Micah 3

Listen to Micah 3

Rulers and Prophets Denounced

1 And I said: 1Hear, you heads of Jacob and rulers of the house of Israel! 2Is it not for you to know justice?--
2 you 3who hate the good and love the evil, 4who tear the skin from off my people[a] and their flesh from off their bones,
3 5who eat the flesh of my people, and flay their skin from off them, and break their bones in pieces and chop them up like meat in a pot, like flesh in a cauldron.
4 6Then they will cry to the LORD, but he will not answer them; 7he will hide his face from them at that time, because they have made their deeds evil.
5 Thus says the LORD concerning 8the prophets who lead my people astray, 9who cry "Peace" when they have something to eat, but declare war against him who puts nothing into their mouths.
6 Therefore 10it shall be night to you, without vision, and darkness to you, without divination. 11The sun shall go down on the prophets, and the day shall be black over them;
7 12the seers shall be disgraced, and the diviners put to shame; 13they shall all cover their lips, for 14there is no answer from God.
8 But as for me, 15I am filled with power, with the Spirit of the LORD, and with justice and might, to declare to Jacob 16his transgression and to Israel his sin.
9 17Hear this, you heads of the house of Jacob and rulers of the house of Israel, 18who detest justice and make crooked all that is straight,
10 19who build Zion with blood and Jerusalem with iniquity.
11 20Its heads give judgment for a bribe; 21its priests teach for a price; 22its prophets practice divination for money; 23yet they lean on the LORD and 24say, "Is not the LORD in the midst of us? 25No disaster shall come upon us."
12 Therefore because of you 26Zion shall be plowed as a field; Jerusalem 27shall become a heap of ruins, and 28the mountain of the house 29a wooded height.

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Micah 3 Commentary

Chapter 3

The cruelty of the princes, and the falsehood of the prophets. (1-8) Their false security. (9-12)

Verses 1-8 Men cannot expect to do ill, and fare well; but to find that done to them which they did to others. How seldom do wholesome truths reach the ears of those in high stations or in authority! Those who deceive others are preparing confusion for their own faces. The prophet had ardent love to God and to the souls of men; deep concern for his glory and their salvation, and zeal against sin. The difficulties he met with did not drive him from his work. He had this strength; not from and of himself, but he was full of power by the Spirit of the Lord. Those who act honestly, may act boldly. And those who come to hear the word of God, must be willing to be told of their faults, must take it kindly, and be thankful.

Verses 9-12 Zion's walls owe no thanks to those that build them up with blood and iniquity. The sin of man works not the righteousness of God. Even when men do that which in itself is good, but do it for filthy lucre, it becomes abomination both to God and man. Faith rests in the Lord as the soul's foundation: presumption only leans upon the Lord as a prop, and would use him to serve a turn. If men's having the Lord among them will not keep them from doing evil, it never can secure them from suffering evil for so doing. See the doom of wicked Jacob; Therefore shall Zion for your sake be ploughed as a field. This was exactly fulfilled at the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, and is so at this day. If sacred places are polluted by sin, they will be wasted and ruined by the judgments of God.

Cross References 29

  • 1. See Micah 1:2
  • 2. Jeremiah 5:5; [Ezekiel 22:6, 27]
  • 3. [ver. 9]
  • 4. [Ezekiel 34:3]
  • 5. [Psalms 14:4; Isaiah 3:15]
  • 6. See Proverbs 1:28
  • 7. Isaiah 1:15; See Deuteronomy 31:17
  • 8. Jeremiah 23:13, 32; Ezekiel 13:10
  • 9. [Jeremiah 6:14]
  • 10. Ezekiel 12:24; Ezekiel 13:23
  • 11. See Amos 8:9
  • 12. Zechariah 13:4; [Jeremiah 37:19]
  • 13. [Leviticus 13:45]
  • 14. See Amos 8:11
  • 15. [Jeremiah 6:11]
  • 16. Micah 1:5; Isaiah 58:1; [Ezekiel 23:36]
  • 17. See Micah 1:2
  • 18. [ver. 2]
  • 19. Jeremiah 22:13; Ezekiel 22:27; Habakkuk 2:12
  • 20. Micah 7:3; Isaiah 1:23
  • 21. See Jeremiah 6:13
  • 22. [ver. 5; Ezekiel 22:25]
  • 23. Isaiah 48:2
  • 24. Jeremiah 7:4; [Amos 5:14]
  • 25. [Jeremiah 23:17; Amos 9:10]
  • 26. Cited Jeremiah 26:18
  • 27. [Micah 1:6]
  • 28. Micah 4:2
  • 29. [Luke 13:35]

Footnotes 1

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the prophet reproves and threatens both princes and prophets, first separately, and then conjunctly; first the heads and princes of the people, civil magistrates, for their ignorance of justice, and hatred of good, and love of evil, and for their oppression and cruelty; and they are threatened with distress when they should cry unto the Lord, and should not be heard by him, Mic 3:1-4; next the prophets are taken to task, for their voraciousness, avarice, and false prophesying; and are threatened with darkness, with want of vision, and of an answer from the Lord, and with shame and confusion, Mic 3:5-7; and the prophet being full of the Spirit and power of God, to declare the sins and transgressions of Jacob and Israel, Mic 3:8, very freely declaims against princes, priests, and prophets, all together; who, though guilty of very notorious crimes, yet were in great security, and promised themselves impunity, Mic 3:9-11; wherefore the city and temple of Jerusalem are threatened with an utter desolation, Mic 3:12.

Micah 3 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.