Ezekiel 27:13

13 “ ‘Greece, Tubal and Meshek did business with you; they traded human beings and articles of bronze for your wares.

Ezekiel 27:13 in Other Translations

13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.
13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.
13 Merchants from Greece, Tubal, and Meshech brought slaves and articles of bronze to trade with you.
13 "'Greece, Tubal, and Meshech did business with you, trading slaves and bronze for your products.
13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your merchants. They exchanged slaves and bronze utensils for your goods.

Ezekiel 27:13 Meaning and Commentary

Ver. 13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they [were] thy merchants
Javan designs Greece, as the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions render it; especially that part of it called Ionia, from Javan the son of Japheth, ( Genesis 10:2 ) and Tubal, and Meshech, were also sons of Japheth; the former are the Iberi and Albanians, as Jerom and others, among whom were a city called Thabilaca, by Ptolemy F23; and the latter the Cappadocians, with whom is a city called Mazaca F24. They traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy markets;
or, "the souls of men" F25; they bought up men and women in the several countries to which they belonged, or where they traded, and brought them to Tyre, and sold them for slaves; and the Ionian and Grecian slaves were had in great esteem: and the best brass, of which vessels were made, was had from Corinth, Delus, and Aeginetus; according to Pliny F26, Cappadocia was famous for it also: in the first of these merchandises Tyrus was remarkably a type of antichrist, who is said to deal in such wares, the souls of men, ( Revelation 18:13 ) . The word here rendered "markets", Gussetius F1 also observes, does not design the place of commerce, but the act of negotiation or trade; and so it is rendered by many F2.

F23 Geograph. l. 5. c. 12.
F24 Joseph. Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 1.
F25 (Mda vpnb) "animabus hominum", Pagninus, Vatablus, Cocceius, Starckius.
F26 Nat. Hist. l. 34. c. 2.
F1 Ebr. Comment. p. 642.
F2 (Kbrem) (thn emporian bou) , Sept.; "negotiationem tuam", Tigurine version; "in commercio tuo", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Polanus; "mercaturam tuam", Cocceius.

Ezekiel 27:13 In-Context

11 Men of Arvad and Helek guarded your walls on every side; men of Gammad were in your towers. They hung their shields around your walls; they brought your beauty to perfection.
12 “ ‘Tarshish did business with you because of your great wealth of goods; they exchanged silver, iron, tin and lead for your merchandise.
13 “ ‘Greece, Tubal and Meshek did business with you; they traded human beings and articles of bronze for your wares.
14 “ ‘Men of Beth Togarmah exchanged chariot horses, cavalry horses and mules for your merchandise.
15 “ ‘The men of Rhodes traded with you, and many coastlands were your customers; they paid you with ivory tusks and ebony.

Cross References 3

  • 1. Joel 3:6
  • 2. Genesis 10:2; Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 32:26; Ezekiel 38:2; Ezekiel 39:1
  • 3. Revelation 18:13
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