Isaiah 60

The Glory of Zion

1 “Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the LORD rises upon you.
2 See, darkness covers the earth and thick darkness is over the peoples, but the LORD rises upon you and his glory appears over you.
3 Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawn.
4 “Lift up your eyes and look about you: All assemble and come to you; your sons come from afar, and your daughters are carried on the hip.
5 Then you will look and be radiant, your heart will throb and swell with joy; the wealth on the seas will be brought to you, to you the riches of the nations will come.
6 Herds of camels will cover your land, young camels of Midian and Ephah. And all from Sheba will come, bearing gold and incense and proclaiming the praise of the LORD.
7 All Kedar’s flocks will be gathered to you, the rams of Nebaioth will serve you; they will be accepted as offerings on my altar, and I will adorn my glorious temple.
8 “Who are these that fly along like clouds, like doves to their nests?
9 Surely the islands look to me; in the lead are the ships of Tarshish,[a]bringing your children from afar, with their silver and gold, to the honor of the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, for he has endowed you with splendor.
10 “Foreigners will rebuild your walls, and their kings will serve you. Though in anger I struck you, in favor I will show you compassion.
11 Your gates will always stand open, they will never be shut, day or night, so that people may bring you the wealth of the nations— their kings led in triumphal procession.
12 For the nation or kingdom that will not serve you will perish; it will be utterly ruined.
13 “The glory of Lebanon will come to you, the juniper, the fir and the cypress together, to adorn my sanctuary; and I will glorify the place for my feet.
14 The children of your oppressors will come bowing before you; all who despise you will bow down at your feet and will call you the City of the LORD, Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
15 “Although you have been forsaken and hated, with no one traveling through, I will make you the everlasting pride and the joy of all generations.
16 You will drink the milk of nations and be nursed at royal breasts. Then you will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior, your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
17 Instead of bronze I will bring you gold, and silver in place of iron. Instead of wood I will bring you bronze, and iron in place of stones. I will make peace your governor and well-being your ruler.
18 No longer will violence be heard in your land, nor ruin or destruction within your borders, but you will call your walls Salvation and your gates Praise.
19 The sun will no more be your light by day, nor will the brightness of the moon shine on you, for the LORD will be your everlasting light, and your God will be your glory.
20 Your sun will never set again, and your moon will wane no more; the LORD will be your everlasting light, and your days of sorrow will end.
21 Then all your people will be righteous and they will possess the land forever. They are the shoot I have planted, the work of my hands, for the display of my splendor.
22 The least of you will become a thousand, the smallest a mighty nation. I am the LORD; in its time I will do this swiftly.”

Isaiah 60 Commentary

Chapter 60

The glories of the church of God, when the fulness of the Gentiles shall come in. (1-8) and the Jews shall be converted and gathered from their dispersions. (9-14) and the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdom of our Lord, and of his Christ. (15-22)

Verses 1-8 As far as we have the knowledge of God in us, and the favour of God towards us, our light is come. And if God's glory is seen upon us to our honour, we ought, not only with our lips, but in our lives, to return its praise. We meet with nothing in the history of the Jews which can be deemed a fulfilment of the prophecy in this chapter; we must conclude it relates principally to future events. It predicts the purity and enlargement of the church. The conversion of souls is here described. They fly to Christ, to the church, to the word and ordinances, as doves to their own home; thither they fly for refuge and shelter, thither they fly for rest. What a pleasant sight to see poor souls hastening to Christ!

Verses 9-14 God will be very gracious. We must begin with his promise, thence all mercies take rise. Many shall be brought into the church, even from far countries. Christ is always ready to receive all who come to him; and the gate of mercy is always open, night and day. All that are about the church shall be made serviceable to it. But those who will not be subject to Christ's golden sceptre, to his word and Spirit, who will not be kept in by the laws and rules of his family, shall be broken in pieces by his iron rod. The peculiar advantages of every nation, and of every description of men, shall join to beautify the church of Christ. We must suppose this to be accomplished in the beauties of holiness, and the graces and comforts of the Spirit, with which gospel ordinances are adorned and enriched. Blessed be his name, the gates of Zion are ever open to returning sinners.

Verses 15-22 We must look for the full accomplishment in times and things, exceeding those of the Old Testament church. The nations and their kings shall lay themselves out for the good of the church. Such a salvation, such a redemption, shall be wrought out for thee, as discovers itself to be the work of the Lord. Every thing shall be changed for the better. In thy land shall no more be heard threats of those that do violence, nor complaints of those that suffer violence. Thy walls shall be means of safety, thy gates shall be written upon with praises to God. In the close of this chapter are images and expressions used in the description of the New Jerusalem, ( Revelation 21:23 , Revelation 22:5 ) . Nothing can answer to this but some future glorious state of the church on earth, or the state of the church triumphant in heaven. Those that make God their only light, shall have him their all-sufficient light. And the happiness shall know no change or alloy. No people on earth are all righteous; but there are no mixtures in heaven. They shall be wholly righteous. The spirits of just men shall there be made perfect. The glory of the church shall be to the honour of God. When it shall be finished, it will appear a work of wonder. It may seem too difficult to be brought about, but the God of almighty power has undertaken it. It may seem to be delayed and put off; but the Lord will hasten it in the time appointed by his wisdom, though not in the time prescribed by our folly. Let this hope cheer us under all difficulties, and stir us up to all diligence, that we may have an abundant entrance into this everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

Cross References 79

  • 1. Isaiah 52:2
  • 2. S Psalms 36:9; S Psalms 118:27; S Isaiah 9:2; John 8:12; Ephesians 5:14
  • 3. S Exodus 16:7; S Isaiah 4:5; Revelation 21:11
  • 4. S 1 Samuel 2:9; S Psalms 82:5; S Psalms 107:14; S Isaiah 8:20
  • 5. Jeremiah 13:16; Colossians 1:13
  • 6. S Isaiah 44:5; S Isaiah 45:14; Matthew 2:1-11; Revelation 21:24
  • 7. S Isaiah 9:2; Isaiah 42:6
  • 8. S Isaiah 49:23
  • 9. S Isaiah 11:12
  • 10. S Isaiah 2:3; Jeremiah 30:10
  • 11. S Isaiah 43:6
  • 12. Isaiah 49:20-22
  • 13. S Exodus 34:29
  • 14. Isaiah 35:2; Isaiah 65:13; Isaiah 66:14; Zechariah 10:7
  • 15. S Deuteronomy 33:19; S Judges 3:15; Revelation 21:26
  • 16. S Judges 6:5
  • 17. S Genesis 25:2
  • 18. Genesis 25:4
  • 19. S Genesis 10:7,28; Psalms 72:10
  • 20. Isaiah 43:23; Jeremiah 6:20; Matthew 2:11
  • 21. S 1 Kings 5:7; S Isaiah 42:10
  • 22. S Genesis 25:13
  • 23. Isaiah 18:7; Ezekiel 20:40; Ezekiel 43:27; Zephaniah 3:10
  • 24. S Isaiah 19:21
  • 25. ver 13; Hag 2:3,7,9
  • 26. Isaiah 49:21
  • 27. Isaiah 19:1
  • 28. S Isaiah 11:11
  • 29. S Genesis 10:4; Isa 2:16 "fn"
  • 30. S Isaiah 14:2; S Isaiah 43:6
  • 31. S 1 Kings 10:22
  • 32. S Psalms 22:23
  • 33. ver 14; Isaiah 1:4; S Isaiah 54:5
  • 34. S Isaiah 44:23; Isaiah 55:5; Jeremiah 30:19
  • 35. S Exodus 1:11; S Isaiah 14:1-2; S Isaiah 56:6
  • 36. S Ezra 1:2; Isaiah 49:23; Revelation 21:24
  • 37. S Isaiah 49:8
  • 38. S Psalms 102:13; Isaiah 54:8
  • 39. ver 18; S Psalms 24:7; Isaiah 62:10; Micah 2:13; Revelation 21:25
  • 40. S ver 5; Isaiah 61:6; Revelation 21:26
  • 41. Psalms 149:8; S Isaiah 2:12
  • 42. S Isaiah 11:14; S Isaiah 14:2
  • 43. S Genesis 27:29; S Psalms 110:5; Daniel 2:34
  • 44. S Ezra 3:7; Isaiah 35:2
  • 45. Isaiah 41:19
  • 46. S ver 7
  • 47. S 1 Chronicles 28:2; Psalms 132:7
  • 48. S Isaiah 14:2
  • 49. S Genesis 27:29; S Isaiah 2:3; Isaiah 49:23; Revelation 3:9
  • 50. S Genesis 32:28; S Isaiah 1:26
  • 51. Hebrews 12:22
  • 52. S ver 9
  • 53. Isaiah 1:7-9; S Isaiah 6:12; S Isaiah 54:6
  • 54. S Isaiah 33:8
  • 55. S Isaiah 4:2
  • 56. S Psalms 126:5; Isaiah 65:18
  • 57. S Exodus 6:2; Isaiah 49:23; Isaiah 66:11,12
  • 58. S Exodus 6:7
  • 59. S Exodus 14:30; S Isaiah 25:9
  • 60. S Job 19:25; S Isaiah 59:20
  • 61. S Genesis 49:24; S Psalms 132:2
  • 62. 1 Kings 10:21
  • 63. S Psalms 85:8; Isaiah 66:12; Haggai 2:9
  • 64. S Isaiah 9:7
  • 65. S Leviticus 26:6; S 2 Samuel 7:10; S Isaiah 9:4
  • 66. S Isaiah 49:19; S Isaiah 51:19
  • 67. S Isaiah 33:6; Isaiah 26:1
  • 68. Isaiah 61:11; Isaiah 62:7; Jeremiah 33:9; Zephaniah 3:20
  • 69. S Psalms 36:9; S Psalms 118:27; Revelation 22:5
  • 70. S Psalms 85:9; S Isaiah 24:16,23; Zechariah 2:5; Revelation 21:23
  • 71. Isaiah 30:26
  • 72. S Isaiah 30:19; S Isaiah 35:10; S Revelation 7:17
  • 73. S Isaiah 4:3; S Isaiah 26:2; Revelation 21:27
  • 74. Psalms 37:11,22; Isaiah 49:8; Isaiah 57:13; Isaiah 61:7; Isaiah 65:9; Zechariah 8:12
  • 75. S Exodus 15:17; Psalms 44:2; Psalms 80:8-11; Jeremiah 32:41; Amos 9:15; Matthew 15:13
  • 76. S Job 10:3; S Psalms 8:6; S Isaiah 19:25; Isaiah 29:23; Ephesians 2:10
  • 77. S Leviticus 10:3; S Isaiah 44:23; Isaiah 52:1
  • 78. S Genesis 12:2; S Deuteronomy 1:10
  • 79. Isaiah 5:19

Footnotes 1

Chapter Summary



As, in the two preceding chapters, the hypocrisy and formality, the profaneness and immorality, that should abound in the latter day, and even among professors of religion, are prophesied of; so, in this, a very ample account is given of latter daylight and glory; of both the spiritual and personal reign of Christ, with the latter of which it concludes. The light and glory of the church, in the spiritual reign, are described, Isa 60:1-3 the numerous conversions of persons to it from all quarters, east and west particularly, are prophesied of, Isa 60:4-8, the great usefulness those should be of unto it, in enriching it, and building it up, and in glorifying it, is declared, Isa 60:9-13, as also the subjection of enemies to it; the favours it should receive from kings, and the fame and renown of it through all nations and ages, Isa 60:14-16, its riches, prosperity, peace, and safety, Isa 60:17,18 and the chapter is concluded with an account of the more perfect state of the church in the personal reign of Christ, when there will be a perfection of light and righteousness; and the number of God's elect will be complete, and they will be all together, Isa 60:19-22.

Isaiah 60 Commentaries

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