Psalms 69

For the director of music. To the tune of “Lilies.” Of David.

1 [a]Save me, O God, for the waters have come up to my neck.
2 I sink in the miry depths, where there is no foothold. I have come into the deep waters; the floods engulf me.
3 I am worn out calling for help; my throat is parched. My eyes fail, looking for my God.
4 Those who hate me without reason outnumber the hairs of my head; many are my enemies without cause, those who seek to destroy me. I am forced to restore what I did not steal.
5 You, God, know my folly; my guilt is not hidden from you.
6 Lord, the LORD Almighty, may those who hope in you not be disgraced because of me; God of Israel, may those who seek you not be put to shame because of me.
7 For I endure scorn for your sake, and shame covers my face.
8 I am a foreigner to my own family, a stranger to my own mother’s children;
9 for zeal for your house consumes me, and the insults of those who insult you fall on me.
10 When I weep and fast, I must endure scorn;
11 when I put on sackcloth, people make sport of me.
12 Those who sit at the gate mock me, and I am the song of the drunkards.
13 But I pray to you, LORD, in the time of your favor; in your great love, O God, answer me with your sure salvation.
14 Rescue me from the mire, do not let me sink; deliver me from those who hate me, from the deep waters.
15 Do not let the floodwaters engulf me or the depths swallow me up or the pit close its mouth over me.
16 Answer me, LORD, out of the goodness of your love; in your great mercy turn to me.
17 Do not hide your face from your servant; answer me quickly, for I am in trouble.
18 Come near and rescue me; deliver me because of my foes.
19 You know how I am scorned, disgraced and shamed; all my enemies are before you.
20 Scorn has broken my heart and has left me helpless; I looked for sympathy, but there was none, for comforters, but I found none.
21 They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.
22 May the table set before them become a snare; may it become retribution and[b] a trap.
23 May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever.
24 Pour out your wrath on them; let your fierce anger overtake them.
25 May their place be deserted; let there be no one to dwell in their tents.
26 For they persecute those you wound and talk about the pain of those you hurt.
27 Charge them with crime upon crime; do not let them share in your salvation.
28 May they be blotted out of the book of life and not be listed with the righteous.
29 But as for me, afflicted and in pain— may your salvation, God, protect me.
30 I will praise God’s name in song and glorify him with thanksgiving.
31 This will please the LORD more than an ox, more than a bull with its horns and hooves.
32 The poor will see and be glad— you who seek God, may your hearts live!
33 The LORD hears the needy and does not despise his captive people.
34 Let heaven and earth praise him, the seas and all that move in them,
35 for God will save Zion and rebuild the cities of Judah. Then people will settle there and possess it;
36 the children of his servants will inherit it, and those who love his name will dwell there.

Images for Psalms 69

Psalms 69 Commentary

Chapter 69

David complains of great distress. (1-12) And begs for succour. (13-21) He declares the judgments of God. (22-29) He concludes with joy and praise. (30-36)

Verses 1-12 We should frequently consider the person of the Sufferer here spoken of, and ask why, as well as what he suffered, that, meditating thereon, we may be more humbled for sin, and more convinced of our danger, so that we may feel more gratitude and love, constraining us to live to His glory who died for our salvation. Hence we learn, when in affliction, to commit the keeping of our souls to God, that we may not be soured with discontent, or sink into despair. David was hated wrongfully, but the words far more fully apply to Christ. In a world where unrighteousness reigns so much, we must not wonder if we meet with those that are our enemies wrongfully. Let us take care that we never do wrong; then if we receive wrong, we may the better bear it. By the satisfaction Christ made to God for our sin by his blood, he restored that which he took not away, he paid our debt, suffered for our offences. Even when we can plead Not guilty, as to men's unjust accusations, yet before God we must acknowledge ourselves to deserve all that is brought upon us. All our sins take rise from our foolishness. They are all done in God's sight. David complains of the unkindness of friends and relations. This was fulfilled in Christ, whose brethren did not believe on him, and who was forsaken by his disciples. Christ made satisfaction for us, not only by putting off the honours due to God, but by submitting to the greatest dishonours that could be done to any man. We need not be discouraged if our zeal for the truths, precepts, and worship of God, should provoke some, and cause others to mock our godly sorrow and deadness to the world.

Verses 13-21 Whatever deep waters of affliction or temptation we sink into, whatever floods of trouble or ungodly men seem ready to overwhelm us, let us persevere in prayer to our Lord to save us. The tokens of God's favour to us are enough to keep our spirits from sinking in the deepest outward troubles. If we think well of God, and continue to do so under the greatest hardships, we need not fear but he will do well for us. And if at any time we are called on to suffer reproach and shame, for Christ's sake, this may be our comfort, that he knows it. It bears hard on one that knows the worth of a good name, to be oppressed with a bad one; but when we consider what a favour it is to be accounted worthy to suffer shame for the name of Jesus, we shall see that there is no reason why it should be heart-breaking to us. The sufferings of Christ were here particularly foretold, which proves the Scripture to be the word of God; and how exactly these predictions were fulfilled in Jesus Christ, which proves him to be the true Messiah. The vinegar and the gall given to him, were a faint emblem of that bitter cup which he drank up, that we might drink the cup of salvation. We cannot expect too little from men, miserable comforters are they all; nor can we expect too much from the God of all comfort and consolation.

Verses 22-29 These are prophecies of the destruction of Christ's ( psalms 69:22-23 ) upon the unbelieving Jews, in ( romans 11:9 romans 11:10 ) . When the supports of life and delights of sense, through the corruption of our nature, are made the food and fuel of sin, then our table is a snare. Their sin was, that they would not see, but shut their eyes against the light, loving darkness rather; their punishment was, that they should not see, but should be given up to their own hearts' lusts which hardened them. Those who reject God's great salvation proffered to them, may justly fear that his indignation will be poured out upon them. If men will sin, the Lord will reckon for it. But those that have multiplied to sin, may yet find mercy, through the righteousness of the Mediator. God shuts not out any from that righteousness; the gospel excludes none who do not, by unbelief, shut themselves out. But those who are proud and self-willed, so that they will not come in to God's righteousness, shall have their doom accordingly; they themselves decide it. Let those not expect any benefit thereby, who are not glad to be beholden to it. It is better to be poor and sorrowful, with the blessing of the Lord, than rich and jovial, and under his curse. This may be applied to Christ. He was, when on earth, a man of sorrows that had not where to lay his head; but God exalted him. Let us call upon the Lord, and though poor and sorrowful, guilty and defiled, his salvation will set us up on high.

Verses 30-36 The psalmist concludes the psalm with holy joy and praise, which he began with complaints of his grief. It is a great comfort to us, that humble and thankful praises are more pleasing to God than the most costly, pompous sacrifices. The humble shall look to him, and be glad; those that seek him through Christ shall live and be comforted. God will do great things for the gospel church, in which let all who wish well to it rejoice. A seed shall serve him on earth, and his servants shall inherit his heavenly kingdom. Those that love his name shall dwell before him for ever. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things? Arise, thou great Restorer of the ancient places to dwell in, and turn away ungodliness from thy people.

Cross References 59

  • 1. S Psalms 42:7
  • 2. Psalms 32:6; John 2:5
  • 3. S Job 30:19; Psalms 40:2
  • 4. Psalms 6:6
  • 5. Psalms 119:82; Isaiah 38:14
  • 6. S Psalms 25:19
  • 7. John 15:25*
  • 8. S Psalms 35:19; Psalms 38:19
  • 9. Psalms 40:14; Psalms 119:95; Isaiah 32:7
  • 10. Psalms 38:5
  • 11. S Psalms 44:21
  • 12. S Psalms 39:8
  • 13. Jeremiah 15:15
  • 14. Psalms 44:15
  • 15. Job 19:13-15; Psalms 31:11; Psalms 38:11; Isaiah 53:3; John 7:5
  • 16. John 2:17*
  • 17. Psalms 89:50-51; Romans 15:3*
  • 18. S Psalms 35:13
  • 19. S 2 Samuel 3:31; S Psalms 35:13
  • 20. S Genesis 18:1; S Genesis 23:10
  • 21. Job 30:9
  • 22. Isaiah 49:8; 2 Corinthians 6:2
  • 23. S Psalms 17:7; Psalms 51:1
  • 24. ver 2; Psalms 144:7
  • 25. Psalms 124:4-5
  • 26. Numbers 16:33
  • 27. Psalms 28:1
  • 28. S Psalms 63:3
  • 29. S Psalms 22:24; Psalms 27:9
  • 30. Psalms 143:7
  • 31. S Psalms 50:15; Psalms 66:14
  • 32. Psalms 49:15
  • 33. S Psalms 22:6
  • 34. Job 16:2
  • 35. Psalms 142:4; Isaiah 63:5
  • 36. S Numbers 6:3; Matthew 27:48; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36
  • 37. Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23; John 19:28-30
  • 38. S 1 Samuel 28:9; S Job 18:10
  • 39. Isaiah 6:9-10; Romans 11:9-10*
  • 40. Psalms 79:6; Jeremiah 10:25
  • 41. S Leviticus 26:43; Matthew 23:38
  • 42. Acts 1:20*
  • 43. S Job 19:22; Isaiah 53:4; Zechariah 1:15
  • 44. Nehemiah 4:5
  • 45. Psalms 109:14; Isaiah 26:10
  • 46. Exodus 32:32-33; S Luke 10:20; Philippians 4:3
  • 47. Ezekiel 13:9
  • 48. S Psalms 20:1; Psalms 59:1; Psalms 70:5
  • 49. Psalms 28:7
  • 50. Psalms 34:3
  • 51. Psalms 50:9-13; Psalms 51:16
  • 52. S Psalms 34:2
  • 53. Psalms 22:26
  • 54. Psalms 12:5; Psalms 68:6
  • 55. Psalms 96:11; Psalms 98:7; Psalms 148:1; Isaiah 44:23; Isaiah 49:13; Isaiah 55:12
  • 56. Obadiah 1:17
  • 57. S Ezra 9:9; S Psalms 51:18; Isaiah 44:26
  • 58. Psalms 25:13
  • 59. S Psalms 37:29; Psalms 102:28

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. In Hebrew texts 69:1-36 is numbered 69:2-37.
  • [b]. Or "snare" / "and their fellowship become"

Chapter Summary

Psalms 69 Commentaries

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