overshadowing the atonement cover. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now.6When everything had been arranged like this, the priests entered regularly into the outer room to carry on their ministry.7But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance.8The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still functioning.9This is an illustration for the present time, indicating that the gifts and sacrifices being offered were not able to clear the conscience of the worshiper.10They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings—external regulations applying until the time of the new order.
11But when Christ came as high priest of the good things that are now already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not made with human hands, that is to say, is not a part of this creation.12He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, thus obtaining eternal redemption.13The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean.14How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!15For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance—now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.16In the case of a will, it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it,17because a will is in force only when somebody has died; it never takes effect while the one who made it is living.18This is why even the first covenant was not put into effect without blood.19When Moses had proclaimed every command of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves, together with water, scarlet wool and branches of hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll and all the people.20He said, “This is the blood of the covenant, which God has commanded you to keep.”21In the same way, he sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies.22In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.
28Now when the LORD spoke to Moses in Egypt,29he said to him, “I am the LORD. Tell Pharaoh king of Egypt everything I tell you.”30But Moses said to the LORD, “Since I speak with faltering lips, why would Pharaoh listen to me?”
1Then the LORD said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet.2You are to say everything I command you, and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go out of his country.3But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in Egypt,4he will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and with mighty acts of judgment I will bring out my divisions, my people the Israelites.5And the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring the Israelites out of it.”6Moses and Aaron did just as the LORD commanded them.7Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three when they spoke to Pharaoh.
8The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,9“When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Perform a miracle,’ then say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down before Pharaoh,’ and it will become a snake.”10So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did just as the LORD commanded. Aaron threw his staff down in front of Pharaoh and his officials, and it became a snake.11Pharaoh then summoned wise men and sorcerers, and the Egyptian magicians also did the same things by their secret arts:12Each one threw down his staff and it became a snake. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs.13Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard and he would not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.
14Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is unyielding; he refuses to let the people go.15Go to Pharaoh in the morning as he goes out to the river. Confront him on the bank of the Nile, and take in your hand the staff that was changed into a snake.16Then say to him, ‘The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to say to you: Let my people go, so that they may worship me in the wilderness. But until now you have not listened.17This is what the LORD says: By this you will know that I am the LORD: With the staff that is in my hand I will strike the water of the Nile, and it will be changed into blood.18The fish in the Nile will die, and the river will stink; the Egyptians will not be able to drink its water.’ ”19The LORD said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt—over the streams and canals, over the ponds and all the reservoirs—and they will turn to blood.’ Blood will be everywhere in Egypt, even in vessels of wood and stone.”20Moses and Aaron did just as the LORD had commanded. He raised his staff in the presence of Pharaoh and his officials and struck the water of the Nile, and all the water was changed into blood.21The fish in the Nile died, and the river smelled so bad that the Egyptians could not drink its water. Blood was everywhere in Egypt.22But the Egyptian magicians did the same things by their secret arts, and Pharaoh’s heart became hard; he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.23Instead, he turned and went into his palace, and did not take even this to heart.24And all the Egyptians dug along the Nile to get drinking water, because they could not drink the water of the river.25Seven days passed after the LORD struck the Nile.
1Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the LORD says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me.2If you refuse to let them go, I will send a plague of frogs on your whole country.3The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people, and into your ovens and kneading troughs.4The frogs will come up on you and your people and all your officials.’ ”5Then the LORD said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with your staff over the streams and canals and ponds, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt.’ ”6So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land.7But the magicians did the same things by their secret arts; they also made frogs come up on the land of Egypt.8Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray to the LORD to take the frogs away from me and my people, and I will let your people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD.”9Moses said to Pharaoh, “I leave to you the honor of setting the time for me to pray for you and your officials and your people that you and your houses may be rid of the frogs, except for those that remain in the Nile.”10“Tomorrow,” Pharaoh said. Moses replied, “It will be as you say, so that you may know there is no one like the LORD our God.11The frogs will leave you and your houses, your officials and your people; they will remain only in the Nile.”12After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh, Moses cried out to the LORD about the frogs he had brought on Pharaoh.13And the LORD did what Moses asked. The frogs died in the houses, in the courtyards and in the fields.14They were piled into heaps, and the land reeked of them.15But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.
16Then the LORD said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the ground,’ and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats.”17They did this, and when Aaron stretched out his hand with the staff and struck the dust of the ground, gnats came on people and animals. All the dust throughout the land of Egypt became gnats.18But when the magicians tried to produce gnats by their secret arts, they could not. Since the gnats were on people and animals everywhere,19the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s heart was hard and he would not listen, just as the LORD had said.
20Then the LORD said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and confront Pharaoh as he goes to the river and say to him, ‘This is what the LORD says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me.21If you do not let my people go, I will send swarms of flies on you and your officials, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies; even the ground will be covered with them.22“ ‘But on that day I will deal differently with the land of Goshen, where my people live; no swarms of flies will be there, so that you will know that I, the LORD, am in this land.23I will make a distinction between my people and your people. This sign will occur tomorrow.’ ”24And the LORD did this. Dense swarms of flies poured into Pharaoh’s palace and into the houses of his officials; throughout Egypt the land was ruined by the flies.25Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God here in the land.”26But Moses said, “That would not be right. The sacrifices we offer the LORD our God would be detestable to the Egyptians. And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in their eyes, will they not stone us?27We must take a three-day journey into the wilderness to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God, as he commands us.”28Pharaoh said, “I will let you go to offer sacrifices to the LORD your God in the wilderness, but you must not go very far. Now pray for me.”29Moses answered, “As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the LORD, and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. Only let Pharaoh be sure that he does not act deceitfully again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD.”30Then Moses left Pharaoh and prayed to the LORD,31and the LORD did what Moses asked. The flies left Pharaoh and his officials and his people; not a fly remained.32But this time also Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not let the people go.
1My son, if you accept my words and store up my commands within you,2turning your ear to wisdom and applying your heart to understanding—3indeed, if you call out for insight and cry aloud for understanding,4and if you look for it as for silver and search for it as for hidden treasure,5then you will understand the fear of the LORDand find the knowledge of God.6For the LORD gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.7He holds success in store for the upright, he is a shield to those whose walk is blameless,8for he guards the course of the just and protects the way of his faithful ones.9Then you will understand what is right and just and fair—every good path.10For wisdom will enter your heart, and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul.11Discretion will protect you, and understanding will guard you.12Wisdom will save you from the ways of wicked men, from men whose words are perverse,13who have left the straight paths to walk in dark ways,14who delight in doing wrong and rejoice in the perverseness of evil,15whose paths are crooked and who are devious in their ways.16Wisdom will save you also from the adulterous woman, from the wayward woman with her seductive words,17who has left the partner of her youth and ignored the covenant she made before God.18Surely her house leads down to death and her paths to the spirits of the dead.19None who go to her return or attain the paths of life.20Thus you will walk in the ways of the good and keep to the paths of the righteous.21For the upright will live in the land, and the blameless will remain in it;22but the wicked will be cut off from the land, and the unfaithful will be torn from it.