Jeremiah 47:2 BBE
This is what the Lord has said: See, waters are coming up out of the north, and will become an overflowing stream, overflowing the land and everything in it, the town and those who are living in it; and men will give a cry, and all the people of the land will be crying out in pain.
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Jeremiah 47:2 NCV
This is what the Lord says: "See, the enemy is gathering in the north like rising waters. They will become like an overflowing stream and will cover the whole country like a flood, even the towns and the people living in them. Everyone living in that country will cry for help; the people will cry painfully.
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Jeremiah 47:2 WYC
The Lord saith these things, Lo! waters shall ascend from the north, and they shall be as a strand (over)flowing, and they shall cover the land, and the fullness thereof, the city, and the dwellers thereof. Men shall cry, and all the dwellers of the land shall yell, (The Lord saith these things, Lo! the waters shall rise up from the north, and they shall be like an overflowing river, and they shall cover the land, and its fullness, and the city, and its inhabitants. People shall cry, and all the inhabitants of the land shall yell,)
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The calamities of the Philistines.
- The Philistines had always been enemies to Israel; but the Chaldean army shall overflow their land like a deluge. Those whom God will spoil, must be spoiled. For when the Lord intends to destroy the wicked, he will cut off every helper. So deplorable are the desolations of war, that the blessings of peace are most desirable. But we must submit to His appointments who ordains all in perfect wisdom and justice.
Jeremiah 47:1-7 . PROPHECY AGAINST THE PHILISTINES.
1. Pharaoh-necho probably smote Gaza on his return after defeating Josiah at Megiddo ( 2 Chronicles 35:20 ) [GROTIUS]. Or, Pharaoh-hophra ( Jeremiah 37:5 Jeremiah 37:7 ) is intended: probably on his return from his fruitless attempt to save Jerusalem from the Chaldeans, he smote Gaza in order that his expedition might not be thought altogether in vain [CALVIN] ( Amos 1:6 Amos 1:7 ).
2. waters--( Isaiah 8:7 ). The Chaldeans from the north are compared to the overwhelming waters of their own Euphrates. The smiting of Gaza was to be only the prelude of a greater disaster to the Philistines. Nebuzara-dan was left by Nebuchadnezzar, after he had taken Jerusalem, to subdue the rest of the adjoining cities and country.
3. (Compare Jeremiah 4:29 ).
fathers . . . not look back to . . . children--Each shall think only of his own safety, not even the fathers regarding their own children. So desperate shall be the calamity that men shall divest themselves of the natural affections.
for feebleness of hands--The hands, the principal instruments of action, shall have lost all power; their whole hope shall be in their feet.
4. every helper--The Philistines, being neighbors to the Phoenicians of Tyre and Sidon, would naturally make common cause with them in the case of invasion. These cities would have no helper left when the Philistines should be destroyed.
Caphtor--the Caphtorim and Philistines both came from Mizraim ( Genesis 10:13 Genesis 10:14 ). The Philistines are said to have been delivered by God from Caphtor ( Amos 9:7 ). Perhaps before the time of Moses they dwelt near and were subjugated by the Caphtorim ( Deuteronomy 2:23 ) and subsequently delivered. "The remnant" means here those still left after the Egyptians had attacked Gaza and Palestine; or rather, those left of the Caphtorim after the Chaldeans had attacked them previous to their attack on the Philistines. Some identify Caphtor with Cappadocia; GESENIUS, with Crete ( Ezekiel 25:16 , Cherethims); KITTO, Cyprus. Between Palestine and Idumea there was a city Caparorsa; and their close connection with Palestine on the one hand, and Egypt (Mizraim, Genesis 10:13 Genesis 10:14 ) on the other hand, makes this locality the most likely.
5. Baldness . . . cut thyself--Palestine is represented as a female who has torn off her hair and cut her flesh, the heathenish ( Leviticus 19:28 ) token of mourning ( Jeremiah 48:37 ).
their valley--the long strip of low plain occupied by the Philistines along the Mediterranean, west of the mountains of Judea. The Septuagint reads Anakim, the remains of whom were settled in those regions ( Numbers 13:28 ). Joshua dislodged them so that none were left but in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod ( Joshua 11:21 Joshua 11:22 ). But the parallel ( Jeremiah 47:7 ), "Ashkelon . . . the sea-shore," established English Version here, "Ashkelon . . . their valley."
6. Jeremiah, in the person of the Philistines afflicting themselves ( Jeremiah 47:5 ), apostrophizes the "sword of the Lord," entreating mercy (compare Deuteronomy 32:41 , Ezekiel 21:3-5 Ezekiel 21:9 Ezekiel 21:10 ).
up thyself--Hebrew, "Gather thyself," that is, retire or return.
7. Jeremiah, from addressing the sword in the second person, turns to his hearers and speaks of it in the third person.
Lord . . . given it a charge--( Ezekiel 14:17 ).
the sea-shore--the strip of land between the mountains and Mediterranean, held by the Philistines: "their valley"
there hath he appointed it--( Micah 6:9 ). There hath He ordered it to rage.