1 Chronicles 2 TNIV

Israel's Sons

2:1-2pp -- Ge 35:23-26

1 These were the sons of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun,

References for 1 Chronicles 2:1

      2 Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad and Asher.


      2:5-15pp -- Ru 4:18-22; Mt 1:3-6

      To Hezron's Sons

      3 The sons of Judah:1 Er, Onan and Shelah.2 These three were born to him by a Canaanite woman, the daughter of Shua.3 Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the LORD's sight; so the LORD put him to death.4

      References for 1 Chronicles 2:3

      4 Judah's daughter-in-law5 Tamar6 bore Perez7 and Zerah to Judah. He had five sons in all.

      References for 1 Chronicles 2:4

      5 The sons of Perez:8 Hezron9 and Hamul.

      References for 1 Chronicles 2:5

      6 The sons of Zerah: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Kalkol and Dardaa--five in all.

      References for 1 Chronicles 2:6

        • a 2:6 - Many Hebrew manuscripts, some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also 1 Kings 4:31); most Hebrew manuscripts "Dara"
          7 The son of Karmi: Achar,b10 who brought trouble on Israel by violating the ban on taking devoted things.c11

          References for 1 Chronicles 2:7

            • b 2:7 - "Achar" means "trouble"; "Achar" is called "Achan" in Joshua.
            • c 2:7 - The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
              8 The son of Ethan: Azariah.
              9 The sons born to Hezron12 were: Jerahmeel, Ram and Caleb.d

              References for 1 Chronicles 2:9

                • d 2:9 - Hebrew "Kelubai," a variant of "Caleb"

                  From Ram Son of Hezron

                  10 Ram13 was the father of Amminadab14, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon,15 the leader of the people of Judah.

                  References for 1 Chronicles 2:10

                  11 Nahshon was the father of Salmon,e Salmon the father of Boaz,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 2:11

                    • e 2:11 - Septuagint (see also Ruth 4:21); Hebrew "Salma"
                      12 Boaz16 the father of Obed and Obed the father of Jesse.17

                      References for 1 Chronicles 2:12

                      13 Jesse18 was the father of Eliab19 his firstborn; the second son was Abinadab, the third Shimea,

                      References for 1 Chronicles 2:13

                      14 the fourth Nethanel, the fifth Raddai,
                      15 the sixth Ozem and the seventh David.
                      16 Their sisters were Zeruiah20 and Abigail. Zeruiah's21 three sons were Abishai, Joab22 and Asahel.

                      References for 1 Chronicles 2:16

                      17 Abigail was the mother of Amasa,23 whose father was Jether the Ishmaelite.

                      References for 1 Chronicles 2:17

                      Caleb Son of Hezron

                      18 Caleb son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah (and by Jerioth). These were her sons: Jesher, Shobab and Ardon.

                      References for 1 Chronicles 2:18

                          19 When Azubah died, Caleb24 married Ephrath, who bore him Hur.

                          References for 1 Chronicles 2:19

                            • 24 2:19 - ver 42,50
                              20 Hur was the father of Uri, and Uri the father of Bezalel.25

                              References for 1 Chronicles 2:20

                              21 Later, Hezron, when he was sixty years old, married the daughter of Makir the father of Gilead.26 He made love to her, and she bore him Segub.

                              References for 1 Chronicles 2:21

                              22 Segub was the father of Jair, who controlled twenty-three towns in Gilead.
                              23 (But Geshur and Aram captured Havvoth Jair,f27 as well as Kenath28 with its surrounding settlements--sixty towns.) All these were descendants of Makir the father of Gilead.

                              References for 1 Chronicles 2:23

                                • f 2:23 - Or "captured the settlements of Jair"
                                  24 After Hezron died in Caleb Ephrathah, Abijah the wife of Hezron bore him Ashhur29 the fatherg of Tekoa.

                                  References for 1 Chronicles 2:24

                                    • g 2:24 - "Father" may mean "civic leader" or "military leader"; also in verses 42, 45, 49-52 and possibly elsewhere.

                                      Jerahmeel Son of Hezron

                                      25 The sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron: Ram his firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem andh Ahijah.

                                      References for 1 Chronicles 2:25

                                        • h 2:25 - Or "Oren and Ozem, by"
                                          26 Jerahmeel had another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.
                                          27 The sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel: Maaz, Jamin and Eker.
                                          28 The sons of Onam: Shammai and Jada. The sons of Shammai: Nadab and Abishur.
                                          29 Abishur's wife was named Abihail, who bore him Ahban and Molid.
                                          30 The sons of Nadab: Seled and Appaim. Seled died without children.
                                          31 The son of Appaim: Ishi, who was the father of Sheshan. Sheshan was the father of Ahlai.
                                          32 The sons of Jada, Shammai's brother: Jether and Jonathan. Jether died without children.
                                          33 The sons of Jonathan: Peleth and Zaza. These were the descendants of Jerahmeel.
                                          34 Sheshan had no sons--only daughters. He had an Egyptian servant named Jarha.
                                          35 Sheshan gave his daughter in marriage to his servant Jarha, and she bore him Attai.
                                          36 Attai was the father of Nathan, Nathan the father of Zabad,30

                                          References for 1 Chronicles 2:36

                                          37 Zabad the father of Ephlal, Ephlal the father of Obed,
                                          38 Obed the father of Jehu, Jehu the father of Azariah,
                                          39 Azariah the father of Helez, Helez the father of Eleasah,
                                          40 Eleasah the father of Sismai, Sismai the father of Shallum,
                                          41 Shallum the father of Jekamiah, and Jekamiah the father of Elishama.

                                          The Clans of Caleb

                                          42 The sons of Caleb31 the brother of Jerahmeel: Mesha his firstborn, who was the father of Ziph, and his son Mareshah,i who was the father of Hebron.

                                          References for 1 Chronicles 2:42

                                            • 31 2:42 - S ver 19
                                            • i 2:42 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
                                              43 The sons of Hebron: Korah, Tappuah, Rekem and Shema.
                                              44 Shema was the father of Raham, and Raham the father of Jorkeam. Rekem was the father of Shammai.
                                              45 The son of Shammai was Maon32, and Maon was the father of Beth Zur.33

                                              References for 1 Chronicles 2:45

                                              46 Caleb's concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.
                                              47 The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah and Shaaph.
                                              48 Caleb's concubine Maakah was the mother of Sheber and Tirhanah.
                                              49 She also gave birth to Shaaph the father of Madmannah34 and to Sheva the father of Makbenah and Gibea. Caleb's daughter was Aksah.35

                                              References for 1 Chronicles 2:49

                                              50 These were the descendants of Caleb. The sons of Hur36 the firstborn of Ephrathah: Shobal the father of Kiriath Jearim,37

                                              References for 1 Chronicles 2:50

                                                  51 Salma the father of Bethlehem, and Hareph the father of Beth Gader.
                                                  52 The descendants of Shobal the father of Kiriath Jearim were: Haroeh, half the Manahathites,
                                                  53 and the clans of Kiriath Jearim: the Ithrites,38 Puthites, Shumathites and Mishraites. From these descended the Zorathites and Eshtaolites.

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 2:53

                                                  54 The descendants of Salma: Bethlehem, the Netophathites,39 Atroth Beth Joab, half the Manahathites, the Zorites,

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 2:54

                                                  55 and the clans of scribesj who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, Shimeathites and Sucathites. These are the Kenites40 who came from Hammath,41 the father of the house of Rekab.k42

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 2:55

                                                    • j 2:55 - Or "of the Sopherites"
                                                    • k 2:55 - Or "father of Beth Rekab"