1 Samuel 18 NIV

Saul's Jealousy of David

1 After David had finished talking with Saul, Jonathan1 became one in spirit with David, and he loved2 him as himself.3

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2 From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return to his father's house.
3 And Jonathan made a covenant4 with David because he loved him as himself.

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4 Jonathan took off the robe5 he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his tunic, and even his sword, his bow and his belt.6

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5 Whatever Saul sent him to do, David did it so successfullya7 that Saul gave him a high rank in the army.8 This pleased all the people, and Saul's officers as well.

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    • a 18:5 - Or "wisely"
      6 When the men were returning home after David had killed the Philistine, the women came out from all the towns of Israel to meet King Saul with singing and dancing,9 with joyful songs and with tambourines10 and lutes.

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      7 As they danced, they sang:11 "Saul has slain his thousands, and David his tens12 of thousands."

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      8 Saul was very angry; this refrain galled him. "They have credited David with tens of thousands," he thought, "but me with only thousands. What more can he get but the kingdom?13"

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      9 And from that time on Saul kept a jealous14 eye on David.

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      10 The next day an evilb spirit15 from God came forcefully upon Saul. He was prophesying in his house, while David was playing the harp,16 as he usually17 did. Saul had a spear18 in his hand

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        • b 18:10 - Or "injurious"
          11 and he hurled it, saying to himself,19 "I'll pin David to the wall." But David eluded20 him twice.21

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          12 Saul was afraid22 of David, because the LORD 23 was with24 David but had left25 Saul.

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          13 So he sent David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David led26 the troops in their campaigns.27

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          14 In everything he did he had great success,c28 because the LORD was with29 him.

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            • c 18:14 - Or "he was very wise"
              15 When Saul saw how successfuld he was, he was afraid of him.

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                  16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them in their campaigns.30

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                  17 Saul said to David, "Here is my older daughter31 Merab. I will give her to you in marriage;32 only serve me bravely and fight the battles33 of the LORD." For Saul said to himself,34 "I will not raise a hand against him. Let the Philistines do that!"

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                  18 But David said to Saul, "Who am I,35 and what is my family or my father's clan in Israel, that I should become the king's son-in-law?36"

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                  19 Soe when the time came for Merab,37 Saul's daughter, to be given to David, she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah.38

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                    • e 18:19 - Or "However,"
                      20 Now Saul's daughter Michal39 was in love with David, and when they told Saul about it, he was pleased.40

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                          21 "I will give her to him," he thought, "so that she may be a snare41 to him and so that the hand of the Philistines may be against him." So Saul said to David, "Now you have a second opportunity to become my son-in-law."

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                              22 Then Saul ordered his attendants: "Speak to David privately and say, 'Look, the king is pleased with you, and his attendants all like you; now become his son-in-law.' "
                              23 They repeated these words to David. But David said, "Do you think it is a small matter to become the king's son-in-law?42 I'm only a poor man and little known."

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                                  24 When Saul's servants told him what David had said,
                                  25 Saul replied, "Say to David, 'The king wants no other price43 for the bride than a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revenge44 on his enemies.' " Saul's plan45 was to have David fall by the hands of the Philistines.

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                                      26 When the attendants told David these things, he was pleased to become the king's son-in-law. So before the allotted time elapsed,
                                      27 David and his men went out and killed two hundred Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented the full number to the king so that he might become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal46 in marriage.

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                                      28 When Saul realized that the LORD was with David and that his daughter Michal47 loved David,

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                                          29 Saul became still more afraid48 of him, and he remained his enemy the rest of his days.

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                                              30 The Philistine commanders continued to go out to battle, and as often as they did, David met with more successf49 than the rest of Saul's officers, and his name became well known.

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                                                • f 18:30 - Or "David acted more wisely"