The burden of Damascus,
&c.] A heavy and grievous prophecy, concerning the destruction of it; the Arabic version is,
``the prophecy of Isaiah concerning Damascus;''
and the Targum is,
``the burden of the cup of cursing to give Damascus to drink.'' Behold, Damascus is taken away from [being] a city
a kingdom, as the Targum; it was the head of one, but now its walls were demolished, its houses pulled down, and its inhabitants carried captive; this was done by Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, ( 2 Kings 16:9
) it had been a very ancient city, see ( Genesis 15:2
) and the head of the kingdom of Syria, ( Isaiah 7:8
) , and though it underwent this calamity, it was rebuilt again, and was a city of great fame, when destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, ( Jeremiah 49:24 Jeremiah 49:25
) after which it was raised up again, and was in being in the apostle's time, and still is, ( Acts 9:22
) ( 2 Corinthians 11:32
) and it shall be a ruinous heap
or a heap of stones, as the Targum and Kimchi interpret it. A "behold" is prefixed to the whole, as being very wonderful and remarkable, unthought of, and unexpected.