Deuteronomy 32:40

40 I lift my hand to heaven and solemnly swear: As surely as I live forever,

Deuteronomy 32:40 in Other Translations

40 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever.
40 For I lift up my hand to heaven and swear, As I live forever,
40 Now I raise my hand to heaven and declare, “As surely as I live,
40 I raise my hand in solemn oath; I say, 'I'm always around. By that very life I promise:
40 I raise My hand to heaven and declare: As surely as I live forever,

Deuteronomy 32:40 Meaning and Commentary

Deuteronomy 32:40

For I lift up my hand to heaven
Which is a gesture used in swearing, ( Genesis 14:22 ) , and is ascribed to a divine Person, ( Ezekiel 20:5 ) ; and particularly to Christ the angel, that is so wonderfully described, ( Revelation 10:1-5 ) ; though sometimes it is used, as Aben Ezra observes, to excite the attention of hearers, but here it signifies swearing; and so the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem paraphrase it,

``I have lift up my hands with an oath to heaven;''

and to the same sense is the Septuagint version:

and say, I live for ever;
which is the form of an oath; when men swear, they are to swear, the Lord liveth, or to swear by the living God, and him only, ( Jeremiah 4:2 ) ; and when the Lord swears in this manner, he swears by his life, by himself, because he can swear by no greater; and his form of swearing is, "as truly as I live, saith the Lord", ( Numbers 14:21 Numbers 14:28 ) ; so the above angel is said to swear by him that liveth for ever and ever, ( Revelation 10:6 ) ; and since Christ is the living God, without beginning of days, and end of life, and lives for evermore, he may be thought to swear by himself, by his own life, which is for ever; and as the oath of the Lord is used in condescension by him, to confirm the faith of his people in the immutability of his counsel and promises, and to ascertain unto them the sure performance of them; so it is also used to assure wicked men of the certain performance of his threatenings; and it is as if Christ here said, as sure as I am the living God, and do and shall live for ever, I will most certainly do the things which next follow.

Deuteronomy 32:40 In-Context

38 the gods who ate the fat of their sacrifices and drank the wine of their drink offerings? Let them rise up to help you! Let them give you shelter!
39 “See now that I myself am he! There is no god besides me. I put to death and I bring to life, I have wounded and I will heal, and no one can deliver out of my hand.
40 I lift my hand to heaven and solemnly swear: As surely as I live forever,
41 when I sharpen my flashing sword and my hand grasps it in judgment, I will take vengeance on my adversaries and repay those who hate me.
42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood, while my sword devours flesh: the blood of the slain and the captives, the heads of the enemy leaders.”

Cross References 2

  • 1. S Genesis 14:22
  • 2. S Genesis 21:33; Revelation 1:18
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