Numbers 29

Listen to Numbers 29
1 “Celebrate the Festival of Trumpets each year on the first day of the appointed month in early autumn. You must call an official day for holy assembly, and you may do no ordinary work.
2 On that day you must present a burnt offering as a pleasing aroma to the LORD . It will consist of one young bull, one ram, and seven one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
3 These must be accompanied by grain offerings of choice flour moistened with olive oil—six quarts with the bull, four quarts with the ram,
4 and two quarts with each of the seven lambs.
5 In addition, you must sacrifice a male goat as a sin offering to purify yourselves and make yourselves right with the LORD .
6 These special sacrifices are in addition to your regular monthly and daily burnt offerings, and they must be given with their prescribed grain offerings and liquid offerings. These offerings are given as a special gift to the LORD, a pleasing aroma to him.
7 “Ten days later, on the tenth day of the same month, you must call another holy assembly. On that day, the Day of Atonement, the people must go without food and must do no ordinary work.
8 You must present a burnt offering as a pleasing aroma to the LORD . It will consist of one young bull, one ram, and seven one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
9 These offerings must be accompanied by the prescribed grain offerings of choice flour moistened with olive oil—six quarts of choice flour with the bull, four quarts of choice flour with the ram,
10 and two quarts of choice flour with each of the seven lambs.
11 You must also sacrifice one male goat for a sin offering. This is in addition to the sin offering of atonement and the regular daily burnt offering with its grain offering, and their accompanying liquid offerings.
12 “Five days later, on the fifteenth day of the same month, you must call another holy assembly of all the people, and you may do no ordinary work on that day. It is the beginning of the Festival of Shelters, a seven-day festival to the LORD .
13 On the first day of the festival, you must present a burnt offering as a special gift, a pleasing aroma to the LORD . It will consist of thirteen young bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
14 Each of these offerings must be accompanied by a grain offering of choice flour moistened with olive oil—six quarts for each of the thirteen bulls, four quarts for each of the two rams,
15 and two quarts for each of the fourteen lambs.
16 You must also sacrifice a male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
17 “On the second day of this seven-day festival, sacrifice twelve young bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
18 Each of these offerings of bulls, rams, and lambs must be accompanied by its prescribed grain offering and liquid offering.
19 You must also sacrifice a male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
20 “On the third day of the festival, sacrifice eleven young bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
21 Each of these offerings of bulls, rams, and lambs must be accompanied by its prescribed grain offering and liquid offering.
22 You must also sacrifice a male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
23 “On the fourth day of the festival, sacrifice ten young bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
24 Each of these offerings of bulls, rams, and lambs must be accompanied by its prescribed grain offering and liquid offering.
25 You must also sacrifice a male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
26 “On the fifth day of the festival, sacrifice nine young bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
27 Each of these offerings of bulls, rams, and lambs must be accompanied by its prescribed grain offering and liquid offering.
28 You must also sacrifice a male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
29 “On the sixth day of the festival, sacrifice eight young bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
30 Each of these offerings of bulls, rams, and lambs must be accompanied by its prescribed grain offering and liquid offering.
31 You must also sacrifice a male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
32 “On the seventh day of the festival, sacrifice seven young bulls, two rams, and fourteen one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
33 Each of these offerings of bulls, rams, and lambs must be accompanied by its prescribed grain offering and liquid offering.
34 You must also sacrifice one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
35 “On the eighth day of the festival, proclaim another holy day. You must do no ordinary work on that day.
36 You must present a burnt offering as a special gift, a pleasing aroma to the LORD . It will consist of one young bull, one ram, and seven one-year-old male lambs, all with no defects.
37 Each of these offerings must be accompanied by its prescribed grain offering and liquid offering.
38 You must also sacrifice one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its accompanying grain offering and liquid offering.
39 “You must present these offerings to the LORD at your annual festivals. These are in addition to the sacrifices and offerings you present in connection with vows, or as voluntary offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings, liquid offerings, or peace offerings.”
40 So Moses gave all of these instructions to the people of Israel as the LORD had commanded him.

Numbers 29 Commentary

Chapter 29

The offering at the feats of trumpets, and on the day of atonement. (1-11) Offerings at the feast of tabernacles. (12-40)

Verses 1-11 There were more sacred solemnities in the seventh month than in any other. It was the space between harvest and seed-time. The more leisure we have from the pressing occupations of this life, the more time we should spend in the immediate service of God. The blowing of the trumpets was appointed, ( Leviticus 22:24 ) . Here they are directed what sacrifices to offer on that day. Those who would know the mind of God in the Scriptures, must compare one part with another. The latter discoveries of Divine light explain what was dark, and supply what was wanting, in the former, that the man of God may be perfect.

Verses 12-40 Soon after the day of atonement, the day in which men were to afflict their souls, followed the feast of Tabernacles, in which they were to rejoice before the Lord. Their days of rejoicing were to be days of sacrifices. A disposition to be cheerful does us good, when it encourages our hearts in the duties of God's service. All the days of dwelling in booths they must offer sacrifices; while we are here in a tabernacle state, it is our interest, as well as our duty, constantly to keep up communion with God. The sacrifices for each of the seven days are appointed. Every day there must be a sin-offering, as in the other feasts. Our burnt-offerings of praise cannot be accepted of God, unless we have an interest in the great sacrifice which Christ offered, when he made himself a Sin-offering for us. And no extraordinary services should put aside stated devotions. Every thing here reminds us of our sinfulness. The life that we live in the flesh must be by the faith of the Son of God; until we go to be with him, to behold his glory, and praise his mercy, who hath loved us and washed us from our sins in his own blood. To whom be honour and glory for ever. Amen.

Footnotes 9

  • [a]. Hebrew the first day of the seventh month. This day in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in September or October. This festival is celebrated today as Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish new year.
  • [b]. Hebrew of an ephah [6.6 liters]; also in 29:9, 14 .
  • [c]. Hebrew of an ephah [4.4 liters]; also in 29:9, 14 .
  • [d]. Hebrew of an ephah [2.2 liters]; also in 29:10, 15 .
  • [e]. Or to make atonement for yourselves.
  • [f]. Hebrew On the tenth day of the seventh month; see 29:1 and the note there. This day in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in September or October. It is celebrated today as Yom Kippur.
  • [g]. Hebrew On the fifteenth day of the seventh month; see 29:1, 7 and the notes there. This day in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in late September, October, or early November.
  • [h]. Or Festival of Booths, or Festival of Tabernacles . This was earlier called the Festival of the Final Harvest or Festival of Ingathering (see Exod 23:16b ). It is celebrated today as Sukkot (or Succoth).
  • [i]. Verse 29:40 is numbered 30:1 in Hebrew text.

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS 29

In this chapter an account is given of the various offerings on the several remarkable days in the seventh month of the year; at the feast of blowing the trumpets on the first day of the month, Nu 29:1-6, at the great fast or day of atonement, which was the tenth of the month, Nu 29:7-11, and at the feast of tabernacles, which began on the fifteenth day of the same month, and continued eight days, and the sacrifices of every day are particularly mentioned; of the first day, Nu 29:12-16, of the second day, Nu 29:17-19, of the third day, Nu 29:20-22, of the fourth day, Nu 29:23,24, of the fifth day, Nu 29:26-28, of the sixth day, Nu 29:29-31, of the seventh day, Nu 29:32-34, and of the eighth day, Nu 29:35-38, which sacrifices were to be offered, besides their vows and freewill offerings, of which Moses gave a faithful account, according to the command of God, Nu 29:39,40.

Numbers 29 Commentaries