Esther 5:1

1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.

Esther 5:1 Meaning and Commentary

Esther 5:1

Now it came to pass on the third day
Of the fast; though the former Targum paraphrases it the third day of the passover, the sixteenth of Nisan, (See Gill on Esther 4:17), though it is probable this was nearer the time fixed for the destruction of the Jews, see ( Esther 8:9 ) , yet the Jews have fixed the fast of Esther on that very day, the thirteenth of Adar F6:

that Esther put on her royal apparel;
in order to go in to the king, and appear before him; which to do in a mournful habit, such as she had on when fasting, was not proper; for then she put off her royal crown, as is intimated in the additions to the book of Esther,

And upon the third day, when she had ended her prayers, she laid away her mourning garments, and put on her glorious apparel. (Esther 15:1)

and as was usual for princes to do in times of mourning F7; but now she put it on, as both Ben Gorion F8 and the latter Targum affirm:

and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the
king's house;
into which none might go but such as were called; yet Esther being queen, the keepers of the door could not forbid her, as Aben Ezra observes:

and the king sat upon his royal throne, in the royal house, over
against the gate of the house;
so that he could see whoever came in at it, into the inner court.


FOOTNOTES:

F6 Vid Reland. Antiqu. Heb. par. 4. c. 13. sect. 5.
F7 Vid. Paschalium de Coronis, l. 10. c. 11. p. 699.
F8 Hist. Heb. Jud. l. 2. c. 4.

Esther 5:1 In-Context

1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
2 And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, that she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre that was in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the sceptre.
3 Then said the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen Esther? and what is thy request? it shall be even given thee to the half of the kingdom.
4 And Esther answered, If it seem good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him.
5 Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Esther hath said. So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared.