Daniel 1:1

Daniel Taken to Babylon

1 In the third year of 1the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.

Daniel 1:1 Meaning and Commentary


F11 R. Nehumiah apud Grotium, de Ver. Relig. Christ. I. 5. sect. 14.Daniel 1:1

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah
At the close of it, and at the beginning of the fourth, which was the first of Nebuchadnezzar, ( Jeremiah 25:1 ) . Jerusalem seems to have been taken twice in his time, and two captivities in it: the first was in the third or fourth year of his reign; when humbling himself, he was restored to his kingdom, though he became a tributary to the king of Babylon; Daniel and his companions, who were carried captive with him, were retained as hostages; but after three years he rebelled, but it was not until his eleventh year that Nebuchadnezzar came against him again, took him, and bound him, in order to carry him to Babylon, but he died by the way; see ( 2 Kings 24:1 2 Kings 24:2 ) ( 2 Chronicles 36:5 2 Chronicles 36:6 ) , some, as Jarchi and Saadiah Gaon, make this to be the third year of his rebellion, and the last of his reign; they suppose that he was conquered by the king of Babylon, and became subject to him in the fifth year of his reign; that he served him three years, and rebelled against him three years: at the end of which came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it;
with his army, and took it; and the same way it is accounted for in the Jewish chronicle F16 according to Bishop Usher F17, this was in the year of the world 3398 A.M., and before Christ 607 or 606; according to Mr. Bedford F18, 605.


F16 Seder Olam Rabba, c. 25. in principio.
F17 Annales Vet. Test. A. M. 3398.
F18 Scripture Chronology, p. 676.

Daniel 1:1 In-Context

1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.
2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of the vessels of the house of God. And he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and placed the vessels in the treasury of his god.
3 Then the king commanded Ashpenaz, his chief eunuch, to bring some of the people of Israel, both of the royal family and of the nobility,
4 youths without blemish, of good appearance and skillful in all wisdom, endowed with knowledge, understanding learning, and competent to stand in the king's palace, and to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans.
5 The king assigned them a daily portion of the food that the king ate, and of the wine that he drank. They were to be educated for three years, and at the end of that time they were to stand before the king.

Cross References 1

  • 1. 2 Kings 24:1, 2; 2 Chronicles 36:6
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