Luke 19

1 And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.
2 And behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus who was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
3 And he sought to see Jesus, who He was, but could not for the press of the crowd, because he was short in stature.
4 And he ran ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see Him, for He was to pass that way.
5 And when Jesus came to the place, He looked up and saw him, and said unto him, "Zacchaeus, make haste and come down, for today I must abide at thy house."
6 And he made haste and came down, and received Him joyfully.
7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying that He had gone to be the guest of a man who was a sinner.
8 And Zacchaeus stood and said unto the Lord, "Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken anything from any man by false accusation, I restore to him fourfold."
9 And Jesus said unto him, "This day is salvation come to this house, in that he also is a son of Abraham.
10 For the Son of Man is come to seek and to save that which was lost."
11 And as they heard these things, He added and spoke a parable, because He was nigh to Jerusalem and because they thought that the Kingdom of God should immediately appear.
12 He said therefore, "A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
13 And he called his ten servants and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, `Make use of it till I come.'
14 But his citizens hated him and sent a message after him, saying, `We will not have this man to reign over us.'
15 And it came to pass that when he had returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
16 Then came the first, saying, `Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds.'
17 And he said unto him, `Well done, thou good servant; because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.'
18 And the second came, saying, `Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds.'
19 And he said likewise to him, `Be thou also over five cities.'
20 And another came, saying, `Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid away in a napkin.
21 For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up what thou layest not down, and reapest what thou did not sow.'
22 And he said unto him, `Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up what I laid not down and reaping what I did not sow.
23 Why then gavest not thou my money unto the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with interest?'
24 And he said unto them that stood by, `Take from him the pound and give it to him that hath ten pounds.'
25 (And they said unto him, `Lord, he hath ten pounds!')
26 `For I say unto you, that unto every one that hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that which he hath shall be taken away from him.
27 But those mine enemies, who would not that I should reign over them, bring them hither and slay them before me.'"
28 And when Jesus had thus spoken, He went ahead, ascending up to Jerusalem.
29 And it came to pass, when He had come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the Mount of Olives, He sent two of His disciples,
30 saying, "Go ye into the village opposite you, in which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat. Loose him and bring him hither.
31 And if any man ask you, `Why do ye loose him?' thus shall ye say unto him, `Because the Lord hath need of him.'"
32 And those who were sent went their way and found even as He had said unto them.
33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, "Why loose ye the colt?"
34 And they said, "The Lord hath need of him."
35 And they brought him to Jesus, and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.
36 And as He went, they spread their clothes along the way.
37 And when He had come nigh, even now at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen,
38 saying, "Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto Him, "Master, rebuke thy disciples."
40 And He answered and said unto them, "I tell you that if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out."
41 And when He had come near, He beheld the city and wept over it,
42 saying, "If thou had known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which must be for thy peace! But now they are hid from thine eyes.
43 For the days shall come upon thee that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee around, and keep thee in on every side.
44 And they shall lay thee even with the ground and thy children within thee; and they shalt not leave in thee one stone upon another, because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation."
45 And He went into the temple and began to cast out those who sold therein and those who bought,
46 saying unto them, "It is written, `My house is the house of prayer,' but ye have made it a den of thieves."
47 And He taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy Him;
48 and they could not find what they might do, for all the people were very attentive to hear Him.

Luke 19 Commentary

Chapter 19

The conversion of Zaccheus. (1-10) The parable of the nobleman and his servants. (11-27) Christ enters Jerusalem. (28-40) Christ laments over Jerusalem. (41-48)

Verses 1-10 Those who sincerely desire a sight of Christ, like Zaccheus, will break through opposition, and take pains to see him. Christ invited himself to Zaccheus' house. Wherever Christ comes he opens the heart, and inclines it to receive him. He that has a mind to know Christ, shall be known of him. Those whom Christ calls, must humble themselves, and come down. We may well receive him joyfully, who brings all good with him. Zaccheus gave proofs publicly that he was become a true convert. He does not look to be justified by his works, as the Pharisee; but by his good works he will, through the grace of God, show the sincerity of his faith and repentance. Zaccheus is declared to be a happy man, now he is turned from sin to God. Now that he is saved from his sins, from the guilt of them, from the power of them, all the benefits of salvation are his. Christ is come to his house, and where Christ comes he brings salvation with him. He came into this lost world to seek and to save it. His design was to save, when there was no salvation in any other. He seeks those that sought him not, and asked not for him.

Verses 11-27 This parable is like that of the talents, ( Matthew 25 ) . Those that are called to Christ, he furnishes with gifts needful for their business; and from those to whom he gives power, he expects service. The manifestation of the Spirit is given to ( 1 Corinthians. 12:7 ) ( 1 Peter. 4:10 ) account required, resembles that in the parable of the talents; and the punishment of the avowed enemies of Christ, as well as of false professors, is shown. The principal difference is, that the pound given to each seems to point out the gift of the gospel, which is the same to all who hear it; but the talents, distributed more or less, seem to mean that God gives different capacities and advantages to men, by which this one gift of the gospel may be differently improved.

Verses 28-40 Christ has dominion over all creatures, and may use them as he pleases. He has all men's hearts both under his eye and in his hand. Christ's triumphs, and his disciples' joyful praises, vex proud Pharisees, who are enemies to him and to his kingdom. But Christ, as he despises the contempt of the proud, so he accepts the praises of the humble. Pharisees would silence the praises of Christ, but they cannot; for as God can out of stones raise up children unto Abraham, and turn the stony heart to himself, so he can bring praise out of the mouths of children. And what will be the feelings of men when the Lord returns in glory to judge the world!

Verses 41-48 Who can behold the holy Jesus, looking forward to the miseries that awaited his murderers, weeping over the city where his precious blood was about to be shed, without seeing that the likeness of God in the believer, consists much in good-will and compassion? Surely those cannot be right who take up any doctrines of truth, so as to be hardened towards their fellow-sinners. But let every one remember, that though Jesus wept over Jerusalem, he executed awful vengeance upon it. Though he delights not in the death of a sinner, yet he will surely bring to pass his awful threatenings on those who neglect his salvation. The Son of God did not weep vain and causeless tears, nor for a light matter, nor for himself. He knows the value of souls, the weight of guilt, and how low it will press and sink mankind. May he then come and cleanse our hearts by his Spirit, from all that defiles. May sinners, on every side, become attentive to the words of truth and salvation.

Luke 19 Commentaries