And ye have this day rejected your God
As their king, by desiring another to be set over them;
who himself saved you out of all your adversity and your tribulations;
that they had been in at any time in Egypt, in their passage through the wilderness to Canaan, and after they were settled there:
ye have said unto him, [nay], but set a king over us:
they did as good as say God should not be their King, but they would have one set over them like the kings of the nations about them; Samuel reminds them of this their request and resolution to have a king, which they had expressed some time ago, that it might appear to them that this was wholly of their own seeking; the motion came from themselves, and not from the Lord, nor from Samuel, and therefore, whatever ill consequences might follow upon it, they had none to blame but themselves:
now therefore present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes, and by
by the heads of their tribes, and by the rulers of the thousands into which their tribes were divided, that it might be known either by Urim and Thummim, or rather by casting lots, out of which tribe, and out of which thousand, house, and family in it, their king was to be chosen; which method, an it would clearly appear to be a choice directed by the Lord, so it would prevent all contention and discord among themselves.