Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.1
The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe
and went up to him again and again, saying, "Hail, king of the Jews!"2 And they struck him in the face.3
Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, "Look, I am bringing him out4 to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him."5
When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe,6 Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!"
As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, "Crucify! Crucify!" But Pilate answered, "You take him and crucify him.7 As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him."8
The Jews insisted, "We have a law, and according to that law he must die,9 because he claimed to be the Son of God."10
When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid,
and he went back inside the palace.11 "Where do you come from?" he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.12
"Do you refuse to speak to me?" Pilate said. "Don't you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?"
Jesus answered, "You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above.13 Therefore the one who handed me over to you14 is guilty of a greater sin."
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From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews kept shouting, "If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king15 opposes Caesar."
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When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge's seat16 at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic17 is Gabbatha).
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It was the day of Preparation18 of Passover Week, about the sixth hour.19 "Here is your king,"20 Pilate said to the Jews.
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But they shouted, "Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!" "Shall I crucify your king?" Pilate asked. "We have no king but Caesar," the chief priests answered.
Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.21 So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
References for John 19:16
Carrying his own cross,22 he went out to the place of the Skull23 (which in Aramaic24 is called Golgotha).
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Here they crucified him, and with him two others25--one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
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Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth,26 the king of the jews.27
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Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city,28 and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek.
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The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, "Do not write 'The King of the Jews,' but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews."29
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Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."
When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.
"Let's not tear it," they said to one another. "Let's decide by lot who will get it." This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled30 which said, "They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing."31 So this is what the soldiers did.
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Near the cross32 of Jesus stood his mother,33 his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.34
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When Jesus saw his mother35 there, and the disciple whom he loved36 standing nearby, he said to his mother, "Dear woman, here is your son,"
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and to the disciple, "Here is your mother." From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.
Later, knowing that all was now completed,37 and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled,38 Jesus said, "I am thirsty."
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A jar of wine vinegar39 was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips.
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When he had received the drink, Jesus said, "It is finished."40 With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
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Now it was the day of Preparation,41 and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses42 during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.
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The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.43
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But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced44 Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.45
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The man who saw it46 has given testimony, and his testimony is true.47 He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.
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These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled:48 "Not one of his bones will be broken,"49
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and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced."50
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Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jews.51 With Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away.
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He was accompanied by Nicodemus,52 the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.
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Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen.53 This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs.54
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At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid.
Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation55 and since the tomb was nearby,56 they laid Jesus there.
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