I have seen another evil under the sun, and it weighs heavily on people:
the case in which God gives someone riches, wealth and honor, so that he lacks nothing that he wants; but God does not give him the power to enjoy them, and some stranger gets to enjoy them - this is meaningless, evil, sick.
Suppose a man fathers a hundred children and lives many years, so that he has a long life, but he fails to enjoy himself; then, even if he were to [live indefinitely and therefore] never be buried, I say that it would be better to be born dead.
For the arrival of a stillborn baby is a futile thing, and its departure is in darkness; its name is [forgotten,] covered in darkness;
and although it has never seen or known the sun, it is more content than he is,
without enjoying himself, even if he were to live a thousand years twice over. Doesn't everyone go to the same place?
The purpose of all toil is to fill the mouth, yet the appetite is never satisfied.
What advantage has the wise over the fool, or the person with experience, if he is poor?
Better what the eyes can see than meandering desire. Yet this too is pointless and feeding on wind.
Whatever he is, he was named long ago, and it is known that he is merely human; moreover, he cannot defeat what is mightier than he [death].
There are many things that only add to futility, so how do humans benefit from them?
For who knows what is good for someone during life, during the days of his pointless life spent like a shadow? Who can tell what will happen under the sun after a person is gone?