1 Kings 4 NIV

Solomon's Officials and Governors

1 So King Solomon ruled over all Israel.

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      2 And these were his chief officials:1 Azariah2 son of Zadok--the priest;

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      3 Elihoreph and Ahijah, sons of Shisha--secretaries;3 Jehoshaphat4 son of Ahilud--recorder;

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      4 Benaiah5 son of Jehoiada--commander in chief; Zadok6 and Abiathar--priests;

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      5 Azariah son of Nathan--in charge of the district officers; Zabud son of Nathan--a priest and personal adviser to the king;
      6 Ahishar--in charge of the palace;7 Adoniram8 son of Abda--in charge of forced labor.9

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      7 Solomon also had twelve district governors10 over all Israel, who supplied provisions for the king and the royal household. Each one had to provide supplies for one month in the year.

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        • 10 4:7 - ver 27
          8 These are their names: Ben-Hur--in the hill country11 of Ephraim;

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          9 Ben-Deker--in Makaz, Shaalbim,12 Beth Shemesh13 and Elon Bethhanan;

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          10 Ben-Hesed--in Arubboth (Socoh14 and all the land of Hepher15 were his);

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          11 Ben-Abinadab--in Naphoth Dora16 (he was married to Taphath daughter of Solomon);

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            • a 4:11 - Or "in the heights of Dor"
              12 Baana son of Ahilud--in Taanach and Megiddo, and in all of Beth Shan17 next to Zarethan18 below Jezreel, from Beth Shan to Abel Meholah19 across to Jokmeam;20

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              13 Ben-Geber--in Ramoth Gilead (the settlements of Jair21 son of Manasseh in Gilead22 were his, as well as the district of Argob in Bashan and its sixty large walled cities23 with bronze gate bars);

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              14 Ahinadab son of Iddo--in Mahanaim;24

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              15 Ahimaaz25--in Naphtali (he had married Basemath daughter of Solomon);

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              16 Baana son of Hushai26--in Asher and in Aloth;

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              17 Jehoshaphat son of Paruah--in Issachar;
              18 Shimei27 son of Ela--in Benjamin;

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              19 Geber son of Uri--in Gilead (the country of Sihon28 king of the Amorites and the country of Og29 king of Bashan). He was the only governor over the district.

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              Solomon's Daily Provisions

              20 The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand30 on the seashore; they ate, they drank and they were happy.31

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              21 And Solomon ruled32 over all the kingdoms from the Riverb33 to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt.34 These countries brought tribute35 and were Solomon's subjects all his life.

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                • b 4:21 - That is, the Euphrates; also in verse 24
                  22 Solomon's daily provisions36 were thirty corsc of fine flour and sixty corsd of meal,

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                    • c 4:22 - That is, probably about 185 bushels (about 6.6 kiloliters)
                    • d 4:22 - That is, probably about 375 bushels (about 13.2 kiloliters)
                      23 ten head of stall-fed cattle, twenty of pasture-fed cattle and a hundred sheep and goats, as well as deer, gazelles, roebucks and choice fowl.37

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                      24 For he ruled over all the kingdoms west of the River, from Tiphsah38 to Gaza, and had peace39 on all sides.

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                      25 During Solomon's lifetime Judah and Israel, from Dan to Beersheba,40 lived in safety,41 each man under his own vine and fig tree.42
                      26 Solomon had foure thousand stalls for chariot horses,43 and twelve thousand horses.f

                      References for 1 Kings 4:26

                        • e 4:26 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 2 Chron. 9:25); Hebrew "forty"
                        • f 4:26 - Or "charioteers"
                          27 The district officers,44 each in his month, supplied provisions for King Solomon and all who came to the king's table. They saw to it that nothing was lacking.

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                              28 They also brought to the proper place their quotas of barley and straw for the chariot horses and the other horses.

                              Solomon's Wisdom

                              29 God gave Solomon wisdom45 and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand46 on the seashore.

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                              30 Solomon's wisdom was greater than the wisdom of all the men of the East,47 and greater than all the wisdom of Egypt.48

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                              31 He was wiser49 than any other man, including Ethan the Ezrahite--wiser than Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol. And his fame spread to all the surrounding nations.

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                              32 He spoke three thousand proverbs50 and his songs51 numbered a thousand and five.

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                              33 He described plant life, from the cedar of Lebanon to the hyssop52 that grows out of walls. He also taught about animals and birds, reptiles and fish.

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                              34 Men of all nations came to listen to Solomon's wisdom, sent by all the kings53 of the world, who had heard of his wisdom.

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