Job 16


1 Then Job replied:
2 “I have heard many things like these; you are miserable comforters, all of you!
3 Will your long-winded speeches never end? What ails you that you keep on arguing?
4 I also could speak like you, if you were in my place; I could make fine speeches against you and shake my head at you.
5 But my mouth would encourage you; comfort from my lips would bring you relief.
6 “Yet if I speak, my pain is not relieved; and if I refrain, it does not go away.
7 Surely, God, you have worn me out; you have devastated my entire household.
8 You have shriveled me up—and it has become a witness; my gauntness rises up and testifies against me.
9 God assails me and tears me in his anger and gnashes his teeth at me; my opponent fastens on me his piercing eyes.
10 People open their mouths to jeer at me; they strike my cheek in scorn and unite together against me.
11 God has turned me over to the ungodly and thrown me into the clutches of the wicked.
12 All was well with me, but he shattered me; he seized me by the neck and crushed me. He has made me his target;
13 his archers surround me. Without pity, he pierces my kidneys and spills my gall on the ground.
14 Again and again he bursts upon me; he rushes at me like a warrior.
15 “I have sewed sackcloth over my skin and buried my brow in the dust.
16 My face is red with weeping, dark shadows ring my eyes;
17 yet my hands have been free of violence and my prayer is pure.
18 “Earth, do not cover my blood; may my cry never be laid to rest!
19 Even now my witness is in heaven; my advocate is on high.
20 My intercessor is my friend[a] as my eyes pour out tears to God;
21 on behalf of a man he pleads with God as one pleads for a friend.
22 “Only a few years will pass before I take the path of no return.

Job 16 Commentary

Chapter 16

Job reproves his friends. (1-5) He represents his case as deplorable. (6-16) Job maintains his innocency. (17-22)

Verses 1-5 Eliphaz had represented Job's discourses as unprofitable, and nothing to the purpose; Job here gives his the same character. Those who pass censures, must expect to have them retorted; it is easy, it is endless, but what good does it do? Angry answers stir up men's passions, but never convince their judgments, nor set truth in a clear light. What Job says of his friends is true of all creatures, in comparison with God; one time or other we shall be made to see and own that miserable comforters are they all. When under convictions of sin, terrors of conscience, or the arrests of death, only the blessed Spirit can comfort effectually; all others, without him, do it miserably, and to no purpose. Whatever our brethren's sorrows are, we ought by sympathy to make them our own; they may soon be so.

Verses 6-16 Here is a doleful representation of Job's grievances. What reason we have to bless God, that we are not making such complaints! Even good men, when in great troubles, have much ado not to entertain hard thoughts of God. Eliphaz had represented Job as unhumbled under his affliction: No, says Job, I know better things; the dust is now the fittest place for me. In this he reminds us of Christ, who was a man of sorrows, and pronounced those blessed that mourn, for they shall be comforted.

Verses 17-22 Job's condition was very deplorable; but he had the testimony of his conscience for him, that he never allowed himself in any gross sin. No one was ever more ready to acknowledge sins of infirmity. Eliphaz had charged him with hypocrisy in religion, but he specifies prayer, the great act of religion, and professes that in this he was pure, though not from all infirmity. He had a God to go to, who he doubted not took full notice of all his sorrows. Those who pour out tears before God, though they cannot plead for themselves, by reason of their defects, have a Friend to plead for them, even the Son of man, and on him we must ground all our hopes of acceptance with God. To die, is to go the way whence we shall not return. We must all of us, very certainly, and very shortly, go this journey. Should not then the Saviour be precious to our souls? And ought we not to be ready to obey and to suffer for his sake? If our consciences are sprinkled with his atoning blood, and testify that we are not living in sin or hypocrisy, when we go the way whence we shall not return, it will be a release from prison, and an entrance into everlasting happiness.

Cross References 45

  • 1. Psalms 69:20
  • 2. S Job 6:15; Job 13:4
  • 3. Job 11:2; Job 18:2
  • 4. S Job 6:26
  • 5. S 2 Kings 19:21; Psalms 22:7; Psalms 109:25; Isaiah 37:22; Jeremiah 48:27; Lamentations 2:15; Zephaniah 2:15; S Matthew 27:39
  • 6. Job 29:25
  • 7. S Genesis 37:35
  • 8. S Job 6:3; S Job 7:21
  • 9. S Judges 8:5; S Job 7:3
  • 10. S Job 1:19
  • 11. Job 17:7; Job 19:20; Job 33:21; Psalms 6:7; Psalms 22:17; Psalms 88:9; Psalms 102:5; Psalms 109:24; Lamentations 5:17
  • 12. S Job 10:17
  • 13. S Job 12:14; Hosea 6:1
  • 14. S Job 9:5; Job 18:4; Job 19:11
  • 15. Job 30:21; Psalms 35:16; Psalms 37:12; Psalms 112:10; Lamentations 2:16; Acts 7:54
  • 16. S Job 13:24
  • 17. Psalms 22:13; Psalms 35:21
  • 18. Job 12:4; Job 19:18; Job 21:3; Job 30:1,9; Psalms 22:13; Psalms 69:12; Psalms 119:51
  • 19. Isaiah 50:6; Lamentations 3:30; Micah 5:1; Acts 23:2
  • 20. ver 7; S Job 11:3; Job 19:12; Job 30:12; Psalms 27:3; Psalms 35:15; Acts 7:57
  • 21. S Job 9:24; Job 1:15,17
  • 22. S Job 9:17
  • 23. S Job 6:4; Lamentations 3:12
  • 24. S Job 3:23
  • 25. Job 20:24; Proverbs 7:23; Lamentations 3:13
  • 26. Job 9:17
  • 27. S Job 10:3; Joel 2:7
  • 28. S Genesis 37:34
  • 29. S Job 2:8
  • 30. ver 20; Psalms 6:6
  • 31. Job 2:7; Job 17:7; Job 30:17,30; Job 33:19; Isaiah 52:14
  • 32. Isaiah 55:7; Isaiah 59:6; Jeremiah 18:11; John 3:8
  • 33. S Job 6:28; S Job 10:7; Job 13:7; Isaiah 53:9; Zephaniah 3:13
  • 34. S Genesis 4:10; Isaiah 26:21
  • 35. Psalms 5:2; Psalms 18:6; Psalms 102:1; Psalms 119:169
  • 36. Job 19:24; Psalms 66:18-19; Hebrews 11:4
  • 37. S Genesis 31:50; S Romans 1:9; 1 Thessalonians 2:5
  • 38. Job 22:12; Job 42:2
  • 39. Job 19:27; Job 21:17; Job 25:2; Job 27:13; Job 31:2; Psalms 113:5; Isaiah 33:5; Isaiah 57:15; Isaiah 58:4; Isaiah 66:1; Mark 11:10
  • 40. S Romans 8:34
  • 41. John 15:15
  • 42. Lamentations 2:19
  • 43. S ver 16
  • 44. 1 Kings 8:45; Psalms 9:4; Psalms 140:12
  • 45. S Job 10:21; Ecclesiastes 12:5

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "My friends treat me with scorn"

Chapter Summary


This chapter and the following contain Job's reply to the preceding discourse of Eliphaz, in which he complains of the conversation of his friends, as unprofitable, uncomfortable, vain, empty, and without any foundation, Job 16:1-3; and intimates that were they in his case and circumstances, tie should behave in another manner towards them, not mock at them, but comfort them, Job 16:4,5; though such was his unhappy case, that, whether he spoke or was silent, it was much the same; there was no alloy to his grief, Job 16:6; wherefore he turns himself to God, and speaks to him, and of what he had done to him, both to his family, and to himself; which things, as they proved the reality of his afflictions, were used by his friends as witnesses against him, Job 16:7,8; and then enters upon a detail of his troubles, both at the hands of God and man, in order to move the divine compassion, and the pity of his friends, Job 16:9-14; which occasioned him great sorrow and distress, Job 16:15,16; yet asserts his own innocence, and appeals to God for the truth of it, Job 16:17-19; and applies to him, and wishes his cause was pleaded with him, Job 16:20,21; and concludes with the sense he had of the shortness of his life, Job 16:22; which sentiment is enlarged upon in the following chapter.

Job 16 Commentaries