Nor thine ox, nor thine ass
In ( Exodus 20:10 ) , it is only in general said,
nor thy cattle:
here by way of illustration and explanation the ox and the ass are particularly mentioned; the one being used in ploughing ground, and treading out the corn, and the other in carrying burdens; and it is added,
nor any of thy cattle;
as their camels, or whatever else they were wont to use in any kind of service; they were none of them to do any kind of work on the sabbath day. The following clause also is not used before, which expresses the end of this institution:
that thy manservant and thy maidservant may have rest as well as
which if the cattle had not rest, they could not have, being obliged to attend them at the plough or elsewhere; and this respects not only hired, but bond servants and maidens.