Numbers 2:3

3 On the east, toward the sunrise, the divisions of the camp of Judah are to encamp under their standard. The leader of the people of Judah is Nahshon son of Amminadab.

Read Numbers 2:3 Using Other Translations

And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies: and Nahshon the son of Amminadab shall be captain of the children of Judah.
Those to camp on the east side toward the sunrise shall be of the standard of the camp of Judah by their companies, the chief of the people of Judah being Nahshon the son of Amminadab,
“The divisions of Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun are to camp toward the sunrise on the east side of the Tabernacle, beneath their family banners. These are the names of the tribes, their leaders, and the numbers of their registered troops: Tribe Leader Number Judah Nahshon son of Amminadab 74,600

What does Numbers 2:3 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Numbers 2:3

And on the east side, towards the rising of the sun
Which rises in the east; or of all; for, as Jarchi observes, that which is "before" is called "Kedem", the east, as the west is called "behind":

shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch, throughout
their armies;
the tribes of Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun, formed one camp, which had its name from the principal tribe Judah; and this was divided into various regiments and companies, called armies, who severally pitched under one and the same standard. It is said F7 Judah's stone was the "nophech" (which we render an emerald), and his flag was coloured in the likeness of the colour of the heavens, and there was formed upon it a lion. Issachar's was the sapphire, and his flag was coloured black, like to black lead, and there were framed upon it the sun and moon, on account of what is said, ( 1 Chronicles 12:32 ) . Zebulun's was a diamond, and his flag was coloured white, and there was formed upon it a ship, because of what is said, ( Genesis 49:13 ) ;

and Nahshon, the son of Amminadab, [shall be] captain of the children
of Judah;
who had been assisting in numbering the people, and who afterwards offered to the dedication of the altar, ( Numbers 1:2 ) ( 7:2 ) .


FOOTNOTES:

F7 Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 2. fol. 178. 2.
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