1 Paul, apostle of Christ Jesus, by God's will, and Timotheus the brother,
2 to the holy and faithful brethren in Christ which [are] in Colosse. Grace to you and peace from God our Father [and Lord Jesus Christ].
3 We give thanks to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ continually [when] a praying for you,
References for Colossians 1:3
    • a 1:3 - Or omit [when]. Ver. 9 proves this to be probably the true sense.
      4 having heard of your faith in Christ Jesus, and the love which ye have towards all the saints,
      5 on account of the hope which [is] laid up for you in the heavens; of which ye heard before in the word of the truth of the glad tidings,
      6 which are come to you, as [they are] in all the world, [and] are bearing fruit and growing, even as also among you, from the day ye heard [them] b and knew indeed the grace of God, in truth:
      References for Colossians 1:6
        • b 1:6 - Or 'ye heard and knew.'
          7 even as ye learned from Epaphras our beloved fellow-bondman, who is a faithful minister c of Christ for you,
          References for Colossians 1:7
            • c 1:7 - Or 'servant,' diakonos.
              8 who has also manifested to us your love in [the] Spirit.
              9 For this reason *we* also, from the day we heard [of your faith and love], do not cease praying and asking for you, to the end that ye may be filled d with the full knowledge of his will, in all wisdom and spiritual understanding,
              References for Colossians 1:9
                • d 1:9 - Pleroo, as in v. 25 ('complete'); ch. 2.10 ('complete'); and ch. 4.17 ('fulfil').
                  10 [so as] to walk worthily of the Lord unto all well-pleasing, bearing fruit in every good work, and growing by the true knowledge e of God;
                  References for Colossians 1:10
                    • e 1:10 - Epignosis, i.e. 'full knowledge,' as chs. 2.2; 3.10; Matt. 11.27; Eph. 1.17.
                      11 strengthened with all power according to the might of his glory unto all endurance and longsuffering with joy;
                      12 giving thanks to the Father, who has made us fit for sharing the portion f of the saints in light,
                      References for Colossians 1:12
                        • f 1:12 - See Note, Acts 26.18.
                          13 who has delivered us from the authority of darkness, and translated [us] into the kingdom of the Son of his love:
                          14 in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins;
                          15 who is image of the invisible God, firstborn of all creation; g
                          References for Colossians 1:15
                            • g 1:15 - See Note h, ver. 23.
                              16 because by h him were created all things, i the things in the heavens and the things upon the earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones, or lordships, or principalities, or authorities: all things j have been created by k him and for l him.
                              References for Colossians 1:16
                                • h 1:16 - En. Lit. 'in him,' in the power of whose person. He was the one whose intrinsic power characterized the creation. It exists as his creature.
                                • i 1:16 - Looked at as a whole: 'the all things,' as vers. 17,20; Eph. 3.9.
                                • j 1:16 - See Note l ver. 16.
                                • k 1:16 - Dia, the instrumental power.
                                • l 1:16 - Eis, 'for.' These three prepositions, en, dia, eis, show Christ to be the characteristic power, the active instrument, and the end in creation.
                                  17 And *he* is before all, and all things subsist together by him.
                                  18 And *he* is the head of the body, the assembly; who is [the] beginning, firstborn from among the dead, that *he* might have the first place in all things:
                                  19 for in him all the fulness [of the Godhead] was pleased to dwell,
                                  References for Colossians 1:19
                                    • m 1:19 - I add '[of the Godhead]' from ch. 2.9, as it makes the 'it' in vers. 21, 22 seem less harsh.
                                      20 and by him to reconcile all things to itself, having made peace by the blood of his cross -- by him, whether the things on the earth or the things in the heavens.
                                      21 And you, who once were alienated and enemies in mind by wicked works, yet now has it reconciled
                                      22 in the body of his flesh through death; to present you holy and unblamable and irreproachable m before it, n
                                      References for Colossians 1:22
                                        • n 1:22 - Dia, the instrumental power.
                                        • o 1:22 - i.e. 'the fulness,' ver. 19.
                                        • p 1:22 - 'One against whom no charge can be brought,' as Tit. 1.6,7.
                                          23 if indeed ye abide in the o faith founded and firm, and not moved away from the hope of the glad tidings, which ye have heard, which have been proclaimed in the whole creation p which [is] under heaven, of which *I* Paul became minister.
                                          References for Colossians 1:23
                                            • q 1:23 - Or 'in faith,' that is, full assurance of heart in the gospel.
                                            • r 1:23 - The word is used either of 'the creation,' or abstractly of 'the creature' as such; once for 'institution,' 1Pet. 2.13. Thus, in ver. 15, it is not of each individual as such, but of everything called 'creation' in its nature: see Heb. 9.11.
                                              24 Now, I rejoice in sufferings for you, and I fill up q that which is behind of the tribulations of Christ in my flesh, for his body, which is the assembly;
                                              References for Colossians 1:24
                                                • s 1:24 - This refers to what lacked as yet; not to Paul taking 'his turn' as a person, in what is yet lacking.
                                                  25 of which *I* became minister, according to the dispensation r of God which [is] given me towards you to complete s the word of God,
                                                  References for Colossians 1:25
                                                    • t 1:25 - Or, 'economy,' as 'administration' in 1Cor. 9.17; Eph. 1.10; 3.2,9; 'dispensation,' 1Tim. 1.4; and 'stewardship,' Luke 16.2,3,4.
                                                    • u 1:25 - See Note e, ch. 1.9, also Note, Matt. 5.17.
                                                      26 the mystery which [has been] hidden from ages and from generations, but has now been made manifest to his saints;
                                                      27 to whom God would make known what are the riches of the glory of this mystery among the nations, which is Christ in you the hope of glory:
                                                      28 whom *we* announce, admonishing every man, and teaching every man, in all wisdom, to the end that we may present every man perfect in Christ.
                                                      29 Whereunto also I toil, combating according to his working, which works in me in power.