Daniel 1 (English Standard Version)

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Daniel Taken to Babylon

1 In the third year of 1the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of 2the vessels of the house of God. And he brought them to 3the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, 4and placed the vessels in the treasury of his god. 3 Then the king commanded Ashpenaz, 5his chief eunuch, to bring some of the people of Israel, both of the royal familya and of 6the nobility, 4 youths without 7blemish, of good appearance and 8skillful in all wisdom, endowed with knowledge, understanding learning, and competent to stand in the king's palace, and to 9teach them the literature and language of the 10Chaldeans. 5 The king assigned them a daily portion of 11the food that the king ate, and of 12the wine that he drank. They were to be educated for 13three years, and at the end of that time they were to 14stand before the king. 6 Among these were 15Daniel, 16Hananiah, 17Mishael, and 18Azariah of the tribe of Judah. 7 And 19the chief of the eunuchs 20gave them names: 21Daniel he called Belteshazzar, Hananiah he called Shadrach, Mishael he called Meshach, and Azariah he called Abednego.

Daniel's Faithfulness

8 But Daniel 22resolved that he would not 23defile himself with 24the king's food, or with 25the wine that he drank. Therefore he asked the chief of the eunuchs to allow him not to 26defile himself. 9 27And God gave Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the chief of the eunuchs, 10 and the chief of the eunuchs said to Daniel, "I fear my lord the king, who assigned your food and your drink; for why should he see that you were in worse condition than the youths who are of your own age? So you would endanger my head with the king." 11 Then Daniel said to the steward whom the chief of the eunuchs had assigned over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, 12 "Test your servants for 28ten days; let us be given vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then let our appearance and the appearance of the youths who eat 29the king's food be observed by you, and deal with your servants according to what you see." 14 So he listened to them in this matter, and tested them for ten days. 15 At the end of ten days it was seen that they were better in appearance and fatter in flesh than all the youths who ate 30the king's food. 16 31So the steward took away their food and the wine they were to drink, and gave them 32vegetables. 17 As for these four youths, 33God gave them learning and 34skill in all literature and wisdom, and Daniel had 35understanding in all visions and dreams. 18 At the end of 36the time, when the king had commanded that they should be brought in, the chief of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. 19 And the king spoke with them, and among all of them none was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. Therefore 37they stood before the king. 20 And in every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all 38the magicians and 39enchanters that were in all his kingdom. 21 And Daniel 40was there until the first year of 41King Cyrus.
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