Deuteronomy 7:1-9

Driving Out the Nations

1 When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations—the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, seven nations larger and stronger than you—
2 and when the LORD your God has delivered them over to you and you have defeated them, then you must destroy them totally.[a] Make no treaty with them, and show them no mercy.
3 Do not intermarry with them. Do not give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons,
4 for they will turn your children away from following me to serve other gods, and the LORD’s anger will burn against you and will quickly destroy you.
5 This is what you are to do to them: Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones, cut down their Asherah poles[b] and burn their idols in the fire.
6 For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession.
7 The LORD did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples.
8 But it was because the LORD loved you and kept the oath he swore to your ancestors that he brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the land of slavery, from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
9 Know therefore that the LORD your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commandments.

Deuteronomy 7:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;
ESV
1 "When the LORD your God brings you into the land that you are entering to take possession of it, and clears away many nations before you, the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations more numerous and mightier than yourselves,
NLT
1 “When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are about to enter and occupy, he will clear away many nations ahead of you: the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. These seven nations are greater and more numerous than you.
MSG
1 When God, your God, brings you into the country that you are about to enter and take over, he will clear out the superpowers that were there before you: the Hittite, the Girgashite, the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite. Those seven nations are all bigger and stronger than you are.
CSB
1 "When the Lord your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess, and He drives out many nations before you-the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, seven nations more numerous and powerful than you-

Deuteronomy 7:1-9 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO DEUTERONOMY 7

In this chapter the Israelites are exhorted to destroy the seven nations of the land of Canaan, when they entered into it, and to make no alliances with them of any kind, nor suffer any remains of idolatry to continue, De 7:1-5 to observe which, and other commands of God, they are urged from the consideration of their being freely chosen of God above all other people, and of their being redeemed out of the house of bondage, and of the Lord's being a covenant keeping God to them, De 7:6-11 and it is promised them, for their further encouragement to keep the commands of God, that they should have an increase of all temporal good things, and no evils and calamities should come upon them, De 6:12-16, and, lest they should be disheartened at the numbers and might of their enemies, they are put in mind of what God had done for them in Egypt, and of what he had promised to do for them now, De 7:17-20 and they are assured that the nations should be cast out before them by little and little, until they were utterly destroyed, De 7:21-24 and the chapter is concluded with an exhortation to destroy their images, and not admit anything of that sort to be brought into their houses, De 7:25,26.

Deuteronomy 7:1-9 In-Context

1 When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations—the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, seven nations larger and stronger than you—
2 and when the LORD your God has delivered them over to you and you have defeated them, then you must destroy them totally. Make no treaty with them, and show them no mercy.
3 Do not intermarry with them. Do not give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons,
4 for they will turn your children away from following me to serve other gods, and the LORD’s anger will burn against you and will quickly destroy you.
5 This is what you are to do to them: Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones, cut down their Asherah poles and burn their idols in the fire.
6 For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession.
7 The LORD did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples.
8 But it was because the LORD loved you and kept the oath he swore to your ancestors that he brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the land of slavery, from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
9 Know therefore that the LORD your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commandments.
10 But those who hate him he will repay to their face by destruction; he will not be slow to repay to their face those who hate him.
11 Therefore, take care to follow the commands, decrees and laws I give you today.
12 If you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them, then the LORD your God will keep his covenant of love with you, as he swore to your ancestors.
13 He will love you and bless you and increase your numbers. He will bless the fruit of your womb, the crops of your land—your grain, new wine and olive oil—the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks in the land he swore to your ancestors to give you.

Cross References 35

  • 1. S Leviticus 14:34; S Deuteronomy 4:38
  • 2. Deuteronomy 20:16-18; Deuteronomy 31:3; Acts 13:19
  • 3. Genesis 15:20
  • 4. S Genesis 10:16
  • 5. S Deuteronomy 1:7
  • 6. Genesis 13:7
  • 7. S Genesis 10:17
  • 8. Joshua 3:10
  • 9. S Deuteronomy 2:33
  • 10. S Deuteronomy 2:34
  • 11. Numbers 31:17; Deuteronomy 33:27; Joshua 11:11
  • 12. S Exodus 23:32
  • 13. ver 16; Deuteronomy 13:8; Deuteronomy 19:13; Deuteronomy 25:12
  • 14. Exodus 34:15-16; Joshua 22:16; Daniel 9:7; Ezra 9:2
  • 15. Judges 3:6
  • 16. S Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 6:15
  • 17. S Exodus 34:13; Deuteronomy 16:21
  • 18. S Exodus 23:24; Deuteronomy 12:2-3
  • 19. Exodus 19:6; S Leviticus 27:30; Exodus 19:5-6; 1 Peter 2:9
  • 20. Deuteronomy 26:19; Psalms 30:4; Psalms 37:28; Psalms 50:5; Psalms 52:9; Jeremiah 2:3
  • 21. Deuteronomy 14:2; 1 Kings 3:8; Isaiah 41:9; Ezekiel 20:5
  • 22. S Genesis 17:7; S Exodus 8:22; S Exodus 34:9; Isaiah 43:1; Romans 9:4; Titus 2:14
  • 23. S Genesis 22:17
  • 24. Genesis 34:30
  • 25. Deuteronomy 4:37; Deuteronomy 10:22
  • 26. S Deuteronomy 4:37; 1 Kings 10:9; 2 Chronicles 2:11; Psalms 44:3; Deuteronomy 10:15
  • 27. Exodus 32:13; S Numbers 14:8; Romans 11:28
  • 28. S Exodus 3:20
  • 29. S Exodus 6:6
  • 30. S Exodus 13:14
  • 31. S Deuteronomy 4:35
  • 32. Psalms 18:25; Psalms 33:4; Psalms 108:4; Psalms 145:13; Psalms 146:6; Isaiah 49:7; Jeremiah 42:5; Hosea 11:12; S 1 Corinthians 1:9; 2 Timothy 2:13
  • 33. ver 12; 1 Kings 8:23; 2 Chronicles 6:14; Nehemiah 1:5; Nehemiah 9:32; Daniel 9:4
  • 34. S Exodus 20:6
  • 35. S Deuteronomy 5:10

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verse 26.
  • [b]. That is, wooden symbols of the goddess Asherah; here and elsewhere in Deuteronomy
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.