David remembering God's judgments on the land, prays for help, ver. 1 - 5.
Triumphs in confidence of receiving it, ver. 6 - 12.
To the chief musician upon Shushan - eduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aram - naharaim, and with Aram - zobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt, twelve thousand.
Title of the psalm. Shushan - eduth - This seems to be the name of an instrument, or tune, then well known, but now unknown and forgotten.To teach - For the special instruction of God's people.Aram - naharaim - The Syrians (so called from Aram, the son of Shem, Genesis 10:22 ,)
of the two rivers, or of Mesopotamia, the country between Tygris and Euphrates. Aram - zobah - The Syrians of Zobah, part of Syria so called.
|60:2||Tremble - A poetical expression, signifying great changes among the people.|
|60:3||To drink - Thou hast filled us with no less honor, than men intoxicated with strong drink.|
|60:4||A banner - Which is a sign and instrument, |
|60:5||Beloved - Thy beloved people.|
|60:6||Rejoice - Therefore I will turn my prayers into praises, for what God has already done. Divide - Which supposeth possession and dominion.Shechem - A place within Jordan, in mount Ephraim. Succoth - A place without Jordan. He mentions Shechem, and Succoth; for all the land of Canaan, within and without Jordan.|
|60:7||Gilead - All the land beyond Jordan, which was possessed by Reuben and Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasseh.Manasseh - The other half of that tribe within Jordan.The strength - A chief part of my strength, either to offend mine enemies, or to defend myself. For this tribe was very numerous, and valiant and rich. Law - giver - The chief seat of my throne and kingdom, and of the inferior throne of judgment, Psalms 122:5 .|
|60:8||Wash - pot - In which I shall wash my feet. I shall bring them into the lowest degree of servitude. Shoe - I will use them like slaves; a proverbial expression. Triumph - It is an ironical expression, signifying that her triumphs were come to an end.|
|60:9||Who - None can do it but God. City - The cities; the singular number for the plural. Having beaten his enemies out of the field, he desires God's assistance to take their strong - holds, and so secure himself from farther attempts. Edom - Which was an high and rocky country, 1 - 3, fortified by nature, as well as by art, and therefore notto be subdued without a Divine hand.|
|60:10||Hadst cut off - But now hast graciously returned to us.|