Isaiah 19:4

4 and I will give over the Egyptians into the hand of 1a hard master, and a fierce king will rule over them, declares the Lord GOD of hosts.

Isaiah 19:4 Meaning and Commentary

Isaiah 19:4

And the Egyptians will I give over into the hands of a
cruel lord
Not of Sennacherib king of Assyria, which way go many interpreters, both Christian and Jewish, as Aben Ezra, Jarchi, and Kimchi; nor of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, as in ( Jeremiah 46:25 Jeremiah 46:26 ) but either of the twelve tyrants that rose up after the death of Sethon above mentioned; for the word is in the plural number, "lords", though the adjective rendered "cruel" is singular; or else Psammiticus, the father of Pharaohnecho, that slew Josiah; and who conquered the other eleven tyrants, and ruled alone, for the space of fifty four years, with great rigour; and the same is designed in the next clause: and a fierce king shall rule over them;
it is reported of Psammiticus, that he gave such offence to his subjects, that two hundred thousand of his soldiers left him, and went into Ethiopia F1. Vitringa interprets this of the Persian emperors, into whose hands Egypt fell, as Cambyses and Ochus; and who, according to historians, were very cruel princes. That there might be no doubt of the sure and certain accomplishment of this prophecy, it is added, saith the Lord, the Lord of hosts;
of the armies above and below; and who does what he pleases among the kings and kingdoms of the earth.


FOOTNOTES:

F1 See Raleigh's History of the World, B. 2. c. 27. sect. 3. p. 357.

Isaiah 19:4 In-Context

2 And I will stir up Egyptians against Egyptians, and they will fight, each against another and each against his neighbor, city against city, kingdom against kingdom;
3 and the spirit of the Egyptians within them will be emptied out, and I will confound their counsel; and they will inquire of the idols and the sorcerers, and the mediums and the necromancers;
4 and I will give over the Egyptians into the hand of a hard master, and a fierce king will rule over them, declares the Lord GOD of hosts.
5 And the waters of the sea will be dried up, and the river will be dry and parched,
6 and its canals will become foul, and the branches of Egypt's Nile will diminish and dry up, reeds and rushes will rot away.

Cross References 1

  • 1. Isaiah 20:4; Jeremiah 46:26; Ezekiel 29:19