Jeremiah 30

Restoration of Israel

1 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD:
2 “This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘Write in a book all the words I have spoken to you.
3 The days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will bring my people Israel and Judah back from captivity[a] and restore them to the land I gave their ancestors to possess,’ says the LORD.”
4 These are the words the LORD spoke concerning Israel and Judah:
5 “This is what the LORD says: “ ‘Cries of fear are heard— terror, not peace.
6 Ask and see: Can a man bear children? Then why do I see every strong man with his hands on his stomach like a woman in labor, every face turned deathly pale?
7 How awful that day will be! No other will be like it. It will be a time of trouble for Jacob, but he will be saved out of it.
8 “ ‘In that day,’ declares the LORD Almighty, ‘I will break the yoke off their necks and will tear off their bonds; no longer will foreigners enslave them.
9 Instead, they will serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.
10 “ ‘So do not be afraid, Jacob my servant; do not be dismayed, Israel,’ declares the LORD. ‘I will surely save you out of a distant place, your descendants from the land of their exile. Jacob will again have peace and security, and no one will make him afraid.
11 I am with you and will save you,’ declares the LORD. ‘Though I completely destroy all the nations among which I scatter you, I will not completely destroy you. I will discipline you but only in due measure; I will not let you go entirely unpunished.’
12 “This is what the LORD says: “ ‘Your wound is incurable, your injury beyond healing.
13 There is no one to plead your cause, no remedy for your sore, no healing for you.
14 All your allies have forgotten you; they care nothing for you. I have struck you as an enemy would and punished you as would the cruel, because your guilt is so great and your sins so many.
15 Why do you cry out over your wound, your pain that has no cure? Because of your great guilt and many sins I have done these things to you.
16 “ ‘But all who devour you will be devoured; all your enemies will go into exile. Those who plunder you will be plundered; all who make spoil of you I will despoil.
17 But I will restore you to health and heal your wounds,’ declares the LORD, ‘because you are called an outcast, Zion for whom no one cares.’
18 “This is what the LORD says: “ ‘I will restore the fortunes of Jacob’s tents and have compassion on his dwellings; the city will be rebuilt on her ruins, and the palace will stand in its proper place.
19 From them will come songs of thanksgiving and the sound of rejoicing. I will add to their numbers, and they will not be decreased; I will bring them honor, and they will not be disdained.
20 Their children will be as in days of old, and their community will be established before me; I will punish all who oppress them.
21 Their leader will be one of their own; their ruler will arise from among them. I will bring him near and he will come close to me— for who is he who will devote himself to be close to me?’ declares the LORD.
22 “‘So you will be my people, and I will be your God.’ ”
23 See, the storm of the LORDwill burst out in wrath, a driving wind swirling down on the heads of the wicked.
24 The fierce anger of the LORD will not turn back until he fully accomplishes the purposes of his heart. In days to come you will understand this.

Jeremiah 30 Commentary

Chapter 30

Troubles which shall be before the restoration of Israel. (1-11) Encouragement to trust Divine promises. (12-17) The blessings under Christ, and the wrath on the wicked. (18-24)

Verses 1-11 Jeremiah is to write what God had spoken to him. The very words are such as the Holy Ghost teaches. These are the words God ordered to be written; and promises written by his order, are truly his word. He must write a description of the trouble the people were now in, and were likely to be in. A happy end should be put to these calamities. Though the afflictions of the church may last long, they shall not last always. The Jews shall be restored again. They shall obey, or hearken to the Messiah, the Christ, the Son of David, their King. The deliverance of the Jews from Babylon, is pointed out in the prophecy, but the restoration and happy state of Israel and Judah, when converted to Christ their King, are foretold; also the miseries of the nations before the coming of Christ. All men must honour the Son as they honour the Father, and come into the service and worship of God by him. Our gracious Lord pardons the sins of the believer, and breaks off the yoke of sin and Satan, that he may serve God without fear, in righteousness and true holiness before him all the remainder of his days, as the redeemed subject of Christ our King.

Verses 12-17 When God is against a people, who will be for them? Who can be for them, so as to do them any kindness? Incurable griefs are owing to incurable lusts. Yet, though the captives suffered justly, and could not help themselves, the Lord intended to appear for them, and to punish their oppressors; and he will still do so. But every effort to heal ourselves must prove fruitless, so long as we neglect the heavenly Advocate and sanctifying Spirit. The dealings of His grace with every true convert, and every returning backslider, are the same in effect as his proceedings to the Jews.

Verses 18-24 We have here further intimations of the favour of God for them after the days of their calamity have expired. The proper work and office of Christ, as Mediator, is to draw near unto God, for us, as the High Priest of our profession. His own undertaking, in compliance with his Father's will, and in compassion to fallen man, engaged him. Jesus Christ was, in all this, truly wonderful. They shall be taken again into covenant with the Lord, according to the covenant made with their fathers. "I will be your God:" it is his good-will to us, which is the summary of that part of the covenant. The wrath of God against the wicked is very terrible, like a whirlwind. The purposes of his wrath, as well as the purposes of his love, will all be fulfilled. God will comfort all that turn to him; but those who approach him must have their hearts engaged to do it with reverence, devotion, and faith. How will they escape who neglect so great salvation?

Cross References 61

  • 1. S Isaiah 30:8; S Jeremiah 36:2
  • 2. S Jeremiah 16:14; S Jeremiah 24:6
  • 3. S Jeremiah 29:14
  • 4. S Jeremiah 16:15
  • 5. Jeremiah 6:25
  • 6. S Jeremiah 4:31
  • 7. S Isaiah 29:22
  • 8. S Isaiah 2:12; Joel 2:11
  • 9. S Isaiah 22:5; Zephaniah 1:15
  • 10. ver 10; Jeremiah 23:3
  • 11. S Isaiah 9:4
  • 12. Psalms 107:14
  • 13. Jeremiah 25:14; Jeremiah 27:7; Ezekiel 34:27
  • 14. S Matthew 1:1; Isaiah 55:3-4; Luke 1:69; Acts 2:30; Acts 13:23
  • 15. ver 21; S 1 Samuel 13:14; Jeremiah 33:15; Ezekiel 34:23-24; Ezekiel 37:24; Hosea 1:11; Hosea 3:5
  • 16. S Isaiah 41:10; Isaiah 43:5; Jeremiah 46:27-28
  • 17. S Isaiah 44:2
  • 18. S ver 7; S Jeremiah 29:14
  • 19. Isaiah 35:9; S Jeremiah 17:25
  • 20. S Isaiah 29:22; S Isaiah 54:4; S Jeremiah 23:4; Ezekiel 34:25-28
  • 21. S Joshua 1:5
  • 22. S Leviticus 26:44; S Jeremiah 4:27; Jeremiah 5:18; Jeremiah 46:28
  • 23. S Jeremiah 10:24
  • 24. Hosea 11:9; Amos 9:8
  • 25. S Job 6:4; S Jeremiah 10:19
  • 26. S Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 15:18
  • 27. S Judges 6:31
  • 28. S Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 14:19; Jeremiah 46:11; Nahum 3:19
  • 29. S Jeremiah 22:20; Lamentations 1:2
  • 30. S Job 13:24
  • 31. S Job 30:21
  • 32. S Jeremiah 25:7; Jeremiah 5:6
  • 33. S Jeremiah 10:19
  • 34. S Proverbs 1:31; Lamentations 1:5
  • 35. S Isaiah 29:8; S Isaiah 33:1; S Jeremiah 2:3; Jeremiah 10:25
  • 36. S Isaiah 14:2; Joel 3:4-8
  • 37. Jeremiah 49:2; Jeremiah 50:10
  • 38. S Isaiah 1:5; Hosea 6:1
  • 39. S Isaiah 6:12; Jeremiah 33:24
  • 40. Psalms 142:4
  • 41. ver 3; S Deuteronomy 30:3; Jeremiah 31:23; Jeremiah 32:44
  • 42. S Numbers 24:5
  • 43. Psalms 102:13; Jeremiah 33:26; Ezekiel 39:25
  • 44. Jer 31:4,24,38; Jeremiah 33:7; Ezekiel 36:10,33; Amos 9:14
  • 45. S Psalms 9:2; Isaiah 35:10; S Isaiah 51:11
  • 46. S Isaiah 51:3
  • 47. Psalms 126:1-2; Jeremiah 31:4
  • 48. S Genesis 15:5; Genesis 22:17; Jeremiah 33:22; Ezekiel 37:26; Zechariah 2:4
  • 49. S Isaiah 44:23; S Isaiah 60:9
  • 50. Isaiah 54:13; Jeremiah 31:17; Zechariah 8:5
  • 51. Isaiah 54:14
  • 52. S Exodus 23:22
  • 53. S ver 9; Jeremiah 23:5-6
  • 54. Deuteronomy 17:15
  • 55. Numbers 16:5
  • 56. S Isaiah 19:25; Hosea 2:23
  • 57. S Leviticus 26:12
  • 58. S Jeremiah 23:19
  • 59. Jeremiah 4:8; Lamentations 1:12
  • 60. S Jeremiah 4:28
  • 61. Jeremiah 23:19-20

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "will restore the fortunes of my people Israel and Judah"

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO JEREMIAH 30

This chapter contains a prophecy of the call and conversion of the Jews in the latter day; which being a matter of moment and importance, and that it might continue, and be read hereafter, it is ordered to be written in a book, Jer 30:1,2; the thing itself is expressed by a return from captivity to their own land, Jer 30:3; but previous to this there would be most dreadful times, as never were the like, Jer 30:4-7; yet there would be a deliverance from them, and from the yoke of the oppressor; when the Jews should serve the Lord God, and the true Messiah, Jer 30:8,9; of which deliverance and salvation they are assured in the strongest terms, though all other nations should be made an end of, among whom they were, Jer 30:10,11; and though their ease might seem to be desperate, Jer 30:12-17; nevertheless they should be brought into a very comfortable and happy estate; their city rebuilt; their offspring increased; and religious worship established; and, above all, the Messiah should be made known to them as their King and Priest, and they appear to be the Lord's covenant people, Jer 30:18-22; and the chapter is concluded with threatening utter destruction to the wicked, Jer 30:23,24.

Jeremiah 30 Commentaries