Deuteronomy 5

The Ten Commandments Repeated

1 Then Moses summoned all Israel and said to them: "Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the ordinances which I am speaking today in your hearing, that you may learn them and observe them carefully.
2 "The LORD our God made 1a covenant with us at Horeb.
3 "2The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of us alive here today.
4 "The LORD spoke to you 3face to face at the mountain 4from the midst of the fire,
5 while 5I was standing between the LORD and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the LORD; 6for you were afraid because * of the fire and did not go up the mountain. He said,
6 '7I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
7 '8You shall have no other gods before Me.
8 '9You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above * or on the earth beneath * or in the water under the earth.
9 'You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, 10visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me,
10 but 11showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
11 '12You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.
12 '13Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.
13 'Six days you shall labor and do all your work,
14 but 14the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.
15 '15You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore * the LORD your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day.
16 '16Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, 17that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the LORD your God gives you.
17 '18You shall not murder.
18 '19You shall not commit adultery.
19 '20You shall not steal.
20 '21You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
21 '22You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, and you shall not desire your neighbor's house, his field or his male servant or his female servant, his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.'

Moses Interceded

22 "These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly at the mountain from the midst of the fire, of the cloud and of the thick gloom, with a great voice, and He added no more. 23He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.
23 "And when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders.
24 "You said, 'Behold, the LORD our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire; we have seen today that God speaks with man, yet he lives.
25 '24Now then why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any longer, then we will die.
26 'For 25who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived?
27 'Go near and hear all that the LORD our God says; then speak to us all that the LORD our God speaks to you, and we will hear and do it.'
28 "The LORD heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, 26and the LORD said to me, 'I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They have done well in all that they have spoken.
29 '27Oh * that they had such a heart in them, that they would fear Me and 28keep all My commandments always *, that 29it may be well with them and with their sons forever!
30 'Go, say to them, "Return to your tents."
31 '30But as for you, stand here by Me, that I may speak to you all the commandments and the statutes and the judgments which you shall teach them, that they may observe them in the land which I give them to possess.'
32 "So you shall observe to do just as the LORD your God has commanded you; 31you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left.
33 "32You shall walk in all the way which the LORD your God has commanded you, 33that you may live and that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you will possess.

Deuteronomy 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

The covenant in Horeb. (1-5) The ten commandments repeated. (6-22) The request of the people that the law might be delivered through Moses. (23-33)

Verses 1-5 Moses demands attention. When we hear the word of God we must learn it; and what we have learned we must put in practice, for that is the end of hearing and learning; not to fill our heads with notions, or our mouths with talk, but to direct our affections and conduct.

Verses 6-22 There is some variation here from ( Exodus 20 ) as between the Lord's prayer in #Mt 6| and ( Luke 11 ) . It is more necessary that we tie ourselves to the things, than to the words unalterably. The original reason for hallowing the sabbath, taken from God's resting from the work of creation on the seventh day, is not here mentioned. Though this ever remains in force, it is not the only reason. Here it is taken from Israel's deliverance out of Egypt; for that was typical of our redemption by Jesus Christ, in remembrance of which the Christian sabbath was to be observed. In the resurrection of Christ we were brought into the glorious liberty of the children of God, with a mighty hand, and an outstretched arm. How sweet is it to a soul truly distressed under the terrors of a broken law, to hear the mild and soul-reviving language of the gospel!

Verses 23-33 Moses refers to the consternation caused by the terror with which the law was given. God's appearances have always been terrible to man, ever since the fall; but Christ, having taken away sin, invites us to come boldly to the throne of grace. They were in a good mind, under the strong convictions of the word they heard. Many have their consciences startled by the law who have them not purified; fair promises are extorted from them, but no good principles are fixed and rooted in them. God commended what they said. He desires the welfare and salvation of poor sinners. He has given abundant proof that he does so; he gives us time and space to repent. He has sent his Son to redeem us, promised his Spirit to those who pray for him, and has declared that he has no pleasure in the ruin of sinners. It would be well with many, if there were always such a heart in them, as there seems to be sometimes; when they are under conviction of sin, or the rebukes of providence, or when they come to look death in the face. The only way to be happy, is to be holy. Say to the righteous, It shall be well with them. Let believers make it more and more their study and delight, to do as the Lord God hath commanded.

Cross References 33

  • 1. Exodus 19:5; Malachi 4:4
  • 2. Jeremiah 31:32; Hebrews 8:9
  • 3. Numbers 14:14; Deuteronomy 34:10
  • 4. Deuteronomy 4:33
  • 5. Galatians 3:19
  • 6. Ex 19:16, 21-24; Exodus 20:18; Hebrews 12:18-21
  • 7. Exodus 20:2-17; Leviticus 26:1; Deuteronomy 6:4; Psalms 81:10
  • 8. Exodus 20:3
  • 9. Exodus 20:4-6; Leviticus 26:1; Deuteronomy 4:15-18; Deuteronomy 27:15; Psalms 97:7
  • 10. Exodus 34:7; Numbers 14:18; Deuteronomy 7:10
  • 11. Numbers 14:18; Deuteronomy 7:9; Jeremiah 32:18
  • 12. Exodus 20:7; Leviticus 19:12; Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20; Matthew 5:33
  • 13. Exodus 16:23-30; Exodus 20:8-11; Exodus 31:13; Mark 2:27
  • 14. Genesis 2:2; Hebrews 4:4
  • 15. Exodus 20:11
  • 16. Exodus 20:12; Leviticus 19:3; Deuteronomy 27:16; Matthew 15:4; Matthew 19:19; Mark 7:10; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Ephesians 6:2, 3; Colossians 3:20
  • 17. Deuteronomy 4:40
  • 18. Genesis 9:6; Exodus 20:13; Leviticus 24:17; Matthew 5:21; Matthew 19:18; Mark 10:19; Romans 13:9; James 2:11
  • 19. Exodus 20:14; Leviticus 20:10; Matthew 5:27; Matthew 19:18; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Romans 13:9; James 2:11
  • 20. Exodus 20:15; Leviticus 19:11
  • 21. Exodus 20:16; Exodus 23:1; Matthew 19:18
  • 22. Exodus 20:17; Romans 7:7; Romans 13:9
  • 23. Exodus 24:12; Exodus 31:18; Deuteronomy 4:13
  • 24. Exodus 20:18, 19; Deuteronomy 18:16
  • 25. Deuteronomy 4:33
  • 26. Deuteronomy 18:17
  • 27. Psalms 81:13; Isaiah 48:18
  • 28. Deuteronomy 11:1
  • 29. Deuteronomy 5:16, 33
  • 30. Exodus 24:12
  • 31. Deuteronomy 17:20; Deuteronomy 28:14; Joshua 1:7; Joshua 23:6; Proverbs 4:27
  • 32. Deuteronomy 10:12; Jeremiah 7:23; Luke 1:6
  • 33. Deuteronomy 4:1, 40; Deuteronomy 12:25, 28; Deuteronomy 22:7; Ephesians 6:3

Footnotes 12

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO DEUTERONOMY 5

In this chapter Moses, after a short preface, De 5:1-5, repeats the law of the decalogue, or ten commands, with some little variation, De 5:6-21, and then reminds the Israelites of the terrible manner in which it was delivered to them, De 5:22,23 which put them upon making a request that Moses might be a mediator between God and them, and hear what the Lord had to say, and report it to them; to which they promised obedience, De 5:24-27 and which being agreeable to the Lord was granted, De 5:28-31, and this laid them under a greater obligation to observe the commands of God, and keep them, De 5:32,33.

Deuteronomy 5 Commentaries