Genesis 21:33

33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Eternal God.

Genesis 21:33 in Other Translations

KJV
33 And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.
ESV
33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba and called there on the name of the LORD, the Everlasting God.
NLT
33 Then Abraham planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he worshiped the LORD, the Eternal God.
MSG
33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba and worshiped God there, praying to the Eternal God.
CSB
33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and there he worshiped the Lord, the Everlasting God.

Genesis 21:33 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 21:33

And [Abraham] planted a grove in Beersheba
The Jewish writers F23 are divided about the use of this grove, as Jarchi relates; one says it was for a paradise or orchard, to produce fruits out of it for travellers and for entertainment; another says it was for an inn to entertain strangers in; it rather was for a shade, to shelter from the sun in those sultry and hot countries; and perhaps for a religious use, and to be an oratory, as the following words seem to suggest: in the midst of it very likely Abraham built an altar, and sacrificed to the Lord; hence might come the superstitious use of groves among the Heathens; and, when they came to be abused to idolatrous purposes, they were forbidden by the law of Moses, which before were lawful. And, though the name of Abraham is not in the text, there is no doubt but he is designed, and was the planter of the grove, and which is expressed in the Septuagint version, as it is supplied by us. What sort of trees this grove consisted of cannot with certainty be said, very probably the oak. R. Jonah F24 thinks it may be the tree which in Arabic they call "ethel", and is a tree like that which is called tamarisk in general it signifies any tree, and especially large trees F25; and called there on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God;
who, is from everlasting to everlasting, or "the God of the world" F26, the Creator and upholder of it, and the preserver of all creatures in it; him Abraham invoked in this place, prayed unto him, and gave him thanks for all the mercies he had received from him.


FOOTNOTES:

F23 In T. Bab. Sotah, fol. 10. 1.
F24 Apud Kimchi, Sepher Shorash. rad. (lva) .
F25 Vid. R. Sol. Urbin. Ohel Moed, fol. 72. 1.
F26 (Mlwe la) "Dei seculi", Pagninus, Hontanus, Calvin; so Ainsworth.

Genesis 21:33 In-Context

31 So that place was called Beersheba, because the two men swore an oath there.
32 After the treaty had been made at Beersheba, Abimelek and Phicol the commander of his forces returned to the land of the Philistines.
33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Eternal God.
34 And Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines for a long time.

Cross References 3

  • 1. 1 Samuel 22:6; 1 Samuel 31:13
  • 2. S Genesis 4:26
  • 3. Exodus 15:18; Deuteronomy 32:40; Deuteronomy 33:27; Job 36:26; Psalms 10:16; Psalms 45:6; Psalms 90:2; Psalms 93:2; Psalms 102:24; Psalms 103:19; Psalms 146:10; Isaiah 40:28; Jeremiah 10:10; Habakkuk 1:12; Habakkuk 3:6; Hebrews 13:8