Gomer with all its troops; and Beth-togarmah from the remotest parts of the north along with all its troops-many peoples are with you.
Ezekiel 38:6 Meaning and Commentary
Gomer, and all his bands Or all his army, as the Targum. Gomer was the eldest son of Japheth, ( Genesis 10:2 ) , from whom descended the people called by the Greeks Galatians, or Galio-Grecians, as Josephus
F9 says, who before were from him called Gomarians: others think that Phrygia, and the inhabitants of it, are meant; but, whether one or the other, they were both people of the lesser Asia, which is now in the hands of the Turks: the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands; Togarmah was one of the sons of Gomer, ( Genesis 10:3 ) whose posterity, according to the Greeks, as Josephus F11 says, were the Phrygians; but others rather think the Cappadocians descended from him; and that Togarmah designs their country, which also is a part of the Turkish dominions; (See Gill on Ezekiel 27:14). Several moderns, as Calmet F12 observes, believe that the children of Togarmah peopled Turcomania in Tartary, and Scythia, and which he approves of; and the Turks are mentioned by Ben Gorion F13 as one of the ten families of Togarmah. The Targum renders it here the province of Germany; as it is also interpreted in the Talmud F14, but wrongly: and many people with thee; from other places and nations, besides those named; especially out of the lesser Asia, as Pamphylia, Cilicia, and other places; and perhaps from Tartary, and elsewhere, F9 Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 1. F11 lbid. F12 Dictionary in the word "Togarmah". F13 Heb. Hist. l. 1. c. 1. p. 3. F14 T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 10. 1.
I will turn you around, put hooks in your jaws and bring you out with your whole army—your horses, your horsemen fully armed, and a great horde with large and small shields, all of them brandishing their swords.
Persia, Cush and Put will be with them, all with shields and helmets,
also Gomer with all its troops, and Beth Togarmah from the far north with all its troops—the many nations with you.
“ ‘Get ready; be prepared, you and all the hordes gathered about you, and take command of them.
After many days you will be called to arms. In future years you will invade a land that has recovered from war, whose people were gathered from many nations to the mountains of Israel, which had long been desolate. They had been brought out from the nations, and now all of them live in safety.