Song of Solomon 4:13

13 Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire,[a] with spikenard,

Song of Solomon 4:13 Meaning and Commentary

Song of Solomon 4:13

Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates
These plants are the members of the church, true converts, believers in Christ; pleasant plants, plants of renown, planted in the church by Christ's heavenly Father, and shall never be plucked up; or, thy gardens, as it may be rendered F14; particular churches, well taken care of and watered; these make an orchard, or are like one, even a paradise, as the word F15 signifies: it is generally thought to be a Persic word; see ( Nehemiah 2:8 ) ; but Hillerus F16 derives it from (rrp) , to "separate", it being a garden, separated and enclosed as before; one like Eden's garden, exceeding pleasant and delightful: and not like an orchard of any sort of trees, but of "pomegranates", of which there were plenty in Canaan, hence called a "land of pomegranates", ( Deuteronomy 8:8 ) ; many places in it had their names from thence, ( Joshua 15:32 ) ( 19:13 ) ( 21:24 ) . To which believers in Christ may be compared, for the various sorts of them F17, for their largeness, fruitfulness, and uprightness; saints have gifts and grace, differing from one another as to size, but all pomegranates, trees of righteousness; some are larger, and excel others, are full of all the fruits of righteousness; but all are, more or less, fruitful and upright in heart: and so the saints of the higher class may be here designed, as those of a lower are by other trees and spices after mentioned; with pleasant fruits;
that are valuable, precious, and desirable, of which an enumeration follows: camphire, with spikenard;
or "cypresses", or "cyprusses with nards" {r}; both in the plural number: the former may intend cypress trees, so called on account of their berries and fruits growing in clusters; see ( Song of Solomon 1:14 ) ; and the latter, because there are different sorts of them, as "nardus Italica", "Indica", and "Celtica": to these saints may be compared, because pleasant and delightful, of a sweet smell, and rare and excellent.


F14 Vid. Guisium in Misn. Sheviith, c. 2. s. 2.
F15 (odrp) (paradeisov) , Sept. "paradisus", Pagninus, Montanus, Tigurine version, Cocceius, Marckius, Michaelis.
F16 Onomastic. Sacr. p. 291.
F17 Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 13. c. 19.
F18 So Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.

Song of Solomon 4:13 In-Context

11 Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb: honey and milk are under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon.
12 A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
13 Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,
14 Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
15 A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon.

Footnotes 1