Proverbs 29:2

2 When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; when the wicked rule, the people groan.

Read Proverbs 29:2 Using Other Translations

When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.
When the righteous increase, the people rejoice, but when the wicked rule, the people groan.
When the godly are in authority, the people rejoice. But when the wicked are in power, they groan.

What does Proverbs 29:2 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Proverbs 29:2

When the righteous are in authority
Or "are increased" {g}; either in number or in riches, or in power and dominion; are set in high places, and have the exercise of civil government and the execution of the laws in their hands; for the protection of good men in their civil and religious privileges, and for the punishment of evil men; for the encouraging of all that is good, and for the discouraging of everything that is bad; the people rejoice;
the whole body of the people, because of the public good; a state is happy under such an administration; everyone feels and enjoys the advantage of it; see ( 1 Kings 4:20 ) ; but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn;
or "groan" F8, or "will groan", under their tyranny and oppression, and because of the sad state of things; the number of good men is lessened, being cut off, or obliged to flee; wicked men and wickedness are encouraged and promoted; heavy taxes are laid upon them, and exorbitant demands made and cruelty, injustice, and arbitrary power exercised; and no man's person and property safe; see ( Proverbs 10:11 ) ( Proverbs 28:12 Proverbs 28:28 ) .


FOOTNOTES:

F7 (twbrb) "cum augentur", Junius & Tremellius; "cum multiplicati fuerit, vel multiplicantur", Vatablus, Baynus, Cocceius, Michaelis; "in multiplicari justos", Montanus.
F8 (xnay) "gemet", Pagninus, Montanus, V. L. "gemit", Michaelis; "ingemiscit", Schultens; so the Tugurine version, Mercerus; "suspirat", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius.
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