5:1 The 1 elders which are among you 2 I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:
(1) He describes peculiarly the office of the Elders, that is to say, of them that have the care of the Church. (2) He uses a preface concerning the circumstance of his own person: that is, that he as their companion communes with them not of manners which he knows not, but in which he is as well experienced as any, and propounds to them no other condition but that which he himself has sustained before them, and still takes the same trouble, and also has the same hope together with them. 5:2 3 a Feed the 4 flock of God which is 5 among you, 6 taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
(3) The first rule: he that is a shepherd let him feed the flock. 5:3 Neither as being lords over [Gods] b heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.
(4) The second: Let not shepherd consider, that the flock is not his, but Gods. (5) The third: Let not shepherds invade other mens flocks, but let them feed that which God hath committed unto them. (6) Let the shepherds govern the Church with the word and example of godly and unblamable life, not by force but willingly, not for greedy gain, but with a ready mind, not as lords over Gods portion and heritage, but as his ministers.
(b) Which is the Christian people. 5:4 7 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
(7) That the shepherds minds are not overcome either with the wickedness of men, or their cruelty, he warns them to continually look at the chief shepherd, and the crown which is laid up for them in heaven. 5:5 8 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all [of you] be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: 9 for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.
(8) He commends many peculiar Christian virtues, and especially modesty: an admonition all of us need, but especially the younger ones by reason of the perverseness and pride of that age. (9) Because pride seems to many to be the way to the glory of this life, the apostle testifies to the opposite, that dishonour and shame is the reward of pride, and glory the reward of modesty. 5:6 Humble yourselves therefore 10 under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:
5:8 11 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
(10) Because those proud and lofty spirits threaten the modest and humble, the apostle warns us to set the power of God against the vanity of proud men, and to rely completely on his providence.
5:9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, 12 knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your c brethren that are in the world.
(11) The cruelty of Satan, who seeks by all means to devour us, is overcome by watchfulness and faith.
5:10 13 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].
(12) The persecutions which Satan stirs up, are neither new nor proper to any one man, but from old and ancient times common to the whole Church, and therefore we must suffer patiently, in which we have such and so many fellows of our conflicts and combats.
(c) Amongst your brethren which are dispersed throughout the world.
5:12 14 By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.
(13) He seals up as with a seal the former exhortation with a solemn prayer, again willing them to ask increase of strength at his hands, of whom they had the beginning, and hope to have the accomplishment: that is, of God the Father in Christ Jesus, in whom we are sure of the glory of eternal life.
5:13 15 The [church that is] at d Babylon, elected together with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Marcus my son.
(14) Continuance and perseverance in the doctrine of the apostles is the only ground and foundation of Christian strength: Now the sum of the apostles doctrine, is salvation freely given by God.
(15) Familiar salutations.
(d) In that famous city of Assyria, where Peter the apostle of circumcision then was.