Heb. Negeb, that arid district to the south of Palestine through which lay the caravan route from Central Palestine to Egypt ( Genesis 12:9 ; Genesis 13:1 Genesis 13:3 ; 46:1-6 ). "The Negeb comprised a considerable but irregularly-shaped tract of country, its main portion stretching from the mountains and lowlands of Judah in the north to the mountains of Azazemeh in the south, and from the Dead Sea and southern Ghoron the east to the Mediterranean on the west." In Ezekiel 20:46 ( (21:1 in Heb.) three different Hebrew words are all rendered "south." (1) "Set thy face toward the south" (Teman, the region on the right, 1 Samuel 33:24 ); (2) "Drop thy word toward the south" (Negeb, the region of dryness, Joshua 15:4 ); (3) "Prophesy against the forest of the south field" (Darom, the region of brightness, Deuteronomy 33:23 ). In Job 37:9 the word "south" is literally "chamber," used here in the sense of treasury (comp 38:22 ; Psalms 135:7 ). This verse is rendered in the Revised Version "out of the chamber of the south."
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for South". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".