Replace a Trash Bag with a Suitcase for a Foster Kid

Exodus 25

Offerings for the Tabernacle

1 The LORD said to Moses,
2 “Tell the Israelites to bring me an offering. You are to receive the offering for me from everyone whose heart prompts them to give.
3 These are the offerings you are to receive from them: gold, silver and bronze;
4 blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair;
5 ram skins dyed red and another type of durable leather[a] ; acacia wood;
6 olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;
7 and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.
8 “Then have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them.
9 Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you.

The Ark

10 “Have them make an ark[b] of acacia wood—two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high.[c]
11 Overlay it with pure gold, both inside and out, and make a gold molding around it.
12 Cast four gold rings for it and fasten them to its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the other.
13 Then make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
14 Insert the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry it.
15 The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark; they are not to be removed.
16 Then put in the ark the tablets of the covenant law, which I will give you.
17 “Make an atonement cover of pure gold—two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide.
18 And make two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover.
19 Make one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other; make the cherubim of one piece with the cover, at the two ends.
20 The cherubim are to have their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim are to face each other, looking toward the cover.
21 Place the cover on top of the ark and put in the ark the tablets of the covenant law that I will give you.
22 There, above the cover between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the covenant law, I will meet with you and give you all my commands for the Israelites.

The Table

23 “Make a table of acacia wood—two cubits long, a cubit wide and a cubit and a half high.[d]
24 Overlay it with pure gold and make a gold molding around it.
25 Also make around it a rim a handbreadth[e] wide and put a gold molding on the rim.
26 Make four gold rings for the table and fasten them to the four corners, where the four legs are.
27 The rings are to be close to the rim to hold the poles used in carrying the table.
28 Make the poles of acacia wood, overlay them with gold and carry the table with them.
29 And make its plates and dishes of pure gold, as well as its pitchers and bowls for the pouring out of offerings.
30 Put the bread of the Presence on this table to be before me at all times.

The Lampstand

31 “Make a lampstand of pure gold. Hammer out its base and shaft, and make its flowerlike cups, buds and blossoms of one piece with them.
32 Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lampstand—three on one side and three on the other.
33 Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on one branch, three on the next branch, and the same for all six branches extending from the lampstand.
34 And on the lampstand there are to be four cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms.
35 One bud shall be under the first pair of branches extending from the lampstand, a second bud under the second pair, and a third bud under the third pair—six branches in all.
36 The buds and branches shall all be of one piece with the lampstand, hammered out of pure gold.
37 “Then make its seven lamps and set them up on it so that they light the space in front of it.
38 Its wick trimmers and trays are to be of pure gold.
39 A talent[f] of pure gold is to be used for the lampstand and all these accessories.
40 See that you make them according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.

Exodus 25 Commentary

Chapter 25

What the Israelites were to offer for making the tabernacle. (1-9) The ark. (10-22) The table, with its furniture. (23-30) The candlestick. (31-40)

Verses 1-9 God chose the people of Israel to be a peculiar people to himself, above all people, and he himself would be their King. He ordered a royal palace to be set up among them for himself, called a sanctuary, or holy place, or habitation. There he showed his presence among them. And because in the wilderness they dwelt in tents, this royal palace was ordered to be a tabernacle, that it might move with them. The people were to furnish Moses with the materials, by their own free will. The best use we can make of our worldly wealth, is to honour God with it in works of piety and charity. We should ask, not only, What must we do? but, What may we do for God? Whatever they gave, they must give it cheerfully, not grudgingly, for God ( 2 Corinthians. 9:7 ) service of God, we must reckon well bestowed; and whatsoever is done in God's service, must be done by his direction.

Verses 10-22 The ark was a chest, overlaid with gold, in which the two tables of the law were to be kept. These tables are called the testimony; God in them testified his will. This law was a testimony to the Israelites, to direct them in their duty, and would be a testimony against them, if they transgressed. This ark was placed in the holy of holies; the blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled, and the incense burned, before it, by the high priest; and above it appeared the visible glory, which was the symbol of the Divine presence. This was a type of Christ in his sinless nature, which saw no corruption, in personal union with his Divine nature, atoning for our sins against it, by his death. The cherubim of gold looked one towards another, and both looked downward toward the ark. It denotes the angels' attendance on the Redeemer, their readiness to do his will, their presence in the assemblies of saints, and their desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel. It was covered with a covering of gold, called the mercy-seat. God is said to dwell, or sit between the cherubim, on the mercy-seat. There he would give his law, and hear supplicants, as a prince on his throne.

Verses 23-30 A table was to be made of wood, overlaid with gold, to stand in the outer tabernacle, to be always furnished with the shew-bread. This table, with the articles on it, and its use, seems to typify the communion which the Lord holds with his redeemed people in his ordinances, the provisions of his house, the feasts they are favoured with. Also the food for their souls, which they always find when they hunger after it; and the delight he takes in their persons and services, as presented before him in Christ.

Verses 31-40 The candlestick represents the light of God's word and Spirit, in and through Christ Jesus, afforded in this dark world to his believing people, to direct their worship and obedience, and to afford them consolations. The church is still dark, as the tabernacle was, in comparison with what it will be in heaven; but the word of God is a light shining in a dark place, ( 2 Peter. 1:19 ) it. In ver. ( 40 ) is an express caution to Moses. Nothing was left to his own fancy, or to that of the workmen, or the people; but the will of God must be observed in every particular. Christ's instruction to his disciples, ( Matthew 28:20 ) , is like this, Observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. Let us remember that we are the temples of the Holy Ghost, that we have the law of God in our hearts, that we are to live a life of communion with God, feast on his ordinances, and are the light of the world, if indeed we are followers of Christ. May the Lord help us to try ourselves by this view of religion, and to walk according thereto.

Cross References 36

  • 1. Exodus 35:21,22,26,27,29">Exodus 35:21,22,26,27,29; Exodus 36:2; 2 Kings 12:4; Exodus 35:21; 1Ch 29:5,7,9; 2 Chronicles 24:10; 2 Chronicles 29:31; Ezra 2:68; Nehemiah 7:70-72; 2 Corinthians 8:11-12; 2 Corinthians 9:7
  • 2. Exodus 28:4-8
  • 3. Numbers 4:6,10
  • 4. Deuteronomy 10:3
  • 5. Exodus 27:20; Exodus 30:22-32; Exodus 35:28; Exodus 39:37; Numbers 4:16
  • 6. Ex 30:1,7,35; Exodus 31:11; Exodus 35:28; Leviticus 16:12; Numbers 4:16; Numbers 7:14; 2 Chronicles 13:11
  • 7. Ex 28:4,6-14; Exodus 29:5; Judges 8:27; Hosea 3:4
  • 8. Leviticus 8:8; Exodus 28:15-30
  • 9. Exodus 36:1-5; Leviticus 4:6; Leviticus 10:4,7; Leviticus 21:12,23; Numbers 3:28; Hebrews 9:1-2
  • 10. Exodus 29:45; Leviticus 26:11-12; Numbers 5:3; Deuteronomy 12:11; 1 Kings 6:13; Zechariah 2:10; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Revelation 21:3
  • 11. ver 40; Exodus 26:30; Exodus 27:8; Exodus 31:11; Exodus 39:32,42,43; Numbers 8:4; 1 Chronicles 28:11,19; Acts 7:44; Hebrews 8:5
  • 12. Deuteronomy 10:1-5; 1 Kings 6:19; Hebrews 9:4
  • 13. ver 24; Exodus 30:3
  • 14. ver 26; Exodus 30:4
  • 15. ver 28; Exodus 27:6; Exodus 30:5; Exodus 37:28
  • 16. Exodus 27:7; Exodus 40:20; 1 Chronicles 15:15
  • 17. 1 Kings 8:8
  • 18. S Exodus 16:34; Deuteronomy 31:26; Hebrews 9:4
  • 19. ver 21; Leviticus 16:13; Romans 3:25
  • 20. Exodus 26:1,31; Exodus 36:35; 1 Kings 6:23,27; 1 Kings 8:6; 2 Chronicles 3:10-13; Hebrews 9:5
  • 21. S Genesis 3:24
  • 22. Exodus 37:9; 1 Kings 8:7; 1 Chronicles 28:18; Hebrews 9:5
  • 23. ver 10-15; Exodus 26:34; Exodus 40:20; Deuteronomy 10:5
  • 24. ver 16; S Exodus 16:34; Hebrews 9:4
  • 25. Numbers 7:89; 1 Samuel 4:4; 2 Samuel 6:2; 2 Samuel 22:11; 2 Kings 19:15; 1 Chronicles 13:6; 1 Chronicles 28:18; Psalms 18:10; Psalms 80:1; Psalms 99:1; Isaiah 37:16
  • 26. S Exodus 19:3; Exodus 29:42; Exodus 30:6,36; Leviticus 1:1; Leviticus 16:2; Numbers 17:4; Ex Exodus 29:42-43
  • 27. Jeremiah 3:16
  • 28. ver 30; Exodus 26:35; Exodus 40:4,22; Leviticus 24:6; Numbers 3:31; 1 Kings 7:48; 1 Chronicles 28:16; 2 Chronicles 4:8,19; Ezekiel 41:22; Ezekiel 44:16; Hebrews 9:2
  • 29. S ver 13
  • 30. Numbers 4:7
  • 31. Exodus 35:13; Exodus 39:36; Exodus 40:4,23; Leviticus 24:5-9; Numbers 4:7; 1 Samuel 21:4-6; 1 Kings 7:48; 1 Chronicles 23:29
  • 32. Exodus 26:35; Exodus 31:8; Exodus 35:14; Exodus 39:37; Exodus 40:4,24; Leviticus 24:4; Numbers 3:31; 1 Kings 7:49; 2 Chronicles 4:7; Zechariah 4:2; Hebrews 9:2; Revelation 1:12
  • 33. ver 18; Numbers 8:4
  • 34. Exodus 27:21; Exodus 30:8; Leviticus 24:3-4; Numbers 8:2; 1 Samuel 3:3; 2 Chronicles 13:11
  • 35. S ver 37; Numbers 4:9
  • 36. S ver 9; Exodus 26:30; Numbers 8:4; Acts 7:44; Hebrews 8:5*

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Possibly the hides of large aquatic mammals
  • [b]. That is, a chest
  • [c]. That is, about 3 3/4 feet long and 2 1/4 feet wide and high or about 1.1 meters long and 68 centimeters wide and high; similarly in verse 17
  • [d]. That is, about 3 feet long, 1 1/2 feet wide and 2 1/4 feet high or about 90 centimeters long, 45 centimeters wide and 68 centimeters high
  • [e]. That is, about 3 inches or about 7.5 centimeters
  • [f]. That is, about 75 pounds or about 34 kilograms

Chapter Summary


In this chapter an order is given for a freewill offering towards various things for the worship and service of God, and the materials to be offered, which would be useful and acceptable, are mentioned particularly, Ex 25:1-7, as also another order to build a sanctuary for God, after a model that he would give, Ex 25:8,9, and, an ark to put in the law on tables of stone, the fashion of which, and the various things belonging to it, are described, Ex 25:10-16, and a mercy seat with cherubim on it to be set over the ark, where the Lord promises to meet Moses and commune with him, Ex 25:17-22 and a table with various appurtenances to it to place the shewbread on, Ex 25:23-30 and a candlestick of gold, whose parts are described, and all the instruments relative to it, Ex 25:31-40.

Exodus 25 Commentaries