1 Kings 1

The Book of 1 Kings
Chapter 1

Chapter Overview:

David declines in health, ver. 1 - 4.
Adonijah aspires to the kingdom, ver. 5 - 10.
Nathan and Bathsheba procure an order for the succession of Solomon, ver. 11 - 31.
The anointing of Solomon, and the peoples joy, ver. 32 - 40.
The dispersion of Adonijah's party, ver. 41 - 49.
Solomon dismisses Adonijah, ver. 50 - 53.
1:1Old - Being in the end of his seventieth year. No heat - Which is not strange in a person who had been exercised with so many hardships inwar, and with such tormenting cares, and fears, and sorrows, for his own sins(as divers of his Psalms witness) and for the sins and miseries of hischildren and people. Besides, this might be from the nature of his bodilydistemper.
1:2Servants - His physicians. Virgin - Whose natural heat is fresh and wholesome, and not impaired with bearing or breeding of children.The same counsel doth Galen give for the cure of some cold and drydistempers. Stand - That is, minister unto him, or wait upon him, in hissickness, as occasion requires. Lie in his bosom - As his wife: for thatshe was so, may appear by divers arguments. First, otherwise this had beena wicked course; which therefore neither his servants durst have prescribed,nor would David have used, especially being now in a dying condition.Secondly, it appears from this phrase of lying in his bosom, which iseverywhere in scripture mentioned as the privilege of a wife. Thirdly,this made Adonijah's crime in desiring her to wife, so heinous inSolomon's account, because he saw, that by marrying the king's wife hedesigned to revive his pretence to the kingdom.
1:4Knew her not - Which is mentioned to note the continuance and progress of the king's malady.
1:5Then - Upon notice of the desperateness of the king's disease, and the approach of his death. Exalted - Entertained high thoughts anddesigns. I will - As the right of the kingdom is mine, ver. 6 , so Iwill now take possession of it. Prepared - As Absalom had done uponthe like occasion, 15:1 .
1:6Displeased him - This is noted as David's great error, and the occasion of Adonijah's presumption. Saying - He neither restrainedhim from, nor reproved him for his miscarriages: which David well knewwas a great sin. Goodly man - This was a second ground of his confidence,because his great comeliness made him amiable in the peoples eyes.
1:7They helped - Either because they thought the right of the crown was his: or to secure and advance their own interest. It seems God leftthem to themselves, to correct them for former miscarriages, with a rod oftheir own making.
1:10Called not - Because he knew they favoured Solomon his competitor.
1:11Nathan spake - Being prompted to it both by his piety in fulfilling the will of God declared to him, concerning Solomon'ssuccession, 7:13 , and by his prudence, knowing thatAdonijah hated him for being the principal instrument of Solomon'sadvancement. Bathsheba - Who being retired and private in her apartment,was ignorant of what was done abroad: and, who was likely to be mostzealous in the cause, and most prevalent with David.
1:26But me - Whom he knew to be acquainted with thy mind, and with the mind of God in this matter: and therefore his neglect of me hereingives me cause to suspect that this is done without thy privity.
1:27Shewed thy servant - Who, having been an instrument in delivering God's message to thee concerning thy successor, might reasonably expect thatif the king had changed his mind, thou wouldest have acquainted me with it,as being both a prophet os the Lord, and one whom thou hast always foundfaithful to thee.
1:28Call Bathsheba - Who, upon Nathan's approach to the king had modestly withdrawn.
1:29Out of all distress - The words contain a grateful acknowledgement of the goodness of God to him, in bringing him safe throughthe many difficulties, which had lain in his way, and which he now mentionsto the glory of God, (as Jacob when he lay a dying) thus setting to hisseal, from his own experience that the Lord redeemeth the souls of hisservants.
1:31Live for ever - Though I desire thy oath may be kept, and the right of succession confirmed to my son, yet I am far from thirsting afterthy death, and would rather rejoice, if it were possible for thee to liveand enjoy the crown for ever.
1:33My mule - As a token that the royal dignity is transferred upon Solomon, and that by my consent. Gihon - A river near Jerusalem,on the west side. Adonijah was inaugurated on the east side. Thisplace David chose, either, as remote from Adonijah and his company,that so the people might be there without fear of tumults or bloodshed; or,to shew that Solomon was chosen king in opposition to Adonijah: or,because this was a place of great resort, and fit to receive and displaythat numerous company, which he knew would follow Solomon thither.
1:34Anoint - As they used to do where there was any thing new or extraordinary in the succession. And this unction signified both thedesignation of the persons to the office, and the gifts and graces whichwere necessary for their office, and which, they, seeking them sincerelyfrom God, might expect to receive.
1:35My stead - My deputy and vice - king whilst I live, and absolutely king when I die. And Judah - This is added, lest the men of Judah,who were in a special manner invited by Adonijah, ver. 9 , mightthink themselves exempted from his jurisdiction.
1:47Bowed himself - Adoring God for this great mercy, and thereby declaring his hearty consent to this action.
1:48Blessed, &c. - It is a great satisfaction to good men, when they are going out of the world, to see their children rising up in their stead,to serve God and their generation: and especially to see peace uponIsrael, and the establishment of it.
1:51His servants - He owns Solomon as his king, and himself as his servant and subject; and being sensible of his guilt, and of thejealousy which kings have of their competitors, could not be satisfiedwithout Solomon's oath.
1:53Go to thine house - Lead a private life, without noise and numerous attendants, and meddle not with the affairs of the kingdom.