Isaiah 32

The Kingdom of Righteousness

1 See, a king will reign in righteousness and rulers will rule with justice.
2 Each one will be like a shelter from the wind and a refuge from the storm, like streams of water in the desert and the shadow of a great rock in a thirsty land.
3 Then the eyes of those who see will no longer be closed, and the ears of those who hear will listen.
4 The fearful heart will know and understand, and the stammering tongue will be fluent and clear.
5 No longer will the fool be called noble nor the scoundrel be highly respected.
6 For fools speak folly, their hearts are bent on evil: They practice ungodliness and spread error concerning the LORD; the hungry they leave empty and from the thirsty they withhold water.
7 Scoundrels use wicked methods, they make up evil schemes to destroy the poor with lies, even when the plea of the needy is just.
8 But the noble make noble plans, and by noble deeds they stand.

The Women of Jerusalem

9 You women who are so complacent, rise up and listen to me; you daughters who feel secure, hear what I have to say!
10 In little more than a year you who feel secure will tremble; the grape harvest will fail, and the harvest of fruit will not come.
11 Tremble, you complacent women; shudder, you daughters who feel secure! Strip off your fine clothes and wrap yourselves in rags.
12 Beat your breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vines
13 and for the land of my people, a land overgrown with thorns and briers— yes, mourn for all houses of merriment and for this city of revelry.
14 The fortress will be abandoned, the noisy city deserted; citadel and watchtower will become a wasteland forever, the delight of donkeys, a pasture for flocks,
15 till the Spirit is poured on us from on high, and the desert becomes a fertile field, and the fertile field seems like a forest.
16 The LORD’s justice will dwell in the desert, his righteousness live in the fertile field.
17 The fruit of that righteousness will be peace; its effect will be quietness and confidence forever.
18 My people will live in peaceful dwelling places, in secure homes, in undisturbed places of rest.
19 Though hail flattens the forest and the city is leveled completely,
20 how blessed you will be, sowing your seed by every stream, and letting your cattle and donkeys range free.

Isaiah 32 Commentary

Chapter 32

Times of peace and happiness. (1-8) An interval of trouble, yet comfort and blessings in the end. (9-20)

Verses 1-8 Christ our righteous King, and his true disciples, are evidently here intended. The consolations and graces of his Spirit are as rivers of water in this dry land; and as the overhanging rock affords refreshing shade and shelter to the weary traveller in the desert, so his power, truth, and love, yield the believer the only real protection and refreshment in the weary land through which he journeys to heaven. Christ bore the storm himself, to keep it off from us. To him let the trembling sinner flee for refuge; for he alone can protect and refresh us in every trial. See what pains sinners take in sin; they labour at it, their hearts are intent upon it, and with art they work iniquity; but this is our comfort, that they can do no more mischief than God permits. Let us seek to have our hearts more freed from selfishness. The liberal soul devises liberal things concerning God, and desires that He will grant wisdom and prudence, the comforts of his presence, the influence of his Spirit, and in due time the enjoyment of his glory.

Verses 9-20 When there was so much provocation given to the holy God, bad times might be expected. Alas! how many careless ones there are, who support self-indulgence by shameful niggardliness! We deserve to be deprived of the supports of life, when we make them the food of lusts. Let such tremble and be troubled. Blessed times shall be brought in by the pouring out of the Spirit from on high; then, and not till then, there will be good times. The present state of the Jews shall continue until a more abundant pouring out of the Spirit from on high. Peace and quietness shall be found in the way and work of righteousness. True satisfaction is to be had only in true religion. And real holiness is real happiness now, and shall be perfect happiness, that is, perfect holiness for ever. The good seed of the word shall be sown in all places, and be watered by Divine grace; and laborious, patient labourers shall be sent forth into God's husbandry.

Cross References 59

  • 1. S Psalms 149:2; S Isaiah 6:5; Isaiah 55:4; Ezekiel 37:24
  • 2. Psalms 72:1-4; S Isaiah 9:7; S Isaiah 28:6
  • 3. S 1 Kings 18:4; Isaiah 4:6
  • 4. S Psalms 55:8
  • 5. S Psalms 23:2; S Isaiah 30:25; Isaiah 49:10; Jeremiah 31:9
  • 6. S Psalms 107:35; Isaiah 44:3
  • 7. S Isaiah 29:18; Isaiah 35:5; Isaiah 42:7,16
  • 8. S Deuteronomy 29:4
  • 9. Isaiah 6:10; S Isaiah 29:24
  • 10. Isaiah 35:6
  • 11. S 1 Samuel 25:25
  • 12. S Proverbs 19:3
  • 13. S Proverbs 24:2; S Isaiah 26:10
  • 14. S Isaiah 9:17
  • 15. Isaiah 3:12; Isaiah 9:16
  • 16. S Isaiah 3:15
  • 17. Jeremiah 5:26-28; Daniel 12:10
  • 18. S Isaiah 29:20; Micah 7:3
  • 19. S Psalms 72:4; Isaiah 29:19; Isaiah 61:1
  • 20. S Isaiah 29:21
  • 21. 1 Chronicles 29:9; S Proverbs 11:25
  • 22. Isaiah 14:24
  • 23. S Isaiah 4:1
  • 24. Isaiah 28:23
  • 25. ver 11; Isaiah 47:8; Daniel 4:4; Amos 6:1; Zephaniah 2:15
  • 26. Isaiah 37:30
  • 27. Isaiah 5:5-6; S Isaiah 24:7
  • 28. Isaiah 33:14
  • 29. S ver 9
  • 30. Isaiah 47:2; Micah 1:8; Nahum 3:5
  • 31. S Isaiah 3:24
  • 32. Nahum 2:7
  • 33. Isaiah 16:9
  • 34. S Isaiah 5:6; Hosea 10:8
  • 35. S Isaiah 24:11
  • 36. S Isaiah 23:7; Isaiah 22:2
  • 37. S Isaiah 13:22
  • 38. S Isaiah 6:11; S Isaiah 27:10
  • 39. S Isaiah 2:15; Isaiah 34:13
  • 40. S Psalms 104:11
  • 41. S Isaiah 5:17
  • 42. S Isaiah 11:2; S Ezekiel 37:9; Joel 2:28
  • 43. Psalms 107:35; Isaiah 35:1-2
  • 44. Isaiah 29:17
  • 45. S Isaiah 9:7; S Isaiah 28:6
  • 46. Isaiah 35:1,6; Isaiah 42:11
  • 47. S Psalms 48:1; S Isaiah 1:26
  • 48. S Psalms 85:10
  • 49. S Psalms 119:165; S Isaiah 9:7; Romans 14:17; Hebrews 12:11; James 3:18
  • 50. S Isaiah 30:15
  • 51. S Isaiah 2:4
  • 52. S Isaiah 26:1; Isaiah 33:20; Isaiah 37:33; Isaiah 65:21; Isaiah 66:14; Amos 9:14
  • 53. S Joshua 1:13; S Job 11:18; Hosea 2:18-23
  • 54. Isaiah 28:17; Isaiah 30:30
  • 55. S Isaiah 10:19; Zechariah 11:2
  • 56. S Job 40:11; S Isaiah 19:18; Isaiah 24:10; Isaiah 27:10
  • 57. S Ecclesiastes 11:1
  • 58. S Deuteronomy 28:12
  • 59. Job 39:8; S Isaiah 30:24

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains a prophecy of the Messiah; for, however applicable it may be to Hezekiah, as a type of Christ, it only has its full accomplishment in him, and in his times; who is described as a righteous King, and as having just princes ruling under him, Isa 32:1 and as a very great blessing, protection, and comfort to his subjects, Isa 32:2 when follows a prediction of great light and knowledge that should be in his days, Isa 32:3,4 and of the vileness, hypocrisy, and covetousness of the Jews in his times, Isa 32:5-8 and of the destruction of their country, because of their sins, of which they seemed greatly insensible, and were unconcerned about it, and are therefore called upon to lament it, Isa 32:9-14 which should continue until there would be a very great effusion of the Spirit, as should make the world, comparable to a wilderness, fruitful in grace and good works; the consequence of which is great prosperity, peace, and safety, to the saints, Isa 32:15-18 and destruction to their enemies, particularly the city of Rome, Isa 32:19 and the chapter is concluded with the happiness of the Gospel ministration, and the success of it, Isa 32:20.

Isaiah 32 Commentaries

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