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Psalms 69:21

21 They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.

Psalms 69:21 in Other Translations

21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
21 They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.
21 But instead, they give me poison for food; they offer me sour wine for my thirst.
21 They put poison in my soup, Vinegar in my drink.
21 Instead, they gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Psalms 69:21 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 69:21

They gave me also gall for my meat
Either some bitter herb mentioned with wormwood and hemlock, ( Deuteronomy 29:18 ) ( Lamentations 3:19 ) ( Amos 6:12 ) ; or the gall of some animal The Targum renders it,

``the gall of the heads of serpents:''

the poison of some serpents is in their heads, and the word that is here used signifies the head; see ( Deuteronomy 32:33 ) ( Job 20:14 ) . This was literally fulfilled in Christ, ( Matthew 27:34 ) ; and showed that he bore the curse of the law; that being given to him for food, which was not fit to be eaten; thereby intimating, that he deserved not to have the common food and necessaries of life; which is the case of those in whose place and stead he suffered: and this may be a rebuke to such who, through fulness and affluence, are apt to slight and contemn some of the good creatures of God, which ought to be received with thanksgiving; let them remember the gall that was given Christ for meat. And this may serve to reconcile poor Christians to that mean fare and low way of living they are obliged to; though they, have but a dinner of herbs, or bread and water, it is better fare than their Lord's; it is not gall;

and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink;
Christ, when on the cross, was athirst, which was occasioned by a fever that usually attended persons in his circumstances; see ( Psalms 22:15 ) ; and, that this Scripture might be fulfilled, he signified it, saying, "I thirst"; upon which vinegar was given to him, as all the evangelists relate; ( Matthew 27:48 ) ( Mark 15:36 ) ( Luke 23:36 ) ( John 19:28 John 19:29 ) . This shows the truth of Christ's human nature; that it was a true and real body that he assumed, which was subject to hunger and thirst, and was supported by food and drink, as our bodies are; also the truth of divine revelation; since such a minute circumstance as this, predicted so many hundred years ago, should, after so long a time, be exactly fulfilled; and likewise the truth of the Messiahship of Jesus, in whom this, and every thing else said Messiah, in the Law, the Prophets, and the book of Psalms, were fully accomplished; and therefore it may be strongly concluded that this is he of whom they spoke. Moreover, this expresses the inhumanity of the enemies of Christ, to use him in this manner, when he was suffering and dying; see ( Proverbs 31:6 Proverbs 31:7 ) .

Psalms 69:21 In-Context

19 You know how I am scorned, disgraced and shamed; all my enemies are before you.
20 Scorn has broken my heart and has left me helpless; I looked for sympathy, but there was none, for comforters, but I found none.
21 They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.
22 May the table set before them become a snare; may it become retribution and a trap.
23 May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever.

Cross References 2

  • 1. S Numbers 6:3; Matthew 27:48; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36
  • 2. Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23; John 19:28-30
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