Matthew 28:18

18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

Matthew 28:18 in Other Translations

KJV
18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying,All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
ESV
18 And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
NLT
18 Jesus came and told his disciples, “I have been given all authority in heaven and on earth.
MSG
18 Jesus, undeterred, went right ahead and gave his charge: "God authorized and commanded me to commission you:
CSB
18 Then Jesus came near and said to them, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

Matthew 28:18 Meaning and Commentary

Matthew 28:18

And Jesus came and spake unto them
To the eleven disciples and apostles; for though there might be so large a number as before observed, yet the following words were only spoken to the apostles:

saying, all power is given unto me in heaven and in earth;
which is to be understood of him, not as God, who has the same original and underived power and authority over all creatures, and things in heaven and earth, as the Father has; but as mediator, to whom all things are delivered by the Father; and not of a power of doing this, or the other thing, or of omnipotence, being the Almighty; nor of doing miracles, and forgiving sins, which he had, and exercised before his death and resurrection, but of governing: he was king before, but his kingdom was not with observation; but now he was declared, and made manifest, to be both Lord and Christ; he had "all" power and authority for the settling the affairs of his church and kingdom, to appoint offices and officers in it, and, to bestow gifts upon men, to qualify them for the same, and to institute ordinances to be observed till his second coming: and this power of his reached to things in heaven; he having the angels in heaven subject to him, as ministering spirits to be sent forth by him at his pleasure; and all the gifts of the Spirit to dispose of as he thought good; and to things on earth, not only to the saints, whose King he is, and who are made willing to serve him; but to all flesh, to kings and princes, who rule and reign by him; and even to all the wicked of the world, who in some shape or another are made to subserve the ends of his mediatorial kingdom and government: and this is not usurped power, but what is given him, and what he has a right to exercise; having finished sin, abolished death, overcome the world, and destroyed the devil; and must reign till all enemies are subject to him: and this he says, and it was necessary to say it at this time, partly on account of his late sufferings and death, which were attended with weakness and reproach; and partly on account of the following commission he gives to his disciples, that it might be seen and believed, he had power and authority sufficient to give them such an one; as also to animate and encourage them under all the weakness, contempt, and persecution that should attend them in their ministry. The Syriac and Persic versions add, "as the Father hath sent me, even so I send you", as in ( John 20:21 ) , from whence these words seem to be taken.

Matthew 28:18 In-Context

16 Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go.
17 When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted.
18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

Cross References 1

  • 1. Daniel 7:13,14; Luke 10:22; John 3:35; S John 13:13; John 17:2; 1 Corinthians 15:27; Ephesians 1:20-22; Philippians 2:9,10