2 Chronicles 20 NIV

Jehoshaphat Defeats Moab and Ammon

1 After this, the Moabites1 and Ammonites with some of the Meunitesa2 came to make war on Jehoshaphat.

References for 2 Chronicles 20:1

    • a 20:1 - Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew "Ammonites"
      2 Some men came and told Jehoshaphat, "A vast army3 is coming against you from Edom,b from the other side of the Sea.c It is already in Hazazon Tamar4" (that is, En Gedi).5

      References for 2 Chronicles 20:2

        • b 20:2 - One Hebrew manuscript; most Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Vulgate "Aram"
        • c 20:2 - That is, the Dead Sea
          3 Alarmed, Jehoshaphat resolved to inquire of the LORD, and he proclaimed a fast6 for all Judah.

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:3

          4 The people of Judah7 came together to seek help from the LORD; indeed, they came from every town in Judah to seek him.

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:4

          5 Then Jehoshaphat stood up in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem at the temple of the LORD in the front of the new courtyard
          6 and said: "O LORD, God of our fathers,8 are you not the God who is in heaven?9 You rule over all the kingdoms10 of the nations. Power and might are in your hand, and no one can withstand you.11

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:6

          7 O our God, did you not drive out the inhabitants of this land12 before your people Israel and give it forever to the descendants of Abraham your friend?13

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:7

          8 They have lived in it and have built in it a sanctuary14 for your Name, saying,

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:8

          9 'If calamity comes upon us, whether the sword of judgment, or plague or famine,15 we will stand in your presence before this temple that bears your Name and will cry out to you in our distress, and you will hear us and save us.'

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:9

          10 "But now here are men from Ammon, Moab and Mount Seir, whose territory you would not allow Israel to invade when they came from Egypt;16 so they turned away from them and did not destroy them.

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:10

          11 See how they are repaying us by coming to drive us out of the possession17 you gave us as an inheritance.

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:11

          12 O our God, will you not judge them?18 For we have no power to face this vast army that is attacking us. We do not know what to do, but our eyes are upon you.19"

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:12

          13 All the men of Judah, with their wives and children and little ones, stood there before the LORD.
          14 Then the Spirit20 of the LORD came upon Jahaziel son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah,21 a Levite and descendant of Asaph, as he stood in the assembly.

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:14

          15 He said: "Listen, King Jehoshaphat and all who live in Judah and Jerusalem! This is what the LORD says to you: 'Do not be afraid or discouraged22 because of this vast army. For the battle23 is not yours, but God's.

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:15

          16 Tomorrow march down against them. They will be climbing up by the Pass of Ziz, and you will find them at the end of the gorge in the Desert of Jeruel.
          17 You will not have to fight this battle. Take up your positions; stand firm and see24 the deliverance the LORD will give you, O Judah and Jerusalem. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Go out to face them tomorrow, and the LORD will be with you.' "

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:17

          18 Jehoshaphat bowed25 with his face to the ground, and all the people of Judah and Jerusalem fell down in worship before the LORD.

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:18

          19 Then some Levites from the Kohathites and Korahites stood up and praised the LORD, the God of Israel, with a very loud voice.
          20 Early in the morning they left for the Desert of Tekoa. As they set out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, "Listen to me, Judah and people of Jerusalem! Have faith26 in the LORD your God and you will be upheld; have faith in his prophets and you will be successful.27"

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:20

          21 After consulting the people, Jehoshaphat appointed men to sing to the LORD and to praise him for the splendor of hisd holiness28 as they went out at the head of the army, saying: "Give thanks to the LORD, for his love endures forever."29

          References for 2 Chronicles 20:21

            • d 20:21 - Or "him with the splendor of"
              22 As they began to sing and praise, the LORD set ambushes30 against the men of Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir who were invading Judah, and they were defeated.

              References for 2 Chronicles 20:22

              23 The men of Ammon31 and Moab rose up against the men from Mount Seir32 to destroy and annihilate them. After they finished slaughtering the men from Seir, they helped to destroy one another.33

              References for 2 Chronicles 20:23

              24 When the men of Judah came to the place that overlooks the desert and looked toward the vast army, they saw only dead bodies lying on the ground; no one had escaped.
              25 So Jehoshaphat and his men went to carry off their plunder, and they found among them a great amount of equipment and clothinge and also articles of value--more than they could take away. There was so much plunder that it took three days to collect it.

              References for 2 Chronicles 20:25

                • e 20:25 - Some Hebrew manuscripts and Vulgate; most Hebrew manuscripts "corpses"
                  26 On the fourth day they assembled in the Valley of Beracah, where they praised the LORD. This is why it is called the Valley of Beracahf to this day.

                  References for 2 Chronicles 20:26

                    • f 20:26 - "Beracah" means "praise."
                      27 Then, led by Jehoshaphat, all the men of Judah and Jerusalem returned joyfully to Jerusalem, for the LORD had given them cause to rejoice over their enemies.
                      28 They entered Jerusalem and went to the temple of the LORD with harps and lutes and trumpets.
                      29 The fear34 of God came upon all the kingdoms of the countries when they heard how the LORD had fought35 against the enemies of Israel.

                      References for 2 Chronicles 20:29

                      30 And the kingdom of Jehoshaphat was at peace, for his God had given him rest36 on every side.

                      References for 2 Chronicles 20:30

                      The End of Jehoshaphat's Reign

                      20:31-21:1pp -- 1Ki 22:41-50

                      31 So Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah. He was thirty-five years old when he became king of Judah, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-five years. His mother's name was Azubah daughter of Shilhi.

                      References for 2 Chronicles 20:31

                          32 He walked in the ways of his father Asa and did not stray from them; he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD.
                          33 The high places,37 however, were not removed, and the people still had not set their hearts on the God of their fathers.

                          References for 2 Chronicles 20:33

                          34 The other events of Jehoshaphat's reign, from beginning to end, are written in the annals of Jehu38 son of Hanani, which are recorded in the book of the kings of Israel.

                          References for 2 Chronicles 20:34

                          35 Later, Jehoshaphat king of Judah made an alliance39 with Ahaziah king of Israel, who was guilty of wickedness.40

                          References for 2 Chronicles 20:35

                          36 He agreed with him to construct a fleet of trading ships.g After these were built at Ezion Geber,

                          References for 2 Chronicles 20:36

                            • g 20:36 - Hebrew "of ships that could go to Tarshish"
                              37 Eliezer son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, "Because you have made an alliance with Ahaziah, the LORD will destroy what you have made." The ships41 were wrecked and were not able to set sail to trade.h

                              References for 2 Chronicles 20:37

                                • h 20:37 - Hebrew "sail for Tarshish"