Hammer [N]

  • Heb. pattish, used by gold-beaters ( Isaiah 41:7 ) and by quarry-men ( Jeremiah 23:29 ). Metaphorically of Babylon ( Jeremiah 50:23 ) or Nebuchadnezzar.

  • Heb. makabah, a stone-cutter's mallet ( 1 Kings 6:7 ), or of any workman ( Judges 4:21 ; Isaiah 44:12 ).

  • Heb. halmuth, a poetical word for a workman's hammer, found only in Judges 5:26 , where it denotes the mallet with which the pins of the tent of the nomad are driven into the ground.

  • Heb. mappets, rendered "battle-axe" in Jeremiah 51:20 . This was properly a "mace," which is thus described by Rawlinson: "The Assyrian mace was a short, thin weapon, and must either have been made of a very tough wood or (and this is more probable) of metal. It had an ornamented head, which was sometimes very beautifully modelled, and generally a strap or string at the lower end by which it could be grasped with greater firmness."

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Hammer". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .



    The Hebrew maqqebheth, occurs in Judges 4:21, where it refers to the mallet (probably wooden) used to drive tent-pins into the ground. The same word occurs in 1 Kings 6:7; Isaiah 44:12; Jeremiah 10:4 as applied to a workman's hammer. paTTish (compare Arabic, fatis), occurs in Isaiah 41:7; Jeremiah 23:29; 50:23. It was probably a blacksmith's hammer or heavy hammer used for breaking rock. There is doubt about the rendering of Judges 5:26, where the word, halmuth, occurs. From the context, the instrument mentioned was probably not a hammer. In Psalms 74:6, kelaph, is better translated "axes," not "hammers."

    See TOOLS.

    James A. Patch

    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'HAMMER'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.