The Dedication to Theophilus

1 Many have undertaken to compile a narrative about the events that have been fulfilleda among us,
References for Luke 1:1
    • a 1:1 - Or events that have been accomplished, or events most surely believed
      2 just as the original eyewitnesses and servants of the word handed them down to us.
      3 It also seemed good to me, since I have carefully investigated everything from the very first, to write to you in orderly sequence, most honorable Theophilus,
      4 so that you may know the certainty of the things about which you have been instructed.b
      References for Luke 1:4
        • b 1:4 - Or informed

          Gabriel Predicts John's Birth

          5 In the days of King Herod of Judea, there was a priest of Abijah's divisionc named Zechariah. His wife was from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth.
          References for Luke 1:5
            • c 1:5 - One of the 24 divisions of priests appointed by David for temple service; 1 Ch 24:10
              6 Both were righteous in God's sight, living without blame according to all the commandments and requirements of the Lord.
              7 But they had no childrend because Elizabeth could not conceive,e and both of them were well along in years.f
              References for Luke 1:7
                • d 1:7 - Lit child
                • e 1:7 - Lit Elizabeth was sterile or barren
                • f 1:7 - Lit in their days
                  8 When his division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God,
                  9 it happened that he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to enter the sanctuary of the Lord and burn incense.
                  10 At the hour of incense the whole assembly of the people was praying outside.
                  11 An angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense.
                  12 When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and overcome with fear.g
                  References for Luke 1:12
                    • g 1:12 - Lit and fear fell on him
                      13 But the angel said to him: Do not be afraid, Zechariah, because your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will name him John.
                      14 There will be joy and delight for you, and many will rejoice at his birth.
                      15 For he will be great in the sight of the Lord and will never drink wine or beer.h He will be filled with the Holy Spirit while still in his mother's womb.i
                      References for Luke 1:15
                        • h 1:15 - Nm 6:3; Jdg 13:3-5; 16:17
                        • i 1:15 - Lk 1:41,44; Isaiah 44:2
                          16 He will turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God.
                          17 And he will go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of fathers to their children,j and the disobedient to the understanding of the righteous, to make ready for the Lord a prepared people.
                          References for Luke 1:17
                            • j 1:17 - Mal 4:5-6
                              18 "How can I know this?" Zechariah asked the angel. "For I am an old man, and my wife is well along in years."k
                              References for Luke 1:18
                                • k 1:18 - Lit in her days
                                  19 The angel answered him, "I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and tell you this good news.
                                  20 Now listen! You will become silent and unable to speak until the day these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their proper time."
                                  21 Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah, amazed that he stayed so long in the sanctuary.
                                  22 When he did come out, he could not speak to them. Then they realized that he had seen a vision in the sanctuary. He kept making signs to them and remained speechless.
                                  23 When the days of his ministry were completed, he went back home.
                                  24 After these days his wife Elizabeth conceived and kept herself in seclusion for five months. She said,
                                  25 "The Lord has done this for me. He has looked with favor in these days to take away my disgrace among the people."

                                  Gabriel Predicts Jesus' Birth

                                  26 In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,
                                  References for Luke 1:26
                                      27 to a virgin engaged to a man named Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's name was Mary.
                                      28 And [the angel] came to her and said, "Rejoice, favored woman! The Lord is with you."l
                                      References for Luke 1:28
                                        • l 1:28 - Other mss add blessed are you among women
                                          29 But she was deeply troubled by this statement, wondering what kind of greeting this could be.
                                          30 Then the angel told her: Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.
                                          31 Now listen: You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you will call His name JESUS.
                                          32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David.m
                                          References for Luke 1:32
                                            • m 1:32 - 2 Sm 7:12-13
                                              33 He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.n
                                              References for Luke 1:33
                                                • n 1:33 - Isaiah 9:6 LXX; Dn 7:14
                                                  34 Mary asked the angel, "How can this be, since I have not been intimate with a man?"o
                                                  References for Luke 1:34
                                                    • o 1:34 - Lit since I do not know a man
                                                      35 The angel replied to her: "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore the holy One to be born will be called the Son of God.
                                                      36 And consider your relative Elizabeth-even she has conceived a son in her old age, and this is the sixth month for her who was called barren.
                                                      37 For nothing will be impossible with God."p
                                                      References for Luke 1:37
                                                          38 "I am the Lord's slave,"q said Mary. "May it be done to me according to your word." Then the angel left her.
                                                          References for Luke 1:38
                                                            • q 1:38 - Lit Look, the Lord's slave

                                                              Mary's Visit to Elizabeth

                                                              39 In those days Mary set out and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judah
                                                              References for Luke 1:39
                                                                  40 where she entered Zechariah's house and greeted Elizabeth.
                                                                  41 When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped inside her,r and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.
                                                                  References for Luke 1:41
                                                                    • r 1:41 - Lit leaped in her abdomen or womb
                                                                      42 Then she exclaimed with a loud cry: You are the most blessed of women, and your child will be blessed!s
                                                                      References for Luke 1:42
                                                                        • s 1:42 - Lit and the fruit of your abdomen (or womb) is blessed
                                                                          43 How could this happen to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
                                                                          44 For you see, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby leaped for joy inside me!t
                                                                          References for Luke 1:44
                                                                            • t 1:44 - Lit in my abdomen or womb
                                                                              45 She who has believed is blessed because what was spoken to her by the Lord will be fulfilled!"

                                                                              Mary's Praise

                                                                              46 And Mary said: My soul proclaims the greatness ofu the Lord,v
                                                                              References for Luke 1:46
                                                                                • u 1:46 - Or soul magnifies
                                                                                • v 1:46 - 1 Sm 2:1-10
                                                                                  47 and my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior,
                                                                                  48 because He has looked with favor on the humble condition of His slave. Surely, from now on all generations will call me blessed,
                                                                                  49 because the Mighty Onew has done great things for me, and His name is holy.
                                                                                  References for Luke 1:49
                                                                                    • w 1:49 - Ps 89:8; Zph 3:17
                                                                                      50 His mercy is from generation to generation on those who fear Him.
                                                                                      51 He has done a mighty deed with His arm; He has scattered the proud because of the thoughts of their hearts;
                                                                                      52 He has toppled the mighty from their thrones and exalted the lowly.
                                                                                      53 He has satisfied the hungry with good things and sent the rich away empty.
                                                                                      54 He has helped His servant Israel, mindful of His mercy,x
                                                                                      References for Luke 1:54
                                                                                        • x 1:54 - Because He remembered His mercy; see Ps 98:3
                                                                                          55 just as He spoke to our ancestors, to Abraham and his descendantsy forever.
                                                                                          References for Luke 1:55
                                                                                            • y 1:55 - Or offspring; lit seed
                                                                                              56 And Mary stayed with her about three months; then she returned to her home.

                                                                                              The Birth and Naming of John

                                                                                              57 Now the time had come for Elizabeth to give birth, and she had a son.
                                                                                              References for Luke 1:57
                                                                                                  58 Then her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown her His great mercy,z and they rejoiced with her.
                                                                                                  References for Luke 1:58
                                                                                                    • z 1:58 - Lit the Lord magnified His mercy with her
                                                                                                      59 When they came to circumcise the child on the eighth day, they were going to name him Zechariah, after his father.
                                                                                                      60 But his mother responded, "No! He will be called John."
                                                                                                      61 Then they said to her, "None of your relatives has that name."
                                                                                                      62 So they motioned to his father to find out what he wanted him to be called.
                                                                                                      63 He asked for a writing tablet and wrote: HIS NAME IS JOHN And they were all amazed.
                                                                                                      64 Immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue [set free], and he began to speak, praising God.
                                                                                                      65 Fear came on all those who lived around them, and all these things were being talked about throughout the hill country of Judea.
                                                                                                      66 All who heard about [him] took [it] to heart, saying, "What then will this child become?" For, indeed, the Lord's hand was with him.

                                                                                                      Zechariah's Prophecy

                                                                                                      67 Then his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied:
                                                                                                      References for Luke 1:67
                                                                                                          68 Praise the Lord, the God of Israel,{ because He has visited and provided redemption for His people.
                                                                                                          References for Luke 1:68
                                                                                                              69 He has raised up a horn| of salvation} for us in the house of His servant David,
                                                                                                              References for Luke 1:69
                                                                                                                • | 1:69 - 1 Sm 2:1,10; 2 Sm 22:3; Dn 7-8; Zch 1:18-21
                                                                                                                • } 1:69 - A strong Savior
                                                                                                                  70 just as He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets in ancient times;
                                                                                                                  71 salvation from our enemies and from the clutches~ of those who hate us.
                                                                                                                  References for Luke 1:71
                                                                                                                    • ~ 1:71 - Lit the hand
                                                                                                                      72 He has dealt mercifully with our fathers and remembered His holy covenant-
                                                                                                                      73 the oath that He swore to our father Abraham. He has given us the privilege,
                                                                                                                      74 since we have been rescued from our enemies' clutches, to serve Him without fear
                                                                                                                      References for Luke 1:74
                                                                                                                        •  1:74 - Lit from the hand of enemies
                                                                                                                          75 in holiness and righteousness in His presence all our days.
                                                                                                                          76 And child, you will be called a prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the Lord to prepare His ways,€
                                                                                                                          References for Luke 1:76
                                                                                                                              77 to give His people knowledge of salvation through the forgiveness of their sins.
                                                                                                                              78 Because of our God's merciful compassion, the Dawn from on high‚ will visit us
                                                                                                                              References for Luke 1:78
                                                                                                                                •  1:78 - Jr 23:5; Zch 3:8; 6:12 LXX
                                                                                                                                • ‚ 1:78 - Lk 24:49; Isaiah 58:8; Eph 4:8
                                                                                                                                  79 to shine on those who live in darkness and the shadow of death,ƒ to guide our feet into the way of peace.
                                                                                                                                  References for Luke 1:79
                                                                                                                                    • ƒ 1:79 - Isaiah 9:2; 60:2-3
                                                                                                                                      80 The child grew up and became spiritually strong, and he was in the wilderness until the day of his public appearance to Israel.