I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse
This verse should rather have concluded the preceding chapter, being Christ's answer to the church's request, which was speedily and exactly granted as she desired; which shows it was according to the will of Christ, and of which he informs her; for sometimes he is present, when it is not known he is: of the titles used, see ( Song of Solomon 4:8 Song of Solomon 4:9 ) ; and of Christ's coming into his garden, ( Song of Solomon 4:16 ) . What he did, when come into it, follows: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice:
to make an ointment of, and anoint his guests with, after invited, as was usual in those times and countries, ( Luke 7:38 Luke 7:46 ) ( Mark 14:3 ) ; "oil of myrrh" is mentioned, ( Esther 2:12 ) ; These may designs, either the sufferings of Christ; which, though like myrrh, bitter to him, are like spice, of a sweet smelling savour, to God and to the saints; the fruits of which, in the salvation of his people, are delightful to himself, and which he is now reaping with pleasure: or the graces of his Spirit in exercise in them, in which Christ delights; see ( Song of Solomon 4:13 Song of Solomon 4:14 ) ; and testifies by his presence; and having got in his harvest, or vintage, as the word F17 used signifies, he makes a feast for himself and friends, as was the custom of former times, and now is; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey:
bread with honey, as the Septuagint version, dipped in honey, or honey put upon it; see ( Ezekiel 16:13 ) ; or the sugar cane with the sugar, as Jarchi, approved by Gussetius F18: the meaning may be, he plucked up a sugar cane and ate the sugar out of it, which is called by Arrianus, (meli kalaminon) , as Cocceius observes; or rather a piece of an honeycomb, full of honey, just taken out of the hive, had in great esteem with the Jews; see ( Luke 24:42 ) ; the word for "honeycomb" properly signifies wood honey, of which there was plenty in Judea, ( 1 Samuel 14:25 ) ; though this was in a garden, where they might have their hives, as we have. By which may be meant the Gospel and its doctrines, sweeter than the honey and the honeycomb; and, being faith fully dispensed, is pleasing to Christ; I have drunk my wine with my milk;
a mixture of wine and milk was used by the ancients F19; and which, Clemens Alexandria says F20, is a very profitable and healthful mixture: by which also may be intended the doctrines of the Gospel, comparable to wine and milk; to the one, for its reviving and cheering quality; to the other, for its nourishing and strengthening nature; see ( Isaiah 55:1 ) ; and (See Gill on Song of Solomon 4:11), and (See Gill on Song of Solomon 7:9). Here is feast, a variety of sweet, savoury, wholesome food and drink; and all Christ's own, "my" myrrh, "my" spice, &c. as both doctrines and graces be: with which Christ feasts himself, and invites his friends to eat and drink with him: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved;
the individuals, of which the church consists, are the "friends" who are reconciled to God by the death of Christ, and to himself by his Spirit and grace; and whom he treats as such, by visiting them, and disclosing the secrets of his heart to them, ( John 15:14 John 15:15 ) ; and "beloved", beloved of God, and by Christ and by the saints there is a mutual friendship and love between Christ and his people: and these he invites to eat of the provisions of his house, of all the fruits of his garden, to which they are welcome; and of his love and grace, and all the blessings of it, which exceed the choicest wine; and of which they may drink freely, and without danger; "yea, be inebriated with loves" F21, as the words may be rendered; see ( Ephesians 5:18 ) . With the eastern people, it was usual to bid their guests welcome, and solicit them to feed on the provisions before them; as it is with the Chinese now, the master of the house takes care to go about, and encourage them to eat and drink F23.