1 Peter 4

Listen to 1 Peter 4

Stewards of God's Grace

1 Since therefore 1Christ suffered in the flesh,[a]2 arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for 3whoever has suffered in the flesh 4has ceased from sin,
2 5so as to live for 6the rest of the time in the flesh 7no longer for human passions but 8for the will of God.
3 For the time that is past 9suffices 10for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry.
4 With respect to this they are surprised when you do not join them in the same flood of 11debauchery, and 12they malign you;
5 but they will give account to him who is ready 13to judge the living and the dead.
6 For this is why 14the gospel was preached even to those who are dead, that though judged in the flesh the way people are, they might live in the spirit the way God does.
7 15The end of all things is at hand; therefore 16be self-controlled and sober-minded 17for the sake of your prayers.
8 Above all, keep loving one another earnestly, since 18love covers a multitude of sins.
9 19Show hospitality to one another without grumbling.
10 20As each has received a gift, use it to serve one another, 21as good stewards of God's varied grace:
11 whoever speaks, as one who speaks 22oracles of God; whoever serves, as one who serves 23by the strength that God supplies--in order that in everything 24God may be glorified through Jesus Christ. 25To him belong glory and 26dominion forever and ever. Amen.

Suffering as a Christian

12 Beloved, do not be surprised at 27the fiery trial when it comes upon you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you.
13 But rejoice 28insofar as you share Christ's sufferings, that you may also rejoice and be glad 29when his glory is revealed.
14 30If you are insulted 31for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory[b] and of God rests upon you.
15 But 32let none of you suffer as a murderer or a thief or an evildoer or 33as a meddler.
16 Yet 34if anyone suffers as a 35Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God 36in that name.
17 For it is time for judgment 37to begin at the household of God; and 38if it begins with us, what will be the outcome for those who 39do not obey the gospel of God?
18 And 40"If the righteous is scarcely saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?"[c]
19 Therefore let those who suffer according to God's will 41entrust their souls to a faithful Creator while doing good.

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1 Peter 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

The consideration of Christ's sufferings is urged for purity and holiness. (1-6) And the approaching end of the Jewish state, as a reason for sobriety, watchfulness, and prayer. (7-11) Believers encouraged to rejoice and glory in reproaches and sufferings for Christ, and to commit their souls to the care of a faithful God. (12-19)

Verses 1-6 The strongest and best arguments against sin, are taken from the sufferings of Christ. He died to destroy sin; and though he cheerfully submitted to the worst sufferings, yet he never gave way to the least sin. Temptations could not prevail, were it not for man's own corruption; but true Christians make the will of God, not their own lust or desires, the rule of their lives and actions. And true conversion makes a marvellous change in the heart and life. It alters the mind, judgment, affections, and conversation. When a man is truly converted, it is very grievous to him to think how the time past of his life has been spent. One sin draws on another. Six sins are here mentioned which have dependence one upon another. It is a Christian's duty, not only to keep from gross wickedness, but also from things that lead to sin, or appear evil. The gospel had been preached to those since dead, who by the proud and carnal judgment of wicked men were condemned as evil-doers, some even suffering death. But being quickened to Divine life by the Holy Spirit, they lived to God as his devoted servants. Let not believers care, though the world scorns and reproaches them.

Verses 7-11 The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. And the speedy approach of death and judgment concerns all, to which these words naturally lead our minds. Our approaching end, is a powerful argument to make us sober in all worldly matters, and earnest in religion. There are so many things amiss in all, that unless love covers, excuses, and forgives in others, the mistakes and faults for which every one needs the forbearance of others, Satan will prevail to stir up divisions and discords. But we are not to suppose that charity will cover or make amends for the sins of those who exercise it, so as to induce God to forgive them. The nature of a Christian's work, which is high work and hard work, the goodness of the Master, and the excellence of the reward, all require that our endeavours should be serious and earnest. And in all the duties and services of life, we should aim at the glory of God as our chief end. He is a miserable, unsettled wretch, who cleaves to himself, and forgets God; is only perplexed about his credit, and gain, and base ends, which are often broken, and which, when he attains, both he and they must shortly perish together. But he who has given up himself and his all to God, may say confidently that the Lord is his portion; and nothing but glory through Christ Jesus, is solid and lasting; that abideth for ever.

Verses 12-19 By patience and fortitude in suffering, by dependence on the promises of God, and keeping to the word the Holy Spirit hath revealed, the Holy Spirit is glorified; but by the contempt and reproaches cast upon believers, he is evil spoken of, and is blasphemed. One would think such cautions as these were needless to Christians. But their enemies falsely charged them with foul crimes. And even the best of men need to be warned against the worst of sins. There is no comfort in sufferings, when we bring them upon ourselves by our own sin and folly. A time of universal calamity was at hand, as foretold by our Saviour, Mt. 24:9, Mt. 24:10 . And if such things befall in this life, how awful will the day of judgment be! It is true that the righteous are scarcely saved; even those who endeavour to walk uprightly in the ways of God. This does not mean that the purpose and performance of God are uncertain, but only the great difficulties and hard encounters in the way; that they go through so many temptations and tribulations, so many fightings without and fears within. Yet all outward difficulties would be as nothing, were it not for lusts and corruptions within. These are the worst clogs and troubles. And if the way of the righteous be so hard, then how hard shall be the end of the ungodly sinner, who walks in sin with delight, and thinks the righteous is a fool for all his pains! The only way to keep the soul well, is, to commit it to God by prayer, and patient perseverance in well-doing. He will overrule all to the final advantage of the believer.

Cross References 41

  • 1. 1 Peter 3:18
  • 2. [Ephesians 6:13]
  • 3. Romans 6:2, 7; Galatians 5:24; Colossians 3:3, 5
  • 4. [2 Peter 2:14]
  • 5. Romans 6:14; Romans 14:7; 2 Corinthians 5:15
  • 6. 1 Peter 1:14
  • 7. Titus 2:12; 1 John 2:16
  • 8. Romans 6:11
  • 9. Ezekiel 44:6; Ezekiel 45:9; Acts 17:30
  • 10. Ephesians 4:17-19; 1 Thessalonians 4:5; [1 Corinthians 12:2]
  • 11. See Ephesians 5:18
  • 12. 1 Peter 2:12; 1 Peter 3:16
  • 13. [James 5:9]; See Acts 10:42
  • 14. 1 Peter 3:19
  • 15. See James 5:8
  • 16. See 1 Peter 1:13
  • 17. Matthew 26:41; Luke 21:36
  • 18. [1 Corinthians 13:5, 6]; See James 5:20
  • 19. Hebrews 13:2; [1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:8]
  • 20. Romans 12:6, 7; 1 Corinthians 4:7; [Matthew 25:15]
  • 21. Luke 12:42; 1 Corinthians 4:1, 2; Titus 1:7
  • 22. Acts 7:38; Romans 3:2; Hebrews 5:12
  • 23. Romans 12:3
  • 24. 1 Corinthians 10:31
  • 25. See Romans 11:36
  • 26. 1 Peter 5:11; Jude 25; Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:13
  • 27. 1 Peter 1:7
  • 28. Philippians 3:10, 11; See Acts 5:41
  • 29. [1 Peter 1:5-7; 1 Peter 5:1; Romans 8:17, 18; Jude 24]
  • 30. Psalms 89:51; Matthew 5:11
  • 31. John 15:21; [Hebrews 11:26]
  • 32. 1 Peter 2:19, 20; 1 Peter 3:14, 17
  • 33. 1 Thessalonians 4:11; 2 Thessalonians 3:11; 1 Timothy 5:13
  • 34. [See ver. 15 above]
  • 35. See Acts 26:28
  • 36. [See ver. 14 above]
  • 37. Jeremiah 25:29; Ezekiel 9:6; Amos 3:2; Romans 2:9
  • 38. [Luke 23:31]
  • 39. [2 Thessalonians 1:8]
  • 40. Proverbs 11:31
  • 41. Psalms 31:5; Luke 23:46; [Psalms 10:14; 2 Timothy 1:12]

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Some manuscripts add for us; some for you
  • [b]. Some manuscripts insert and of power
  • [c]. Greek where will the ungodly and sinner appear?

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the apostle goes on to exhort to an holy life and conversation, and to the several duties of religion, and to suffer cheerfully for the sake of Christ. From the consideration of Christ's sufferings, he exhorts the saints to arm themselves with the same mind, and cease from sin, and live no longer to the lusts of men, but to the will of God, 1Pe 4:1,2 the reason, or argument engaging to it, is taken from the past time of life, in which they walked in all manner of sin, and which ought to suffice, though they should be spoken evil of by wicked men, for not continuing therein, 1Pe 4:3,4 and to fortify their minds against such abuses, the apostle takes notice of the general judgment, when such persons must give an account for their evil speaking to the Judge of quick and dead; and that though those to whom the Gospel is preached, and embrace it, suffer death for it, being judged of men in their bodies, yet they live to God in their souls, 1Pe 4:5,6 and seeing the end of all things is near, he exhorts to various things, as to sobriety, watchfulness unto prayer, and especially to fervent charity, since that covers a multitude of sins, 1Pe 4:7,8 and to hospitality, without grudging, and to a communication of all good things, as faithful stewards of them, 1Pe 4:9,10 and particularly to the dispensation of the Gospel, according to the word of God; and to a ministration to the poor, according to a man's ability, with a view to the glory of God, by Christ, 1Pe 4:11 and next, the apostle proceeds to comfort the saints under reproaches and persecutions, and to instruct them how to behave under such circumstances; as that they should not think such things strange, though grievous, since they were for the trial of their graces, 1Pe 4:12 but should rather rejoice, since they were partakers of the sufferings of Christ now, and should share in his glory when revealed, which would make them exceeding glad, 1Pe 4:13 yea, inasmuch as it was for the name of Christ they suffered reproach, they ought to reckon themselves happy persons; since the glorious Spirit of God rested on them, and since the issue of it was, the glorifying of God by them, though he was evil spoken of by those that reproached them, 1Pe 4:14 indeed, they ought not to suffer as persons guilty of capital crimes; should they, they would have reason to be ashamed, but not since they suffered as Christians; but, on the contrary, should give glory to God for it, who had done them so much honour as to call them to it, 1Pe 4:15,16, and to reconcile their minds to sufferings, he observes, that the time was come, that afflictions should begin with the people of God, on account of which, the righteous are scarcely saved, though certainly; and that, therefore, sad must be the state of the disobedient and ungodly, even of their wicked persecutors, 1Pe 4:17,18 wherefore, upon the whole, seeing it was the will of God they should suffer, they ought to suffer patiently, and, in well doing, commit the care of their souls to their faithful Creator, 1Pe 4:19.

1 Peter 4 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.