Always rejoicing (aei caironte). Even in sorrow ( 2 John 11:9 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:16 ; Romans 5:3-5 ; Romans 9:2 ; Philippians 2:18 Philippians 2:27 ; Philippians 3:1 ; Philippians 4:4 Philippians 4:15 ). Yet making many rich (pollou de ploutizonte). Old word from plouto (wealth), to enrich. Spiritual riches Paul has in mind as in 1 Corinthians 1:5 (cf. Matthew 5:37 ). As having nothing and yet possessing all things (w mhden econte kai panta kateconte). Contrast between mhden (nothing) and panta (all things, cf. 1 Corinthians 3:22 ) and ecw (to have) and katecw (to hold down, to hold fast). Play on words (simple and compound) as in 1 Corinthians 3:2 ; 1 Corinthians 4:8 . Climax of Paul's panegyric on the Christian ministry. He now resumes the thread of the story broken off in 1 Corinthians 2:14 .